South America

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    The climate has played a crucial role in Brazilian inequality and long-run development

The climate has played a crucial role in Brazilian inequality and long-run development

Climatic differences can create path dependencies even within countries, with local institutions perpetuating inequalities and hurting economic development in the process, writes Evan Wigton-Jones.

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    Giving voice and visibility to victims of sexual violence can drive cultural change in Colombia

Giving voice and visibility to victims of sexual violence can drive cultural change in Colombia

Grassroots initiatives and the UK government’s Preventing Sexual Violence Initiative (PSVI) have the potential to contribute to transformative justice for survivors of sexual and gender-based violence against women, writes Christine Chinkin.

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    The experience of Bolivians in Chile reveals the need for inclusive, human-rights based migration policies

The experience of Bolivians in Chile reveals the need for inclusive, human-rights based migration policies

Bolivians in Chile face discrimination in multiple aspects of their everyday lives, but Chile can avoid the anti-migrant politics on the rise in the US and Europe by taking the lead on inclusive, intercultural, human-rights based migration policies, writes Megan Ryburn.

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    Slavery’s damaging impact on local institutions and public goods has shaped Brazil’s long-run development

Slavery’s damaging impact on local institutions and public goods has shaped Brazil’s long-run development

The differential impact of slavery across Brazil was largely determined by its influence on the settlement of foreign migrants, who – unlike slaves – had a political voice and could “vote with their feet”, writes Andrea Papadia.

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    From unions to social movements, political dynamics in South America have long been driven by waves of incorporation

From unions to social movements, political dynamics in South America have long been driven by waves of incorporation

The idea of a “Left Turn” or a “Pink Tide” tells us little about the rise and fall of left-wing parties today or throughout Latin America’s history.  Though the actors and arenas vary over time, the key lies in understanding successive waves of demands for incorporation from poorer segments of society, argues Federico M. Rossi.

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    Odebrecht in the Amazon: comparing responses to corruption in Latin America

Odebrecht in the Amazon: comparing responses to corruption in Latin America

The Odebrecht scandal reveals not only the extent of corruption in public contracts and elections in Latin America, but also the widely varying capacity and inclination of different political systems to respond, writes Kathryn Hochstetler.

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    Crime costs some Latin American countries more than 6 per cent of their GDP

Crime costs some Latin American countries more than 6 per cent of their GDP

The cost to Latin America of being the world’s most violent region is not only a human one. New research by Laura Jaitman reveals that its enormous economic costs are equal to annual spending on infrastructure, or enough to halve the region’s housing deficit.

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    Cobardía en el Brexit y coraje en Colombia: la historia de dos referendos

Cobardía en el Brexit y coraje en Colombia: la historia de dos referendos

Los plebiscitos reducen temas complejos a preguntas sencillas de sí o no y se prestan a pasiones momentáneas que pueden ser fácilmente manipuladas, escribe Jean-Paul Faguet.

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    El nuevo rol de la ONU en Colombia puede fortalecer la construcción de paz en su etapa más vulnerable

El nuevo rol de la ONU en Colombia puede fortalecer la construcción de paz en su etapa más vulnerable

Por primera vez en un posconflicto se crea un mecanismo tripartito de verificación en el que participen las partes (Farc-Ep y el gobierno colombiano) y el componente internacional (Naciones Unidas). Este mecanismo innovador, que ayuda a generar confianza y resolver conflictos en momentos claves, puede servir de ejemplo más allá del proceso colombiano, escribe Juana García.

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    Graffiti vs the ‘Beautiful City’: Urban Policy and Artistic Resistance in São Paulo

Graffiti vs the ‘Beautiful City’: Urban Policy and Artistic Resistance in São Paulo

Repeated episodes of graffiti removal, resistance, and responses in São Paulo reveal a subtle shift in the power dynamic between urban artists, the public, and the state, writes Chandra Morrison.