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    Spain’s labour market and social reforms have exacerbated the country’s unemployment problem

Spain’s labour market and social reforms have exacerbated the country’s unemployment problem

Spain was one of the countries hardest hit by the Eurozone crisis. Vincent Navarro writes on labour market and social reforms which have taken place within the country as part of the response to the crisis. He argues that policies aimed at deregulating the labour market have done little to solve Spain’s unemployment problem and have been more geared […]

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    Persistent unemployment poses a substantive threat to democracy in Southern European countries

Persistent unemployment poses a substantive threat to democracy in Southern European countries

The purpose of competitive elections is to reward good politicians and punish bad ones, but what happens if elections can no longer fulfil this role? Diego Muro and Guillem Vidal write that developments in Southern European countries since the start of the financial crisis have undermined the legitimising role of elections. Suffering from persistent unemployment rates, citizens’ frustration has […]

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Despite high employment rates, Germany is also experiencing increasing poverty among its citizens

While Southern European states have experienced intense economic problems since the start of the financial crisis, the German economy has generally been viewed as comparatively healthy. Mark Esposito argues that beyond positive figures such as the high rate of employment within the country, Germany is not the robust model of economic health which it has been portrayed as. He notes […]

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The state of the UK economy: Diagnosis, prognosis and recommended treatment

The UK economy has experienced a prolonged period of weakness over the last five years. John Van Reenen writes that the real problems for the UK are inadequate long-run investment in infrastructure, innovation and human capital. He argues that what Britain needs is an independent infrastructure body to recommend and deliver national infrastructure projects. Unfortunately, short-term expediency has once again […]

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Southern Europe should consider an economic ‘third way’ to tackle unemployment and inequality

Several countries across Europe have experienced persistent problems with unemployment since the start of the financial crisis. Alexandre Afonso writes that southern European countries are faced with a choice between adopting either Anglo-Saxon style market liberalisation or Nordic style welfare spending as part of their response to the problem. Seeing neither as a feasible option, he proposes an alternative strategy […]

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Left-wing parties in Western Europe gain votes when unemployment rises, but only when they are in opposition.

How does a rise in unemployment affect support for left-wing parties? As Ruth Dassonneville and Michael S. Lewis-Beck write, left-wing parties might be expected to gain support during periods of rising unemployment as they effectively ‘own’ the issue in the eyes of the electorate. However, this effect may be complicated when left-wing parties are in government, as incumbent parties tend […]

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