Climatic differences can create path dependencies even within countries, with local institutions perpetuating inequalities and hurting economic development in the process, writes Evan Wigton-Jones.
Slavery’s damaging impact on local institutions and public goods has shaped Brazil’s long-run development
The differential impact of slavery across Brazil was largely determined by its influence on the settlement of foreign migrants, who – unlike slaves – had a political voice and could “vote with their feet”, writes Andrea Papadia.
What happens when a state fails to run its prisons? Prisoners in some Latin American jails establish their own governing bodies to keep order, even setting up extralegal courts of their own. But even in the US, understaffing sees gangs running much of everyday prison life, explain David Skarbek and Courtney Michaluk.
The Odebrecht scandal reveals not only the extent of corruption in public contracts and elections in Latin America, but also the widely varying capacity and inclination of different political systems to respond, writes Kathryn Hochstetler.
Repeated episodes of graffiti removal, resistance, and responses in São Paulo reveal a subtle shift in the power dynamic between urban artists, the public, and the state, writes Chandra Morrison.
Trump may represent a challenge to Brazil and multilateralism, but his government also offers unique opportunities for Brazilian foreign policymakers to advance economic integration and expand the nation’s leadership in the international community, writes Mark S. Langevin.
El poder de los Cantos Cautivos: la música como contribución a la recuperación de la memoria histórica de la prisión política en Chile y América Latina
La cooperación multinacional de las dictaduras latinoamericanas, sobre todo en el Plan Condor, significa que los intentos de archivar experiencias de la música en prisiones políticas deben también asumir una dimensión internacional, escriben Katia Chornik y J. Patrice McSherry.
The power of Captive Songs: music can help recover the historical memory of political detention in Chile and Latin America
Multinational cooperation between Latin American dictatorships, particularly via Operation Condor, means that digital archiving of musical experiences under political detention must also take on an international dimension, write Katia Chornik and J. Patrice McSherry.
When prices increase, producers who are far from the market clear forest to make room for new pasture, write Francisco Fontes and Charles Palmer.