Alexandre Afonso

  • Permalink Gallery

    If the UK wants to cut immigration, it must change its model of capitalism

If the UK wants to cut immigration, it must change its model of capitalism

The British economy is structurally dependent on migrant workers because it is lightly regulated and depends heavily on domestic demand, write Alexandre Afonso and Camilla Devitt. They explain why less immigration will require a greater role for the state.

The desire to lower immigration was one of the main drivers behind the Brexit vote. Now, Theresa May’s cabinet has signaled […]

Print Friendly
Share
  • Permalink Gallery

    Projecting vote transfers in the second round of the French presidential election

Projecting vote transfers in the second round of the French presidential election

Marine Le Pen and Emmanuel Macron have advanced to the second round of the French presidential election, but which candidate will supporters of losing candidates such as François Fillon, Jean-Luc Mélenchon and Benoît Hamon back in the run-off vote? Using updated polling, Alexandre Afonso illustrates where the votes are likely to go, with Emmanuel Macron standing to benefit most […]

Print Friendly
Share
  • Permalink Gallery

    Academic labour markets in Europe vary widely in openness and job security

Academic labour markets in Europe vary widely in openness and job security

Having examined the organisation of Europe’s academic labour markets, Alexandre Afonso outlines the main differences between countries across the continent. There is greatest variance in two particular areas: the extent to which academic labour markets are open to outsiders, and the job security they provide for recent PhD graduates. This has obvious consequences for the mobility of academics across Europe […]

Print Friendly
Share
  • Permalink Gallery

    Why the next Portuguese election will not see the surge of a left-wing challenger like Podemos or Syriza

Why the next Portuguese election will not see the surge of a left-wing challenger like Podemos or Syriza

Portugal was one of the countries hardest hit by the Eurozone crisis, yet in contrast to countries such as Greece and Spain, there has been no sharp rise in support for radical left or anti-establishment parties. Ahead of the next Portuguese legislative election on 4 October, Alexandre Afonso writes that there are a number of possible reasons why a […]

Print Friendly
Share
  • Permalink Gallery

    Lower levels of clientelism in Portuguese politics explain why Portugal handled austerity better than Greece during the crisis

Lower levels of clientelism in Portuguese politics explain why Portugal handled austerity better than Greece during the crisis

Greece and Portugal were two of the worst hit countries by the Eurozone crisis, yet the domestic political reaction within each state was notably different. While in Greece there were difficulties agreeing to austerity policies and the party system underwent substantial change; Portuguese parties negotiated a broad political consensus over reforms and the mainstream parties largely retained their support […]

Print Friendly
Share
  • Permalink Gallery

    In spite of their electoral success, populist parties remain disconnected from other parties domestically and transnationally

In spite of their electoral success, populist parties remain disconnected from other parties domestically and transnationally

The European Parliament elections in May saw a number of populist, far-right and Eurosceptic parties gain representation. Alexandre Afonso writes that despite their success, the majority of these parties remain disconnected from other parties at the national and European levels. Presenting a network of European parties, he illustrates that those on the Eurosceptic-right and radical-left are still largely isolated […]

Print Friendly
Share

The return of immigration quotas could severely challenge Switzerland’s relationship with the European Union

On Sunday, Switzerland will hold a referendum on creating immigration quotas for all foreign nationals, including those from the European Union. Alexandre Afonso assesses the politics behind the proposal, which has been driven largely by the Swiss People’s Party. He writes that if the ‘yes’ campaign is successful, implementing immigration quotas would present a serious problem for Switzerland’s relationship with […]

Print Friendly
Share

How academia resembles a drug gang

Academic systems rely on the existence of a supply of “outsiders” ready to forgo wages and employment security in exchange for the prospect of uncertain security, prestige, freedom and reasonably high salaries that tenured positions entail. Drawing on data from the US, Germany and the UK, Alexandre Afonso looks at how the academic job market is structured in many respects […]

Print Friendly
Share

Southern Europe should consider an economic ‘third way’ to tackle unemployment and inequality

Several countries across Europe have experienced persistent problems with unemployment since the start of the financial crisis. Alexandre Afonso writes that southern European countries are faced with a choice between adopting either Anglo-Saxon style market liberalisation or Nordic style welfare spending as part of their response to the problem. Seeing neither as a feasible option, he proposes an alternative strategy […]

Print Friendly
Share

Why Portuguese parties have survived austerity, whereas Greek parties failed

Greece and Portugal have been two of the hardest hit countries by the Eurozone crisis, however the political consequences of the crisis have been radically different in each state. While the economic problems in Greece led to the country’s two major political parties losing substantial support, Portugal’s largest parties have largely retained their appeal. Alexandre Afonso assesses the reasons behind […]

Print Friendly
Share

Book Review: Europe’s Immigration Challenge: Reconciling Work, Welfare and Mobility

Debates over immigration in Europe have intensified since the start of the Eurozone crisis. This book compiles a number of contributions on the effect of immigration on European economies and welfare states. Alexandre Afonso finds the chapters to vary significantly in quality, but argues that taken as a whole, the book provides a good integrated overview of the challenges that […]

Print Friendly
Share

Portugal is the pupil that gets good grades for learning bad lessons

While the negotiations over Cyprus’s bailout agreement have been extremely controversial, this month also saw the EU and IMF relax the terms of their financial assistance to Portugal. Alexandre Afonso details some of the main reasons why Portugal has been treated much more leniently in negotiations. Despite falling short of economic targets, the country has been praised for its determination […]

Print Friendly
Share

The eurozone crisis has increased demand for cheap labour across Europe. However, the return of EU internal migration controls is unlikely.

Rather than reducing labour migration flows within the European Union, the economic crisis seems to have amplified them. Alexandre Afonso argues that the return of internal migration controls within the EU is unlikely, and that domestic battles about the regulation of migrant employment may give rise to surprising alliances. Many had expected that the economic crisis would reduce labour migration […]

Print Friendly
Share