Romania

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    Romania may have the most to lose from Moldova’s presidential election

Romania may have the most to lose from Moldova’s presidential election

Moldova is due to hold presidential elections on 30 October. Alexandru Damian examines what the implications of the election may be for Romania, which has previously expressed support for the current Moldovan government. He suggests that with the government’s preferred candidate facing a challenge to make the second round of the contest, supporting Maia Sandu from the Action and […]

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    Mergers and splits: How party systems have changed in Central and Eastern Europe since 1990

Mergers and splits: How party systems have changed in Central and Eastern Europe since 1990

The party systems of Central and Eastern Europe are generally viewed as being less stable than those in Western Europe, with a greater level of volatility in terms of the parties that compete in successive elections. But how has this picture changed since 1990? Using a new dataset covering 11 countries, Raimondas Ibenskas and Allan Sikk outline some of […]

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    Book Review: British Clandestine Activities in Romania During the Second World War by Dennis Deletant

Book Review: British Clandestine Activities in Romania During the Second World War by Dennis Deletant

In British Clandestine Activities in Romania During the Second World War, Dennis Deletant attends to the relationship between Britain and Romania preceding and during World War II. The book illustrates the international context of the period, while outlining the cultural and diplomatic relations between these two countries. This is a necessary and valuable contribution to the history of Romania that should serve […]

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    Romania’s local elections: Why has the ‘old guard’ done so well?

Romania’s local elections: Why has the ‘old guard’ done so well?

The fall of Victor Ponta’s PSD government in November 2015 was supposed to usher in a new era of politics for Romania. However, local elections held on 5 June resulted in victories for the PSD across the country, including in Bucharest, with several politicians who are either under investigation, or even (in one case) currently in jail, being elected. […]

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    On different tracks: Bulgaria and Romania under the Cooperation and Verification Mechanism

On different tracks: Bulgaria and Romania under the Cooperation and Verification Mechanism

Romania and Bulgaria both joined the EU in 2007 and became subject to an ad hoc tool, the ‘Cooperation and Verification Mechanism’ (CVM), which was created by the European Commission to evaluate the progress of the two countries. Today, however, there is a growing gap between the two states: while Commission officials have suggested the possibility of Romania graduating out […]

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In the Balkans, investors operate within a devil’s circle

Promoting entrepreneurship is often viewed as a key component for generating growth in the transition economies of eastern Europe. Tim Vorley and Nick Williams write that tackling corruption has an important role in this process. Drawing on recent research in Bulgaria and Romania, they assess the challenges posed by corruption for entrepreneurs in the region, noting that the issue […]

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    Governing a dysfunctional state: The challenges facing Romania’s new technocratic government

Governing a dysfunctional state: The challenges facing Romania’s new technocratic government

Following the resignation of Romania’s Prime Minister, Victor Ponta, a new ‘technocratic’ government led by former European Commissioner Dacian Cioloș entered office on 17 November. Neculai-Cristian Surubaru assesses some of the key challenges facing the new government. He argues the government may have a limited window of opportunity to implement reforms, but that it is becoming increasingly clear Romania’s […]

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    Romania’s coming of age: How the transition generation could push Romania toward real political change

Romania’s coming of age: How the transition generation could push Romania toward real political change

Romania’s Prime Minister, Victor Ponta, resigned on 4 November following a deadly fire in a nightclub in Bucharest. Following the resignation, a new ‘technocratic’ government led by Dacian Cioloș entered office on 17 November. Cristian Nitoiu writes that the recent developments in Romania have coincided with the political coming of age of the country’s ‘transition generation’. He argues that […]

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    Romania’s politics on fire: Why Victor Ponta resigned and what it means for the country

Romania’s politics on fire: Why Victor Ponta resigned and what it means for the country

A tragic accident at a Bucharest nightclub resulted in 32 people losing their lives and triggered a series of events that culminated in the resignation of Romanian Prime Minister Victor Ponta on 4 November. Ponta was already under significant pressure to quit following corruption allegations, but had resisted handing in his resignation until now. Why this change of heart? […]

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    European views on the UK’s renegotiation: Romania, Denmark, Belgium and Luxembourg

European views on the UK’s renegotiation: Romania, Denmark, Belgium and Luxembourg

The success or failure of David Cameron’s planned renegotiation of the UK’s EU membership will depend to a large extent on how the other 27 EU member states respond to his proposals. But how do countries across the EU view the UK’s renegotiation? Building on a report published in 2014 by the German Council on Foreign Relations, EUROPP is […]

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    Romania’s party system remains in flux ahead of next year’s local and parliamentary elections

Romania’s party system remains in flux ahead of next year’s local and parliamentary elections

In the last eight months Romania has experienced a surprise victory for Klaus Iohannis in the country’s presidential election, and a major political crisis following corruption allegations against incumbent Prime Minister Victor Ponta. Mihnea Stoica writes that ahead of local and parliamentary elections scheduled for 2016, Romania’s party system is now in flux, with a lack of ideological clarity […]

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    The corruption charges levelled at Victor Ponta have triggered a major political crisis in Romania

The corruption charges levelled at Victor Ponta have triggered a major political crisis in Romania

Romanian Prime Minister Victor Ponta has been charged with corruption, following a long-running investigation. Daniel Brett writes on the likely consequences of the charges, with Ponta resigning from the leadership of his governing Social Democratic Party (PSD), but refusing to vacate the office of Prime Minister. He argues that the early signs are the PSD intend to use the […]

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    Romania’s anti-corruption drive might still fall short of cleaning up the country’s politics

Romania’s anti-corruption drive might still fall short of cleaning up the country’s politics

In recent months an anti-corruption drive, led by public prosecutor Laura Kövesi, has resulted in numerous high profile politicians and business figures being arrested in Romania. Daniel Brett writes on the roots of Romania’s corruption problem, noting that while many have attempted to draw a link to the country’s Communist past, the existence of several cases involving politicians who were […]

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    Following a tense election campaign, Romania’s new President must work to heal the divisions within the country’s party system

Following a tense election campaign, Romania’s new President must work to heal the divisions within the country’s party system

On 16 November, Klaus Iohannis was elected as the next President of Romania, defeating the country’s Prime Minister, Victor Ponta, in what many observers saw as a surprise result. Clara Volintiru writes that Romanian politics is now at a crossroads, with deep divisions between parties and widespread mistrust of politicians likely to lead to a recalibration of the country’s […]

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    Internal party struggles will form the backdrop to Romania’s presidential election in November

Internal party struggles will form the backdrop to Romania’s presidential election in November

Romania will hold presidential elections in November, with the country’s centre-left Prime Minister, Victor Ponta, currently ahead in the polls. Roxana Mihaila writes that the main dynamic in the campaign so far has been an intra-party struggle on the centre-right over the candidate chosen to run against Ponta, with Romania’s incumbent President Traian Basescu unable to stand for a […]

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    The Ukraine crisis has complicated Moldova’s political situation ahead of signing an Association Agreement with the EU

The Ukraine crisis has complicated Moldova’s political situation ahead of signing an Association Agreement with the EU

Moldova is scheduled to sign an Association Agreement with the EU later this month, with Parliamentary elections also due to be held in November. Ellie Knott and David Rinnert write on the impact the Ukraine crisis has had on domestic politics and Moldova’s delicate balance between the EU and Russia. They argue that the crisis has complicated the country’s […]

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    Bulgaria and Macedonia would be hardest hit by a suspension of Russian gas exports through Ukraine

Bulgaria and Macedonia would be hardest hit by a suspension of Russian gas exports through Ukraine

One of the great concerns for EU states over the on-going situation in Crimea is their reliance on Russian gas to meet their energy demands, with around 60 per cent of these imports being delivered through pipelines in Ukraine. Jack Sharples and Andy Judge provide a comprehensive assessment of what the impact would be if the transit routes via […]

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    The European Parliament elections in Romania will highlight the deep divisions within the country’s political system

The European Parliament elections in Romania will highlight the deep divisions within the country’s political system

The European Parliament elections in Romania will be held alongside a constitutional referendum, and ahead of Presidential elections in November. Clara Volintiru writes that while the elections will serve as a ‘dress rehearsal’ for the Presidential elections later in the year, they will potentially have wider significance for Romanian democracy. She argues that given the fragile governing coalition and continuous […]

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EU freedom of movement is coming under increasing pressure in the UK and other European states

EU citizens have the right to live and work in any other EU state. As Roxana Barbulescu writes, however, this principle of freedom of movement has come under pressure from a number of recent developments. Focusing on the UK, she notes that while there are substantial economic benefits from freedom of movement, there is now growing support for putting restrictions […]

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The dispute over the Rosia Montana mining project represents an opportunity to reshape Romania’s sustainable development policy

Earlier this month, a Romanian Parliamentary Commission rejected the controversial Rosia Montana law, intended to allow the largest gold-mining project in Europe. Simona Manea argues that the issue represents an important opportunity to push for sustainable development policies in Romania. She also notes that the protest movement that has emerged in response to the mining project has the potential to […]

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