Gender

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    Greek women rushed to look for work when the crisis left their husbands jobless

Greek women rushed to look for work when the crisis left their husbands jobless

Athens street scene, by Luigi Guarino, under a CC-BY-2.0 licence
The “added worker effect” hypothesis suggests that the wives of unemployed husbands increase their job-finding efforts in order to maintain the family’s standard of living (Gruber and Cullen, 2000; Stephens, 2002). We investigate this hypothesis in the Greek labour market, which is characterized by increased job separation rates (layoffs, contract termination, […]

Why do women avoid maths, even if it boosts their careers?

(No name) by Pixapopz, under a CC0 licence
Although the college gender gap has reversed, females are still under-represented in high-powered and high-paid careers as CEOs, Ph.D.s, and more generally in finance, business, science, technology, engineering, and maths (STEM) fields.

In a recent paper (Joensen and Nielsen, 2016), we assess three potential explanations for this inequality. First, are the labour market […]

Quotas have led to more women on corporate boards in Europe

A woman in a business meeting, by CDC/Dawn Arlotta acquired from Public Health Image Library, Public Domain licence
In the last decade, a number of countries adopted legislative actions to promote gender balanced representation on corporate boards. Norway was the first country to do so in 2003. Following the Norwegian example, some EU countries (Spain in 2007; Belgium, France, Italy […]

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    Women scientists differ in how they see the role of gender in their careers

Women scientists differ in how they see the role of gender in their careers

Biotechnology Research, by Idaho National Laboratory, under a CC-BY-2.0 licence
“I am a little more open, polished, quick-witted, talkative, a little … more arrogant, pushy… Moreover, I am a woman. That means, I have simply a lot more ambition, and I am substantially more communicative.”
This is Irene. She is a biochemist at a prestigious university for Science, Engineering and Technology. In […]

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    What Jeremy Corbyn should have said about the after-work pint

What Jeremy Corbyn should have said about the after-work pint

So here is what Jeremy Corbyn should have said: “Workplace cultures in which out-of-hours networking is key to professional success and career advancement indirectly discriminate against women because these networking practices exclude workers with caring responsibilities and the majority of those workers are still female.” I’m glad he didn’t say that. It would have got absolutely zero attention in […]

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    Are the days of leadership as command and control by white men numbered?

Are the days of leadership as command and control by white men numbered?

As my train rolls through the stunning Swiss landscape, I find myself distracted by three young women talking animatedly about coding, where they might do their PhDs and whether they might prefer to work in academia, banking or high tech. They’re on their way to a Nanobiotech conference while I’m on my way to an event on how men […]

When it’s not your job to be friendly with clients

Customer service outrage. The phrase instantly conjures up stories of customers being ripped off, mistreated and rudely dismissed by sales staff. Yet we rarely stop to consider a different side to the story and examine the experiences of the thousands of workers in retail and hospitality, who deal with offensive, intimidating and humiliating treatment from customers on a daily […]

Stop looking at her shoes!

Nineteenth century norms of respectability are alive and well for women elite leaders in the UK. Women leaders’ bodies and appearance are markers for their performance evaluations – both as credible leaders and as respectable women. This barrier, facing women at work, is not often talked about in organisations.

Respectable Business Femininity

Women in leadership face unique challenges relative to men. They […]

Are you ‘covering’ your identity at work?

Look around at your desk. Do you have a picture of your partner, your children, or your pet? Does it tell your colleagues a little about you and your life outside work or is it a neutral, blank canvas?

While there is much talk about ‘bringing your whole self to work’, what does it really mean? For many, it’s not […]

Women hold a mere 23% of board seats in Europe

When women started entering the workforce after the Second World War in greater numbers than ever before, it was assumed that, in time, the best and brightest would naturally rise to the top. However, 70 years on, women are still not represented in the upper echelons of the business world—holding just 22.7 per cent of board seats of the […]

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    Women are more likely than men to be appointed CEO of firms in crisis

Women are more likely than men to be appointed CEO of firms in crisis

Mounting evidence suggests that women leaders impact their organisations in positive ways. From innovation and profitability to consumer outreach and social responsibility, firms that promote women to top positions reap significant benefits. We also know a great deal about the factors that limit women’s advancement. But what about women who overcome the odds and ascend above the glass ceiling? […]

Broadcasting gives women visibility but not equality

The creative industries promise career opportunities for all: If you are creative, innovative, a good communicator, an ideas person and keen to join in a networked community of knowledge workers, you can make it here, allegedly. Because creativity, innovation and ideas know no race, class or gender, traditional social inequalities are not a problem.

Over the last few decades this […]

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    Men are targets of sexual harassment at work far more commonly than we assume

Men are targets of sexual harassment at work far more commonly than we assume

More than one in ten complaints of sexual harassment at work are reported by men. In a recent study, I found that the majority of cases (78.4 per cent) were female complaints against males. However, women were accused of sexually harassing men in 5 per cent of cases and men accused other men in 11 per cent of cases.

The […]

There’s a wage hierarchy based on sexual orientation

It is now well accepted that gender is a major source of differentiation in the labour market. On average women earn less than men, even when they have similar education, and work full-time and in identical occupations. Until recently, little information was available on how sexual orientation factored into people’s work experiences. The availability of new data has allowed […]

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    To improve women’s representation in business leadership, bring men on board

To improve women’s representation in business leadership, bring men on board

It’s no secret that men rule the boardrooms of the world—holding 88% of board seats worldwide and 92% of CEO positions.

Yet, research shows that gender diversity in business leadership is known to bring fresh thinking, more creativity and better decision making, as well as increased competitiveness and financial performance.  To succeed, companies must have the best pool of talent […]

Black women often suffer microaggressions at work

While people of colour have made significant gains in the workplace since US legislation made discrimination and segregation illegal, they continue to be underrepresented at executive levels in corporate America. This trend is particularly pervasive for black women who are fairly well represented at entry and middle-level management but make up only 1.2 percent of executive level officers of […]

Egg freezing has little to do with inflexible workplaces

As June Carbone and Naomi Cahn have put it, ambitious women currently engage ‘in what amounts to a reproductive game of chicken’. Delaying childbearing has many advantages, giving a woman time to both establish themselves in her career and secure a stable and comfortable home life, but at the same time, it increases the risk that she will not […]

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    Politically correct norms encourage creativity among mixed-sex work groups

Politically correct norms encourage creativity among mixed-sex work groups

People may associate political correctness with conformity but our research finds it also correlates with creativity in work settings. Imposing a PC norm into a work environment — a norm that sets clear expectations of how women and men should interact with each other — unexpectedly encourages creativity among mixed-sex work groups by reducing uncertainty in relationships.

The study highlights […]

Ten must-read books on gender in the workplace

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Unexplored Dimensions of Discrimination. Tito Boeri, Eleonora Patacchini and Giovanni Peri (eds). Oxford University Press. 2015.

What mechanisms serve to maintain the gender pay gap and other forms of discrimination in the labour market? This book provides a comprehensive, empirically-driven interrogation of various facets of discrimination through data obtained from the USA, Spain and Italy. Ria Ivandic welcomes it for opening […]

January 31st, 2016|Book Review, Gender|0 Comments|
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    Boards with many female directors take as many risks as more male-dominated ones

Boards with many female directors take as many risks as more male-dominated ones

Although companies are increasingly under social and legislative pressures to increase female representation in their boardrooms, research is far from conclusive with regards to the economic consequence of the increase in boardroom gender diversity.

An often-cited notion is that female directors may discourage risky firm policies. For example, Christine Lagarde, Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund and former Finance […]