Gender

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    Gender gaps in promotion: it is also because women apply less

Gender gaps in promotion: it is also because women apply less

A related recent post (Who stays longer, male or female CEOs?) documents that women account for 5 per cent of CEOs of major North American firms as of January 2018 (Catalyst). According to Bertrand and Hallock (2001), they represented 2.5 per cent of top executives in US firms in the 1990s. Even if these two figures are not perfectly […]

October 17th, 2018|CEP, Gender, LSE Authors|0 Comments|

Exploring gay entrepreneurship matters

Within contemporary society, entrepreneurship is feted as a pathway to self-efficacy, independence and innovation, whilst also creating employment and generating wealth. Further, it is presumed to be an open site of opportunity as there are no barriers to entry. Yet evidence suggests a strong gendered bias, which since the 1990s has been explored through a focus upon the under-representation […]

October 15th, 2018|Gender|0 Comments|
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    Working while pregnant: how women cope with unsupportive organisations

Working while pregnant: how women cope with unsupportive organisations

“So I started busting my butt at work. And I started working that much harder . . . so I felt I took on even more. I was working that much harder because I felt like I had to for everyone to feel comfortable with the fact that I’m pregnant, I’m having a baby . . . Because if […]

September 12th, 2018|Gender|0 Comments|

The gay glass ceiling in the UK

Empirical research on sexual orientation and work-related inequality has focused on earnings and income. Several studies have found that gay men earn significantly less than similarly situated straight men, while lesbians earn more than similarly situated straight women (e.g., see Badgett 1995; Carpenter 2007; Aksoy et al. 2018; and others).

In contrast to earnings and income, little known about sexual […]

September 5th, 2018|Gender, IGA, LSE Authors|0 Comments|

Who stays longer, male or female CEOs?

Only 5 per cent of major North American firms had a female CEO as of January 2018. (Catalyst)

Clearly women are underrepresented at the top level of corporations, but the reasons for this are less clear. In a recent article, we investigate two different paths to the scarcity of female CEOs:

Women are appointed as CEO less often; and/or
Women are […]

How to help women sustain careers in male-dominated spaces

While women have made substantial inroads into the world of work and organisational hierarchies, many science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM) related fields such as engineering, still appear stubbornly resistant to gender diversity. Even from the perspective of many of the women who actually work in these industries.

Despite the best efforts of many firms, gender equality in terms of […]

August 28th, 2018|Gender, LSE alumni|0 Comments|
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    When organisations take more than they give to the equality agenda

When organisations take more than they give to the equality agenda

When an organisation makes loud claims about equality at work, they’re not contributing to the agenda. They’re taking from it. They’re withdrawing reputation and brand equity and depositing little back in return.

To return that equity, they need to take meaningful action. You can often spot ‘meaning’ because it brings risk and scrutiny. It’s likely to lead to a structural […]

Creating a typology for the types of femininity in STEM

Attracting and keeping women in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) is a common problem. It needs to be tackled at the individual, organisational and systemic level. Our work on ‘Femininities in STEM’ focuses at the individual level. Two axes, one relating to career commitment and the other to non-work relational commitment are used to create a typology.

Based on […]

June 4th, 2018|Gender|1 Comment|
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    Lessons from a state-imposed gender equality policy in China

Lessons from a state-imposed gender equality policy in China

In a recent study, we investigate the role that culture and institutions play in creating gender differences in willingness to compete. We compare the competitiveness of women growing up in different periods in the recent history of mainland China and Taiwan. We find that women in Beijing who grew up during the communist regime, when gender equality was emphasised, […]

May 29th, 2018|Gender|0 Comments|
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    Over 100 countries still bar women from working in specific jobs

Over 100 countries still bar women from working in specific jobs

Two years ago, I told you that gender equality is a critical component of economic growth. I talked about the consequences of laws that facilitate or discourage women from entering the labor force. This was the 2016 edition of Women, Business and the Law, a World Bank Group product that identifies barriers to women’s economic participation and tracks progress […]

May 9th, 2018|Gender|0 Comments|
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    Italian women face dramatic earnings losses after the birth of a child

Italian women face dramatic earnings losses after the birth of a child

Female labour force participation has increased in most European countries in the last decades: the activity rate in EU15 has constantly increased in the last 20 years, gaining more than 10 percentage points (from 56 to 68 per cent). Nonetheless, the gender earnings gap remains substantially high in most countries.

Recent research highlighted that parenthood is one of the main […]

May 3rd, 2018|Gender|0 Comments|
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    Teen girls and the earliest gender inequalities in the labour market

Teen girls and the earliest gender inequalities in the labour market

The pay gap between men and women is a longstanding problem in both American workplaces and women’s lives, and a new experiment reveals why a commonly proposed solution may not actually help. There have been a number of explanations given for the gender wage gap, but in recent years, one of the dominant explanations is that the wage gap […]

April 27th, 2018|Gender|0 Comments|
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    The tale of two Germanies highlights how childcare provision benefits women

The tale of two Germanies highlights how childcare provision benefits women

Gender inequality in firms is an issue which has concerned both economists and policymakers. In spite of significant improvements in women’s career prospects, the gender pay gap still persists. One crucial component as to why women on average earn lower wages than men is parenthood. I provide evidence of the positive impact of child care policies on women’s careers and […]

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    New generations of men and women, inching us ever closer to gender equality

New generations of men and women, inching us ever closer to gender equality

Whenever I watch Marilyn Monroe movies, I’m struck by how childish her voice sounds. There’s such a contrast to how adult women speak today. These movies remind me of the huge leap we’ve made in gender expectations and norms over the past decades. I often wonder what people 70 years from now will say when they look at men […]

When sexual harassment is used to equalise power

The list of powerful men accused of sexual harassment seems to grow longer every day: Roger Ailes, Harvey Weinstein, Steve Wynn, Mario Batali, Matt Lauer, Mario Testino, Richard Branson, Roy Moore, just to name a few. These reports tell a distressingly familiar story of unchecked power that reinforces popular understandings about who engages in sexually harassing behaviour and who […]

What can organisations do to close the gender pay gap?

On 10 November 2017 women in the UK were urged to down tools and put an ‘out of office’ on their computers ‘until the end of the year’, as a tongue-in-cheek response to the fact they would now be working for no pay for the next 51 days. Globally, women need to work, on average, more than 70 additional […]

Taking #MeToo into global supply chains

Sexual harassment in the workplace is not a new phenomenon. There have been some well publicised episodes before – Clarence Thomas, Justice in the American Supreme Court, and more recently, Dov Charney, founder of American Apparel retail stores come to mind. But they appeared to be just that: isolated episodes. The flood of allegations unleashed by the #MeToo movement […]

Gender should be on the agenda of business schools

As business and management educators we have a role to develop greater awareness and appreciation of diversity in society and our workplaces. Gender should be on the agenda of business schools. Gender-inclusive organisations and gender-inclusive management and leadership should be non-negotiable. Business schools have ethical, social and economic imperatives for integrating gender inclusivity into their cultures and curricula.

The silence […]

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    To overcome gender bias, objective performance metrics are not enough

To overcome gender bias, objective performance metrics are not enough

It has been well established that men and women experience differences in access to social and financial capital, hiring outcomes, and performance evaluations more generally. One commonly cited explanation for these observed gender differences has to do with a lack of objective information. Specifically, in the absence of concrete information about quality or expected performance, evaluators have been found […]

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    Six practical actions for organisations to achieve gender balance

Six practical actions for organisations to achieve gender balance

We know that if a certain behaviour is not delivering a desired result, people will usually change this behaviour. If a marketing program is not effective, you do not continue to run it, you change it. If a part on a machine keeps failing, you do not keep using it, you replace it.

Sometimes, however, people do not alter their […]