Real and credible development in these countries means pursuing knowledge social economy visions that are genuinely autochthonous, writes Valbona Muzaka (King’s College London).
Depicting favela residents as environmentally destructive invaders serves to justify evictions and undermine community heritage in the name of creating a “modern” city free of potent signs of poverty and inequality, writes Jennifer Chisholm (University of Cambridge).
A coordinated political effort to move toward higher labour productivity, higher valued-added activities, and a solid foundation of public education and health services can only be achieved through elections and negotiations between legitimate representatives, writes Mark S. Langevin.
Climatic differences can create path dependencies even within countries, with local institutions perpetuating inequalities and hurting economic development in the process, writes Evan Wigton-Jones.
Slavery’s damaging impact on local institutions and public goods has shaped Brazil’s long-run development
The differential impact of slavery across Brazil was largely determined by its influence on the settlement of foreign migrants, who – unlike slaves – had a political voice and could “vote with their feet”, writes Andrea Papadia.
What happens when a state fails to run its prisons? Prisoners in some Latin American jails establish their own governing bodies to keep order, even setting up extralegal courts of their own. But even in the US, understaffing sees gangs running much of everyday prison life, explain David Skarbek and Courtney Michaluk.