Risk Management

  • canary_wharf_skyline
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    The risk culture in financial institutions needs fixing, but how?

The risk culture in financial institutions needs fixing, but how?

Canary Wharf Skyline, by David Iliff, under a CC-BY-SA-3.0 licence
In the aftermath of the financial crisis and other large scale corporate scandals, a large number of public inquires and documents written by regulators, consulting firms and professional associations drew attention to something that needs fixing: the risk culture of financial sector organisations (see, for example, publications by the International institute of Finance, the Financial […]

  • the domino effect
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    Untied to economic fluctuations, insurers are less likely to generate systemic risks

Untied to economic fluctuations, insurers are less likely to generate systemic risks

In a nutshell, macroprudential regulation is made up of two building blocks: surveillance and supervision. Surveillance is concerned with identifying, assessing and monitoring the build-up of systemic risks, i.e., those regarding the financial stability of a country or region. Supervision is aimed at preventing, mitigating and managing systemic risks.

A key lesson from the recent global financial crisis is that […]

  • airplanes
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    Why airplanes take off and land safely despite all the risks

Why airplanes take off and land safely despite all the risks

You are sitting on an airplane, enjoying the end of a flight back home. The flight lands ok, the pilot and crew thank you for choosing airline X – persuasively saying that they look forward to seeing you again on board – the doors open ok and you can happily disembark the aircraft. It happens for thousands of flights […]

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    Institutions that settle market transactions need strong corporate governance

Institutions that settle market transactions need strong corporate governance

There have been a variety of systemically important banking issues making the headlines since the global recession of 2008, but the challenge to mitigating credit risk during settlement seems to be a constant frontrunner. This article discusses the importance of effective liquidity management, particularly from the sphere of timely payment settlement via financial market utilities (FMUs), defined as “multilateral systems that […]

  • bitcoin
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    While Bitcoin is virtual, the rewards and risks are very real

While Bitcoin is virtual, the rewards and risks are very real

Technology and finance have always gone together. So what’s new this time around? Virtual currencies are part of a broader tech revolution that is driving fundamental change in the global economy.

While the money is virtual, the rewards and the risks are very real. It boils down to this: how best to encourage financial innovation while regulating to protect consumers […]

  • Bento Rodrigues
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    An environmental disaster in Brazil raises highly problematic risk and regulation issues

An environmental disaster in Brazil raises highly problematic risk and regulation issues

The bursting of the dam in Mariana in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais on 5 November 2015 has generated considerable headlines. The dam containing the tailings of the Fundão iron-ore mine caused at least 16 fatalities, displaced hundreds, disrupted water supplies and caused considerable environmental and ecological damage. It also had potential devastating economic and social impacts on […]

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    When managing risk, overconfident managers don’t always follow the fundamentals

When managing risk, overconfident managers don’t always follow the fundamentals

Why and how firms hedge has been an area of interest in corporate finance for a long time. The traditional notion of hedging is matching one risk with an opposing risk. Gains on the hedge offset the losses on the position otherwise exposed to price uncertainty, making the resulting cash flow volatility lower. The traditional theories of corporate risk […]

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    Friday timing plus social media multipliers may mean Paris attacks have more impacts on markets

Friday timing plus social media multipliers may mean Paris attacks have more impacts on markets

Until recently, the lamentations (right, wrong or simply irrational) of the world’s discontent were only a nuisance to the status-quo. The proliferation of social media, however, has facilitated the dissemination of irrational ideas. A notion which required generations to gain traction is now instantaneously impressed on the minds of numerous, ready and willing subjects throughout distant lands. As a […]

  • Parmalat
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    Business groups manage credit risk by reshuffling resources amongst units

Business groups manage credit risk by reshuffling resources amongst units

Business groups constitute a common way for ultimate owners to exercise control over a large number of companies while containing their risk exposure to different parts of the business through limited liability. In countries with underdeveloped financial infrastructures, these groups overcome difficulties in accessing external finance by reshuffling funds within the corporate structure.

Group bankruptcies tend to be large (e.g., Global […]

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    Large EU banks have remained undercapitalised for long stretches of time

Large EU banks have remained undercapitalised for long stretches of time

The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) has designed complex rules for defining sufficient capital at internationally active financial institutions. Pillar II of the Basel Accord requires national supervisors to assure continuous compliance with capital standards, which require a minimum ratio of the book value of equity capital to a bank’s risky assets. An adequate Tier 1 capital ratio […]

  • crowd at the movies
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    Hollywood studios appear to plan sequels before they produce the original movie

Hollywood studios appear to plan sequels before they produce the original movie

The recent box office success of Jurassic World, the latest Jurassic Park sequel, reminded me of my study about the use of real options in the motion picture industry*, which examined the application of this accounting tool to movie sequels.

A real option is the right, but not the obligation, to undertake a business decision. More importantly, a real-options approach to […]