Policy & Practice

Strengthening rural value chains in Latin America

By Ramón Padilla-Pérez (UN-ECLAC)

Global actors can interact along local value chains through international trade and foreign direct investment flows, writes Ramón Padilla-Pérez. By leveraging the value chain approach for rural areas, recent policies have led to economic and social upgrading in Latin America.

Latin American countries in general have seen a revival of industrial policies in recent years, amid a […]

February 5th, 2018|Policy & Practice|0 Comments|

The geography of African investment

By Ronald Wall (IHS, Wits)

In recent years, foreign direct investment (FDI) has steadily increased towards the Global South. Africa can take advantage of this trend to promote Africa’s growth potential and drive more inclusive economic growth, writes Ronald Wall. African cities will play a key role in this process by better integrating Africa within global investment systems. This article […]

How to promote inward investment and exports

By Henry Overman (LSE)

With Brexit looming, the What Works Centre for Local Economic Growth has been running a series of workshops with local areas to think about different policy responses and consider what the evidence says on effectiveness, writes Henry Overman. One thing that local areas wanted to know was what the evaluation evidence said on export support and […]

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    Global Value Chains Analysis: A Tool to Promote Economic Development

Global Value Chains Analysis: A Tool to Promote Economic Development

 By Gary Gereffi (left) and Karina Fernandez-Stark (right), Duke University GVC Centre

Global Value Chain (GVC) research can play an important role in addressing key development and competitiveness issues, write Gary Gereffi and Karina Fernandez-Stark. It allows one to understand where, how, and by whom economic, social and environmental value is created and distributed. Various stakeholders can use the results of a […]

October 30th, 2017|Policy & Practice|0 Comments|

Brexit means inward investment to the UK will fall

  By David Bailey (Aston, left), Nigel Driffield (Warwick, centre), and Michail Karoglou (Aston, right).

Supply chains cross borders many times before components go into a final product in any EU country, write David Bailey, Nigel Driffield, and Michail Karoglou. When the UK leaves the Single Market, it will be a less attractive destination for firms wanting to coordinate their resources. […]

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    Innovation and the City: The quest for membership of an exclusive club

Innovation and the City: The quest for membership of an exclusive club

By Riccardo Crescenzi (LSE, left), Arnaud Dyèvre (LSE, centre), and Frank Neffke (Harvard, right).

Innovation is the motor of long-term economic growth, fostering wealth and prosperity. However, world cities and regions are extremely unequal in their potential to innovate. While some cities and regions generate most of the world patents and concentrate most of R&D spending, the vast […]

Recent trends in the internationalisation of Business R&D

By Bernhard Dachs (AIT, left) and Georg Zahradnik (AIT, right).

The internationalisation of private investments in Research and Development has been a major development within the globalisation of innovation over the past three decades. While multinational enterprises (MNEs) used to carry most of their R&D activities in their home countries, R&D investments by MNEs abroad now account for around 28% of all […]

Connect or Perish! FDI and the resilience of EU regions

 By Riccardo Crescenzi and Simona Iammarino, LSE, department of Geography and Environment.

Corporate networks have dramatically altered regional connectivity and interdependence around the world. Multinational enterprises’ (MNE) networks have created both winning and lagging cities in a globalised world, spurring uneven regional development. For regions and cities access to internal and external knowledge is not about simple regional connectedness – i.e. the architecture […]

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    Mind the gap! How European cities and regions can unlock new investments by cutting their distance with emerging economies

Mind the gap! How European cities and regions can unlock new investments by cutting their distance with emerging economies

As the amount of FDIs from emerging economies is rapidly growing, European cities need to adopt new strategies to attracts these investments. With a clear understanding of what motivates these firms to invest in Europe, both a post-Brexit UK and continental Europe have the potential to convert FDIs from emerging economies into growth, jobs and innovation, Riccardo Crescenzi and […]

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    How openess could boost innovation in Russian regions and cities

How openess could boost innovation in Russian regions and cities

By Alexander Jaax, LSE

Despite its relatively advanced technological position after the collapse of the Soviet Union and substantial investments in research and development (R&D), Russia’s innovative performance remains astonishingly low. Amidst concerns over natural resource dependence, innovation has moved up the political agenda in recent years. International connectivity is of pivotal importance to the creation of new knowledge in […]