Mass demonstrations were held in Tunisia on 29 March to protest against terrorism following the attack at the Bardo Museum that killed 22 people. The attack prompted the European Council to issue a statement in which it committed the European Union to pursue greater co-operation with Tunisia to help combat terrorism and strengthen the country’s social and economic development. […]
The Arab Spring constitutes perhaps the most far-reaching political and economic transition since the end of communism in Europe. For too long, the economic aspirations of the people in the region, especially young people, have been ignored by leaders in Arab countries and abroad. The authors of this book argue that significant economic reforms must accompany the major political transitions that […]
Cross-Mediterranean economic and political relationships must be rebalanced to include all of Europe.
In the wake of the Arab Spring the European Union (EU) is eager to foster closer relations with North Africa and the Middle East. Georg Zachmann,Mimi Tam and Lucia Granelli look at the EU’s current policy initiatives and assess which measures countries should undertake to help the economies of the Southern Mediterranean. Europe and the Southern Mediterranean Countries (SMCs: Algeria, […]
Diplomacy is the only real way forward in the Syrian conflict. Military intervention could make the situation even worse.
With the failure of the Annan Plan in Syria, the situation looks increasingly bleak. But Syria in 2012 is very different from Libya in 2011, and Western leaders should resist the temptation for military intervention writes Chris Brown. Instead of calling for intervention, leaders like François Hollande need to support the diplomacy of the Arab League and other non-Western countries. […]
In the upcoming elections, Egyptians have been given a non-choice between candidates that are both likely to uphold the neoliberal policies of the past two decades.
Nearly a third of all Egyptians live below the poverty line, and the unemployment rate is as high as 25%. As part of EUROPP’s coverage of the European neighbourhood, Jason Hickel argues that the Freedom and Justice Party is set to reproduce more of those policies which led to the country’s economic demise; Egypt’s deregulated market capitalism only benefits the […]
The European Neighbourhood Policy has failed because of its own contradictions and small budget. But the Arab spring offers a renewed opportunity for the EU to reinvigorate the programme.
For many, the Arab Spring graphically illustrated the European Neighbourhood Policy’s failure in its aims to promote security and prosperity in the European neighbourhood, and that it should now be disbanded. Julian Kirchherr argues that the new democracies emerging in some Arab Spring countries offer an opportunity for the reinvention of the policy if the European Union continues to increase its budget […]
The European External Action Service still suffers from design flaws. However, the Euro crisis now offers a chance for a re-start.
The European External Action Service has recently been under fire from many commentators. Stefan Lehne from Carnegie Europe explains what its critics believe needs to change and argues that a solution to the Euro crisis would also strengthen Europe’s foreign policy. The European Union is currently going through one of the most difficult periods of its existence. While the focus […]
Five minutes with Timothy Reno of the International Policy and Leadership Institute: “Transformation and consolidation of changes in the Arab Spring countries takes time.”
The International Policy and Leadership Institute (IPLI) is a platform for policy-makers and students to interact and learn from each other. Timothy Reno founded the institute in 2010. Since its launch, IPLI has been particularly involved in building capacity in the Arab Spring countries. In an interview with EUROPP editors Chris Gilson and Julian Kirchherr, Reno argues that the international […]
What role can the European Union play in the Arab awakening? Julien Barnes-Dacey argues that the case of Bashar al-Assad shows that short of military intervention Europe maintains a limited ability to shape its Southern neighbourhood. For the time being it remains a fairly insignificant political actor in the unfolding Syria crisis. If the example of Libya served to bolster […]
By building up the private sector and free market economies, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development will help to foster democracy in the Arab Spring countries.
In his second article, Thomas Mirow, President of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) argues that one of the most pressing economic problems in the Arab Spring countries is the lack of an independent and competitive private sector. With cautious privatization and the building up of the free market economy, the EBRD hopes to foster democracy by building up […]
Twenty years after assisting former communist countries after the fall of the Berlin Wall, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development faces new challenges in helping the emerging democracies of the Arab Spring
Set up to support former communist countries in their transitions to the free market, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development now faces a renewed mandate to assist the Arab Spring countries in their path to democracy and free markets. In the first of two blogs, Thomas Mirow, President of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, warns that despite the […]
Despite its costs and limited effectiveness, the European Neighbourhood Policy’s symbolic commitment to engage beyond the EU may mean that it is doomed to survive.
Set up to promote security and prosperity in the EU’s neighbors, the European Neighbourhood Policy has struggled in recent years to cope with the pace of change in the region. Giulia Pastorella argues that recent events such as the Arab Spring illustrate the ineffectiveness of the policy, with many countries making little progress. While reform is badly needed, budget squeezes, […]