Trade & Globalisation

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    How do ‘Economists for Brexit’ manage to defy the laws of gravity?

How do ‘Economists for Brexit’ manage to defy the laws of gravity?

The possibility of the UK leaving the European Union (EU) has generated an unusual degree of consensus among economists. Acrimony and rancour surrounded debates around austerity and joining the euro, but analysis from the Bank of England to the OECD to academia has all concluded that Brexit would make us economically worse off. The disagreement is mainly over the […]

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    India needs to sophisticate and diversify its manufacturing exports

India needs to sophisticate and diversify its manufacturing exports

The expansion of India’s exports of services between 1990 and 2013 has been nothing short of spectacular, putting India on a par with the world’s high-income economies in terms of service-product sophistication and as a share of total exports. This has created unique opportunities for continued growth. By contrast, when it comes to exports of manufactured goods, India has […]

Why immigration is no reason to leave the EU

Many British people are concerned that high levels of immigration have hurt their jobs, wages and quality of life. This anxiety is understandable as workers have had a rough ride in recent times. Allowing for inflation, average wages fell by 8 to 10 percent in the six years after the global financial crisis of 2008. Such a sustained fall […]

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    Paul Krugman’s criticism of the eurozone can apply to the US

Paul Krugman’s criticism of the eurozone can apply to the US

Mention the euro and even one of the brightest and most original US economists reverts to pop economics.  Paul Krugman’s keynote at a conference of Europeanists in Philadelphia on 15 April 2016 could not have been more packed with the received wisdom on optimum currency areas. It is supposedly a well-developed piece of economic theory, or so the audience […]

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    How Brexit will reduce foreign investment in the UK….and why it matters

How Brexit will reduce foreign investment in the UK….and why it matters

Foreign investors love Britain…

Foreign direct investment (FDI) comprises investments from outside a country to set up new establishments, expand existing establishments or purchase local companies.

According to UK Trade and Investment (UKTI, 2015), the UK has an estimated stock of over £1 trillion of FDI, about half of which is from the European Union (EU). Only the United States and […]

Britain needs the EU much more than vice versa

Britain earns 13 per cent of its GDP by exporting goods and services to the other EU members. In turn, these other EU members earn less than 4 per cent of their GDP by sending goods and services across the Channel. Britain accounts for a mere 17 per cent of the joint GDP of the EU.

As a result of […]

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    The question is not ‘if’ but ‘how much’ Brexit would cost the UK

The question is not ‘if’ but ‘how much’ Brexit would cost the UK

There are many issues that will weigh in the minds of voters in the run up to the 23rd June EU referendum. Many people feel that they are oppressed by a remote, undemocratic super-state that can over-rule British laws. Others believe that the EU promotes better co-operation between communities that were at war for centuries. These views often stem from deeply […]

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    The value of intermediaries in the global market for cloud workers

The value of intermediaries in the global market for cloud workers

A variety of online markets have developed in recent years to facilitate trade in labour services. Upwork – previously known as oDesk-eLance (oDesk was founded in 2005 and merged with eLance in 2014) – is the largest global online market for outsourced work, with revenues of around $1 billion a year, making it the ‘behemoth of the human cloud’ […]

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    As a leading global city, London needs to meet its challenges

As a leading global city, London needs to meet its challenges

Recently the Economist wrote a piece exploring the rise of London. It was interesting for its comparison with New York, both in terms of the proportion of the population who reside there, and the proportion of the economic activity that takes place there. The general thesis was that whilst London was undoubtedly huge, when compared with New York, it should quite […]

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    If the UK leaves the EU, any path it chooses would carry economic costs

If the UK leaves the EU, any path it chooses would carry economic costs

To make an informed decision on the merits of leaving the European Union (EU), UK voters need to know more about what the government would do following Brexit. Just as the parties put forward policy manifestos in the run-up to an election, they should publish their plans for a post-Brexit world before the referendum.

The report notes that it is highly uncertain what the […]

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    Countries with tight social norms innovate less in the international arena

Countries with tight social norms innovate less in the international arena

An increasingly common way to source creative ideas is to ask the crowd for help. Various companies have launched online platforms to source creative ideas from online communities. For example, PepsiCo has set up “Legion of the Bold”, a community website in which the brand asks fans for marketing and advertising ideas. In 2014, Procter & Gamble announced the […]

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    When multinationals choose locations, consumers and competitors matter

When multinationals choose locations, consumers and competitors matter

The field of international business has long adopted the view that multinational enterprises (MNEs) may be represented as networks of activities connected via knowledge and product flows. The major determinants of efficient location choices are considered to be proximity to markets, resources and suppliers.

There are two standard approaches to modelling MNEs’ location choices. The first attempts to minimize total […]

Are firms with offshore headquarters worth more?

Over the last two decades, an increasing number of companies have chosen to register or establish subsidiaries in offshore financial centres. OFCs are characterized by low taxation, flexible regulations, and secrecy policies (see Fig 1 for the list of OFCs, ranked by Offshore Attitude Index). Many companies with subsidiaries offshore are market icons, such as Google Inc., Apple Inc., […]

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    In search of greater regulatory freedom, some banks resort to cross-border acquisitions

In search of greater regulatory freedom, some banks resort to cross-border acquisitions

The recent global financial crisis, caused in part by systemic failures in bank regulation, has sparked, among other things, a strong push for both stricter capital requirements and greater international coordination in regulation. For example, seven of the 10 recommendations of the 2011 Report of the Cross-Border Bank Resolution Group of the Basel Committee for Banking Supervision (BCBS) propose […]

We may have underestimated the true cost of quitting the EU

As if terrorism, refugees, Schengen, debt, and Greece were not sufficiently big worries in each of themselves, the EU now has also to face the “English Question”. A referendum on Britain’s EU membership will take place before the end of 2017 (Copsey and Naughton 2014). In or out, remain or leave, the relationship between the UK and the EU […]

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    Medium-sized firms worry a possible EU exit would hamper their ability to find skilled workers

Medium-sized firms worry a possible EU exit would hamper their ability to find skilled workers

Over the past six months we have seen a number of groups officially launch their campaigns either for or against Britain leaving the European Union. However, in what some may deem a rather unusual turn of events, the UK’s mass media has been largely (although admittedly not entirely) unbiased when it comes to reporting the opinions of both sides.

This […]

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    As the world economy slumps, African countries embrace intra-regional trade

As the world economy slumps, African countries embrace intra-regional trade

By and large, the world is caught in a phase of global economic transition: the possibility of the US and Europe exiting the zero-interest-rate terrain lurks in the horizon, despite seeming remote in the recent past; in China, the government is attempting to rebalance growth from over-reliance on exports as aggregate growth moderates toward the 6-to-7 percent band in […]

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    Multinational firms still have a lot to learn about doing business in Africa

Multinational firms still have a lot to learn about doing business in Africa

There is an emerging consensus among academics, international agencies, and businesses that the 21st century is the African century. Democratic processes in the first decade of this century seemed to provide political stability, and resulted in not only advocacy for investments but also an increasing surge of multinational organizations into African countries. As a result, businesses, typified by multinational […]

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    Where do multinationals fit in global efforts to adapt to climate change?

Where do multinationals fit in global efforts to adapt to climate change?

Climate change is widely recognized as one of the critical global challenges on the political agenda and is not a new topic for the boardrooms of multinational corporations (MNCs) either. Ahead of the upcoming climate change summit in Paris in December governments and companies are pledging emission reduction targets and are working on new initiatives to lower their carbon […]

A positive international image helps countries export more

Do countries do well by doing good? More precisely, does a country admired by others reap any benefit? My research indicates that the answers to these questions is “yes” and “yes”. I have taken advantage of a quantitative measure of soft power to show that a country sells more exports to nations that perceive it to be a force for good, holding […]