The Impact of the Social Sciences: How academics and their work make a difference


This online version of our bibliography will be kept updated so we have included links to any free or open access versions of publications, where they are available. If we have missed any, do let us know.


Abramo, Giovanni and D’Angelo, Ciriaco A (2010) ‘Evaluating research: from informed peer review to bibliometrics’, Scientometrics, 87, 499-514.

Abreu, Maria, Grinevitch, Vadim, Hughes, Alan and Kitson, Michael (2008) ‘Knowledge Exchange between Academics and the Business, Public, and Third Sectors. A report by the UK Innovation Research Centre ‘. Cambridge: Centre for Business Research, Cambridge University.

Adler, Nancy J and Harzing, Anne-Wil (2009), ‘When Knowledge Wins: Transcending the Sense and Nonsense of Academic Rankings’, Academy of Management & Education, 8 (1), 72-95.

Anderson, Chris (2006), The Long Tail: Why the Future of Business Is Selling Less of More. New York: Hyperion.

— (2009), Free: The Future of a Radical Price (New York: Hyperion).

Ansoff, H Igor (1986) ‘The pathology of applied research in social science’, in F Heller (ed.), The Use and Abuse of Social Science. London: Sage Publications, 19-23.

Archambault, Eric and Vignola Gagne, Etienne (2004), ‘The use of bibliometrics in the social sciences and humanities’. Report prepared by Science Metrix for the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRCC) (Quebec, Science Metrix).

Arendt, Hannah (1978) The Life of the Mind. London: Secker & Warburg.

Auden, WH (1946) Another Time: The poems of W.H. Auden. New York: Random House.

Bachmann, Reinhard and Zaheer, Ackbar (2008) Handbook of Trust Research. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Bar-Ilan, Judit, Haustein, Stefanie, Peters, Isabella, Priem, Jason, Shema, Hadas and Terliesner, Jens (2012), ‘Beyond citations: Scholars’ visibility on the social Web’, Paper presented to the 17th International Conference on Science and Technology Indicators. Montreal, Canada, 5-8th September.

Bastow, Simon, Dunleavy, Patrick and Tinkler, Jane (2014) ‘The Impact of the Social Sciences: research design and methods report’. London: LSE Public Policy Group.

Bate, Walter Jackson and Strauss, Albrecht B (eds) (1968) The Rambler. By Samuel Johnson. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.

Becker, Gary (1983) ‘A Theory of Competition Among Pressure Groups for Political Influence’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 98, 371-400.

Besley, Tim and Ghatak, Maitreesh (2003) ‘Incentives, Choices, and Accountability in the Provision of Public Services’, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 19 (2), 235-49.

BIS (2011) ‘International Comparative Performance of the UK Research Base 2011’. A report prepared for the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills. London: Department of Business, Innovation and Skills.

BIS (2013) ‘International Comparative Performance of the UK Research Base 2013.’ A report prepared for the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills. London: UK Department of Business, Innovation and Skills.

Bishop, Dorothy (2012) ‘How to bury your academic writing’Impact of Social Sciences blog, 29 August 2012. Also:

Black, M. (1962) Models and Metaphors: Studies in Language and Philosophy. Ithaca IL: Cornell University Press.

Blake, William (1908) The Poetical Works of William Blake, edited by John Sampson. London, New York: Oxford University Press;, 2011.

Blond, Philip (2013) ‘Britain needs to think bigger: Looking at structural problems that can blinker academic innovation’The World Today, 69 (5).

Boulding, Kenneth E (1966) The Impact of the Social Sciences. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Bower, D Jane (1992) Company and campus partnership: Supporting technology transfer. London & New York: Routledge.

Box, Gregory (1966) ‘Use and Abuse of Regression’, Technometrics, 8, 625-629.

Boyer, Ernest L (1997) Scholarship Reconsidered: Priorities of the Professoriate. London: John Wiley & Sons.

Boyle, James (2008) The Public Domain: enclosing the commons of the mind. New Haven CT: Yale University Press.

Brabazon, Tara (2010) ‘How not to write a PhD thesis’Times Higher Education, 28 January 2010.

Brembs, Björn (2011) ‘High impact factors are meant to represent strong citation rates, but these journal impact factors are more effective at predicting a paper’s retraction rate’LSE Impact of Social Sciences blog, 19 December 2011.

Brembs, Björn, Button, Katherine, and Munafo, Marcus (2013) ‘Deep impact: unintended consequences of journal rank’, Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7 (291), 1-12.

British Academy (BA) (2007) Peer Review: the challenges for the humanities and social sciencesLondon: The British Academy.

— (2008) ‘Maximizing the social, policy and economic impacts of research in the humanities and social sciences’, A report by the LSE Public Policy Group for the British Academy. London: LSE Public Policy Group.

Buchanan, M. (2000) Ubiquity. London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson.

Burrows, Roger (2011) ‘Living with the H-index? Metrics, Markets, and Affect in the Contemporary Academy’. Working paper.

Butler, Linda and McAllister, Ian (2009) ‘Metrics of Peer Review? Evaluating the 2001 UK Research Assessment Exercise in Political Science’, Political Studies Review, 7 (1), 3-17.

— (2011) ‘Evaluating University Research Performance Using Metrics’, European Political Science, 10, 44-58.

Cairney, Paul (2013) ‘Making Sense of Policymaking: why it’s always someone else’s fault and nothing ever changes,’ Paul Cairney blog, 4 June.

Calhoun, Craig (2008) ‘Social Science for Public Knowledge’, In: Eliaeson, Sven and Kalleberg, Ragnvald, (eds.) Academics as public intellectuals. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Cambridge Econometrics (2014) ‘Assessing the Impacts of Academic Social Science Research: Modelling the economic impact on the UK economy of UK-based academic social science research’. A report by Cambridge Econometrics on behalf of the LSE Public Policy Group. Cambridge: Cambridge Econometrics.

Caplan, Nathan, Morrison, Andrea, and Stambaugh, Russell (1975) The Use of Social Science Knowledge in Policy Decisions at National Level. Ann Arbor MI: University of Michigan.

Carey, John (2012) The Intellectuals and the Masses: Pride and Prejudice Among the Literary Intelligentsia 1880-1939. London: Faber and Faber.

Carley, Michael (1980) Rational Techniques in Policy AnalysisLondon: Heinemann Educational Books.

Chesterton, GK (1915) ‘The Fallacy of Success’, All Things Considered (London: Methuen).

— (1917) A Short History of England (London : Chatto & Windus).

Christakis, Nicholas (2013) ‘Let’s Shake Up the Social Sciences’New York Times Sunday Review, 19 July.

Collins, HM (2001) ‘Tacit Knowledge, Trust, and the Q of Sapphire’, Social Studies of Science, 31, 71-85.

Collins, Harry (2010) Tacit and Explicit Knowledge. Chicago IL: University of Chicago Press.

Collins, Harry and Evans, Robert (2008) Rethinking Expertise. Chicago IL: University of Chicago Press.

Collins, Randall (1994) ‘Why the social sciences won’t become high-consensus, rapid-discovery

science’, Sociological Forum, 9, 155–177.

Corley, Elizabeth A and Sabharwal, Meghna (2010) ‘Scholarly collaboration and productivity patterns in public administration: Analysing recent trends’, Public Administration 88 (3), 627-48.

CSTS (2007) ‘Scoping study on the use of bibliometric analysis to measure the quality of research in UK higher education institutions’. Report to HEFCE by the Centre for Science and Technology Studies, Leiden University. Leiden: Leiden University.

— (2008) ‘Development of Bibliometric Indicators of Research Quality’. A report to HEFCE by the Centre for Science and Technology Studies, Leiden University. Leiden: Leiden University.

Cukier, Kenneth and Mayer-Schonberger, Viktor (2013) Big Data: A Revolution That Will Transform How We Live, Work and Think. London: Hodder and Stoughton.

Cusumano, Michael A (2010) Staying Power: Six Enduring Principles for Managing Strategy and Innovation in an Uncertain World. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Debray, Régis (1981) Teachers, writers, celebrities: The intellectuals of modern France. London: New Left Book.

DORA (2012) ‘San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment’. San Francisco CA: American Society for Cell Biology.

Douglas, Mary (1986) How institutions think? Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.

Downs, Anthony (1972) ‘Up and Down with Ecology: The ‘Issue-Attention’ Cycle’, The Public Interest, 28, 38-50.

Dryzek, John S and Dunleavy, Patrick (2009) Theories of the Democratic State. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Dunleavy, Patrick (2010) ‘New Worlds of Political Science’, Political Studies, 58 (1), 239-65.

— (2011) ‘The vulnerability of the British state – deeper lessons from the urban riots’LSE Impact of Social Sciences blog, 10 August 2012.

— (2012) ‘E-books herald the second coming of books in university social science’LSE Review of Books blog, 6 May 2012.

Dunleavy, Patrick and Carrera, Leandro (2013) Growing the productivity of government services. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Dunleavy, Patrick and Gilson, Chris (2012) ‘Five minutes with Patrick Dunleavy and Chris Gilson: “Blogging is quite simply, one of the most important things that an academic should be doing right now”, LSE Impact of Social Sciences blog, 24 February 2012.

Dunleavy, Patrick and Margetts, Helen (2013) ‘The second wave of digital-era governance: a quasi-paradigm for government on the Web’Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society A: mathematical, physical and engineering sciences, doi: 10.1098/rsta.2012.0382.

Dunleavy, Patrick, Margetts, Helen, Bastow, Simon and Tinkler, Jane (2006a) ‘New Public Management is Dead – Long Live Digital-Era Governance’, Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 16 (3), 467-94.

— (2006b) Digital Era Governance: IT Corporations, the State, and e-Government. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dunleavy, Patrick and Tinkler, Jane (2014) Improving the Impact of University Research: How to grow the influence, take-up and understanding of academic work (London: Palgrave Macmillan).

Dunn, William (1997) ‘Probing the Boundaries of Ignorance in Policy Analysis’ American Behavioral Scientist, 40 (3), 277-298.

Edgerton, David (2008) ‘The charge of technology’Nature, 455, 1030-1.

Emerson, RW (1862) ‘Old Age’The Atlantic Monthly, 9 (51).

ESRC (2006) Demographic review of the UK social sciences. Swindon: Economic and Social Research Council.

Etzioni, Amitai and Bowditch, Alyssa (2006) Public Intellectuals: An Endangered Species. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Etzkowitz, Henry (2008) The Triple Helix: University-Industry-Government Innovation in Action. New York: Routledge.

Evans, William (1995) ‘The Mundane and the Arcane: Prestige Media Coverage of Social and Natural Science’, Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 72 (1), 168-77.

Eysenbach, Gunther (2011) ‘Can tweets predict citations? Metrics of social impact based on Twitter and correlation with traditional metrics of scientific impact’, Journal of Medical Internet Research, 13 (4), e123.

Feldman, Martha S (1989) Order Without Design: Information Production and Policy Making. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Fenton, Natalie, Bryman, Alan and Deacon, David (1998) Mediating social science. London: Sage Publishing.

Flyvbjerg, Bent (2012) ‘Why Mass Media Matter to Planning Research: The Case of Megaprojects’, Journal of Planning Education and Research, 32 (2), 169-81.

Flyvbjerg, Bent, Bruzelius, Nils and Rothengatter, Werner (2003) Megaprojects and Risk: An anatomy of Ambition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ford, Rob and Goodwin, Matthew (2013) ‘Academics may not be celebrities, but their careful research is improving public policy’LSE Impact of Social Sciences blog, 18 June 2013.

Foucault, Michel (1975) Discipline and Punish: the Birth of the Prison. New York: Random House.

— (1984) ‘Nietzsche, genealogy, history’ in The Foucault Reader. New York: Pantheon.

— (1989) ‘Interview: The concern for truth’. Foucault Live. New York: Semiotext, 455-464.

Gerring, John (2011) Social Science Methodology: A Unified Framework. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gillies, Donald (2008) How Should Research be OrganizedLondon: College Publications.

Gitelman, Lisa (2013) Raw Data is an Oxymoron. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Gladwell, Malcolm (2008) Outliers: the story of success. London: Allen Lane.

Gleick, James (2012) The Information: A History, A Theory, A Flood. New York: Fourth Estate.

Gluckman, Max (1965) Politics, Law and Ritual in Tribal Society. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Goodwin, Matthew (ed.) (2013), Making an impact: How to engage with policymakers. Nottingham: Ballots and Bullets blog, University of Nottingham.

Gouldner, Alvin (1973) For sociology: renewal and critique in sociology today. London: Allen Lane.

Green, Duncan (2013), ‘Why are NGOs and Academics collaborating more?’ LSE Impact of Social Sciences blog, 18 September 2013.

Gregg, Alan (1941) The Furtherance of Medical Research. New Haven CT: Yale University Press.

Griffiths, Dave (2010) ‘Academic Influence amongst the UK Public Elite’, Sociology, 44 (4): 734-50.

Harnad, Stevan (2007) ‘Open access scientometrics and the UK Research Assessment Exercise’. Keynote address to 11th Annual Meeting of the International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics, Madrid, Spain. 25-27 June 2007.

— (2008) ‘Validating research performance metrics against peer rankings’, Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics, 8, 103-07.

Harzing, Anne-Wil (2010) The Publish or Perish Book: Your guide to effective and responsible citation analysis. Melbourne: Tarma Software Research Pty Ltd.

Hayek, Frederich A (1988) The fatal conceit: the errors of socialism. London: Routledge.

HEFCE (2009) Report on the pilot exercise to develop bibliometric indicators for the Research Excellence Framework. Bristol: Higher Education Funding Council for England.

— (2010) Higher Education – Business and community interaction survey 2008/09. Bristol: Higher Education Funding Council of England.

Hegel, Georg F (1892) Lectures on the Philosophy of History. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner.

Held, D. and A. McGrew (eds) (2003) The Global Transformations Reader: An Introduction to the Globalization Debate, 2nd edn. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Hilton, Matthew, McKay, James, Crowson, Nicholas and Mouhot, Jean-Francois (2013) The Politics of Expertise: How NGOs Shaped Modern Britain. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hindmoor, Andrew (2006) Rational Choice. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Hirschman, Albert (1982) Shifting Involvements: Private Interest and Public Action. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

HM Government (2013) What Works: evidence centres for social policy. London: Cabinet Office.

Hood, Christopher (1998) The Art of the State: Culture, Rhetoric and Public Management. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hood, Christopher and Dixon, Ruth (2013) ‘A Model of Cost-Cutting in Government? The Great Management Revolution in UK Central Government Reconsidered’, Public Administration, 91 (1), 114-34.

Hood, Christopher and Jackson, Michael (1991) Administrative Argument. Aldershot: Dartmouth.

Horgan, John (2013) ‘Is “Social Science” an Oxymoron? Will That Ever Change?’, Scientific American Blogs, 4 April, 2013.

Horn, Murray J (1995) The Political Economy of Public Administration: Institutional choice in the Public Sector. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hoyt, Jason (2013) ‘By cross-pollinating career skills with the ideologies of “hacking”, academics can seed creative avenues of research’Impact of Social Sciences blog, 26 June 2013.

Huang, Li-Shih (2012), ‘There’s a disconnect between ‘scholarly value’ and how we reach audiences who need research’LSE Impact of Social Science blog, 2 October 2012.

Illich, Ivan (1973) Tools for Conviviality. London: Calder and Boyars.

International Social Science Council (2010) World Social Science Report 2010: Knowledge DividesParis: UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

Jacoby, Russell (1989) The last intellectuals: American culture in the age of academe. New York: Basic Books.

James, Williams (1907) ‘The Present Dilemma in Philosophy’. Lecture I in Pragmatism: A new name for some old ways of thinking. New York: Longman Green: 1-16.

— (1909) The Meaning of Truth. New York: Longman Green.

Johnson, Allan (2013) ‘Best Practice for Tagging Academic Notes‘, LSE Impact of the Social Sciences blog, 5 July 2013.

Johnson, Terence (1972) Professions and Social Power. London: Macmillan.

Kahneman, Daniel (2012) Thinking, Fast and Slow. New York: Penguin.

Kaufmann, Walter (1954) The Portable Nietzsche. New York: The Viking Press.

Kaufman, Herbert (1976) Are Government Organizations Immortal? Washington DC: Brookings Institution Press.

King, Gary (2013) ‘Restructuring the social sciences: Reflections from Harvard’s Institute for Quantitative Social Science’, Working Paper. Boston, MA: Harvard University.

Kingdon, John (2003) Agendas, Alternatives and Public Policies. Second edition. Upper Saddle River NJ: Pearson.

Kinsley, Michael (2009) ‘A Cuba Policy That’s Stuck on Plan A’Washington Post Online, 17 April 2009.

Kittel, B, Luhan, WJ and Morton RB (eds) (2012) Experimental Political Science: Principles and Practices. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Klingstrom, Allan (ed.) (1986) Cooperation between Higher Education and Industry. Proceedings from the Seminar in Uppsala, 24-25 April 1986. Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksell International.

Kuhn, Thomas S (1962) The Structure of Scientific RevolutionsChicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Lariviere, Vincent, Archambault, Érich, Gingras, Yves and Vignola-Gagné, Étienne (2006) ‘The place of serials in referencing practices: Comparing natural sciences and engineering with social sciences and humanities’, Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 57 (8), 997-1004.

Leavis, FR (1962) Two Cultures? The Significance of CP Snow. London: Chatto & Windus.

Lee, Raymond M (2000) Unobtrusive methods in social research. Buckingham PI: Open University Press.

Lee, Sooho and Bozeman, Barry (2005) ‘The impact of research collaboration on scientific productivity ‘, Social Studies of Science, 35 (5), 673-702.

Leeds, Ruth and Smith, Thomasina (1963) Using social science knowledge in business and industry: Report of a seminar. Homewood, IL: Richard D Irwin, Inc.

Lindblom, Charles (1977) Politics and markets: the world’s political and economic systems. New York: Basic Books.

Lindblom, Charles and Cohen, David (1979) Usable Knowledge: Social Sciences and Social Problem Solving. New Haven CT: Yale University.

LSE Public Policy Group (PPG) (2011) Maximising the Impacts of your Research: A Handbook for Social Scientists. A report from the LSE Public Policy Group. London: London School of Economics.

Luhmann, Niklas (1982) Trust and Power. Chichester: Wiley.

— (1986) ‘The autopoiesis of social systems’, in F. Geyer and J. van der Zouwen (eds.), Sociocybernetic Paradoxes, London: Sage: 172-92.

Mackay, Alan L (1991) A Dictionary of Scientific Quotations. London: Taylor and Francis.

MacKerron, George and Mourato, Susana (2010) ‘LSE’s mappiness project may help us track the national mood: but how much should we consider happiness in deciding public policy? ‘, LSE British Politics and Policy blog, 28 October 2010.

Macmillan, Rob (2013) ‘Making sense of the Big Society: perspectives of the third sector’, Working Paper 90. Birmingham: Third Sector Research Centre.

Maitzen, Rohan (2013) ‘Accept no substitutes: blogging is a valuable supplement to scholarship and rightfully challenges the status quo’, LSE Impact of Social Sciences blog, 25 June 2013.

Marsh, Alex (2013) ‘Going solo or joining someone else’s show: multi-author blogs as a way to maximise your time and exposure’LSE Impact of Social Sciences blog, 18 February 2013.

Mason, John L (1996) Conquering an Enemy Called Average. Tulsa OA: Insight International.

McKechin, Ann (2013) ‘Academics and universities must continue to develop open access alternatives to break the monopoly of large publishers’LSE Impact of Social Sciences blog, 22 April 2013.

McKenzie, David and Ozler, Berk (2011) ‘Academic blogs are proven to increase dissemination of economic research and improve impact’LSE Impact of the Social Sciences blog, 15 November 2011.

McNeely, Ian and Wolverton, Lisa (2009) Reinventing knowledge: from Alexandria to the InternetNew York: W.W. Norton.

Miller, Gary J (1992) Managerial Dilemmas. Cambridge & New York: Cambridge University Press.

Milligan, Spike (2003) The Essential Spike Milligan. London: Fourth Estate.

Mintzberg, Henry (1983) Structure in Fives: designing effective organizations. Englewood Cliffs NJ: Prentice Hall.

National Audit Office (NAO) (2010) Reorganising Central Government. HC452, Session 2009-10. London: The Stationery Office.

NESTA (2007) Hidden Innovation: How innovation happens in six ‘low innovation’ sectors’. London: National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts.

Neylon, Cameron (2013) ‘Open is a state of mind that actively encourages the opportunity for unexpected contributions to scholarly work’LSE Impact of Social Sciences blog, 11 July 2013.

Nielsen, Michael (2011) Reinventing Discovery: The New Era of Networked SciencePrinceton NJ: Princeton University Press.

Nietzsche, Friedrich (1990) Twilight of the Idols. London: Penguin.

Nisbet, Matthew C and Scheufele, Dietram A (2009) ‘What’s Next for Science Communication? Promising Directions and Lingering Distractions’, American Journal of Botany, 96 (10), 1767-78.

Noelle-Neumann, Elizabeth (1993) The Spiral of Silence: Public Opinion – Our Social Skin. Chicago IL: University of Chicago Press.

Nonaka, Ikujiro and Takeeuchi Hirotaka (1995) The knowledge creating company: how Japanese companies create the dynamics of innovation. New York: Oxford University Press.

Nonaka, Ikujiro, von Krogh, Georg and Ichijo, Kazuo (2000) Enabling Knowledge Creation. New York: Oxford University Press.

Norris, Michael and Oppenheim, Charles (2007) ‘Comparing alternatives to the Web of Science for coverage of the social sciences’ literature’, Journal of Informetrics, 1, 161-69.

Oakeshott, Michael (1962) Rationalism in Politics and Other Essays. London: Methuen.

O’Brien, David (2010) ‘Measuring the Value of Culture’. A report to the Department for Culture Media and Sport. London: Department for Culture Media and Sport.

Odendahl, Teresa (1991) Charity Begins at Home: Generosity and Self-Interest Among the Philanthropic Elite. New York: Basic Books.

Oppenheimer, J Robert (1954) Science and the Common Understanding. New York: Simon and Schuster.

O’Reilly, Dermot and Reed, Mike (2010) ‘”Leaderism”: An evoluation of managerialism in UK public service reform’, Public Administration, 88 (4), 960-78.

Pascal, Blaise (1958) Pascal’s Pensées. New York: E. P. Dutton & CO., Inc.

Pawson, Ray (2006) Evidence Based Policy Making: A Realist Perspective. London: Sage Publications.

Political and Constitutional Reform Committee (2013) The impact and effectiveness of ministerial reshuffles. Second Report. London: House of Commons.

Poincaré, Henri (1905 (1946)) ‘The Value of Science ‘, in The Foundations of Science: Science and Hypothesis, The Value of Science, Science and Method. New York: The Science Press.

Poole, Steven (2011) ‘Etcetera: Steven Poole’s non-fiction reviews’The Guardian, 9 December 2011.

Posner, Richard A (2001) Public Intellectuals. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Poundstone, William (1993) Prisoner’s Dilemma: John Von Neumann, Game Theory, and the Puzzle of the Bomb. New York: Anchor Books, Random House Inc.

Poundstone, William (2010) Priceless: the myth of fair value (and how to take advantage of it). New York: Hill and Wang.

Priem, Jason and Costello, Kaitlin (2010) ‘How and why scholars cite on Twitter’. Paper for 73rd Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 22–27 October, Pittsburgh US.

Priem, Jason, Costello, Kaitlin, and Dzuba, Tyler (2011) ‘First-year graduate students just wasting time? Prevalence and use of Twitter among scholars’. Paper for Metrics 2011: Symposium on Informetric and Scientometric Research conference, 12 October, New Orleans, US.

Public Accounts Committee (PAC) (2013) Department for Transport: Lessons from cancelling the Inter City West Coast franchise competition. HC 813 Session 2012–13. London: Stationery Office.

Publishers Association (2012) The Publishers Association Statistics Yearbook 2012London: The Publishers Association.

Puustinen, Kaisa and Edwards, Rosalind (2012) ‘Who gives a tweet? After 24 hours and 860 downloads, we think quite a few actually do’LSE Impact of Social Sciences blog, 18 May 2012.

Quiller-Couch, Arthur (1916) On the Art of Writing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ragin, Charles C (1992) ”Casing’ and the process of social inquiry’, in CC Ragin and HS Becker (eds.), What is a case? Exploring the foundations of social inquiryCambridge: Cambridge University Press.

— (2000) Fuzzy set social science. Chicago IL: University of Chicago Press.

Rasinski, Timothy and Griffith, Lorraine (2008) Building Fluency Through Practice and Performance. London: Shell Education.

Ravenscroft, Charlotte (2013) The Secrets of Success? How Charitable Funders Use and Share

Evidence in Practice. London: Alliance for Useful Evidence.

Redner, Sidney (1998) ‘How popular is your paper? An empirical study of the citation distribution’, European Physics Journal B, 4, 131.

— (2005) ‘Citation Statistics from 110 Years of Physical Review’, Physical Review, 58 (6), 49.

Reul, Sabine (2003) ‘What genius once was: reflections on the public intellectual’, Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, 6 (4), 24-32.

Richards, Keith, Batty, Mike, Edwards, Kevin, Findlay, Allan, Foody, Giles, Frostick, Lynne, Jones, Kelvyn, Lee, Roger, Livingstone, David, Marsden, Terry, Petts, Judith, Philo, Chris, Simon, David, Smith, Susan and Thomas, David (2009) ‘The nature of publishing and assessment in Geography and Environment Studies: evidence from the Research Assessment Exercise 2008′, Area (The Royal Geographical Society), 41 (3), 231-243.

RIN (Research Information Network) (2009) The UK’s share of world research output: An investigation of different data sources and time trends. London: Research Information Network.

Royal Society (1985) The Public Understanding of Science. London: The Royal Society.

— (2011) Science as a Public Enterprise. The Royal Society Science Policy Centre report 02/12 London: The Royal Society.

Sabatier, Paul (1987) ‘Knowledge, Policy-Oriented Learning, and Policy Change: An Advocacy

Coalition Framework’, Knowledge: Creation, Diffusion, Innovation. 8 (June), 649-692.

Said, Edward (1997) Covering IslamLondon: Vintage.

Savage, Mike and Burrows, Roger (2007) ‘The coming crisis of empirical sociology’, Sociology, 41 (5), 885-99.

Savage, Mike, Devine, Fiona, Cunningham, Niall, Taylor, Mark, Li, Yaojun, Hjellbrekke, Johs, Le Roux, Brigitte, Friedman, Sam and Miles, Andrew (2013) ‘A new model of social class? Findings from the BBC’s Great British Class Survey experiment’, Sociology, 47(2): 219–50.

Schumpeter, Joseph (1949) ‘Science and Ideology – Presidential address to the American Economic Association’, American Economic Review, March, 345-59.

Scott, James C (1998) Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed. New Haven CT: Yale University Press.

Sennett, Richard (2008) The Craftsman. New Haven CT: Yale University Press.

Shelley, Percy B (1904) A Defence of Poetry. Indianapolis IN: Bobbs-Merrill.

Silberman, Bernard S (1993) Cages of reason: the rise of the rational state in France, Japan, the United States, and Great Britain. Chicago IL: University of Chicago Press.

Simmons, George (1992) Calculus Gems. Mathematical Association of America: New York.

Stephenson, Neal (2008) Anathem. New York: William Morrow.

Stoppard, Tom (1982) The Real Thing. London: Faber and Faber.

Stokes, Donald E (1997) Pasteur’s quadrant: basic science and technological innovation. Washington DC: The Brookings Institution.

STSC (2012) ‘Higher Education in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) subjects’. A report by the Science and Technology Select Committee of the House of Lords. HL Paper 37, 24 July 2012. London: The Stationery Office.

Thaler, Richard H and Sunstein, Cas R (2008) Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and Happiness. New Haven CT: Yale University Press.

Tinkler, Jane (2012) ‘The REF doesn’t capture what government wants from academics or how academic impact on policymaking takes place’, LSE Impact of Social Sciences blog, 27 March 2012.

Tinkler, Jane and Rainford, Paul (2013) ‘Championing and governing UK public service mutuals’. In Valkama, P, Bailey, SJ and Anttiroiko, A-V (eds) Organizational Innovation in Public Services: Forms and Governance. Governance and Public Management. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Tribble, Ivan. [pseudonym] (2005) ’Bloggers Need Not Apply’Chronicle of Higher Education, 8 July 2005.

UK National Commission for UNESCO Secretariat (2013) What could be the contribution of the UNESCO Social and Human Sciences sector? London: UK National Commission for UNESCO Secretariat.

Universities Australia (2013) Public Perceptions of Australia’s Universities. Canberra: Universities Australia.

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Von Hippel, Eric (2006) Democratizing Innovation. Cambridge MA: The MIT Press.

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