Justice and Domestic Affairs

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    From the Slave Codes to Mike Brown: the brutal history of African Americans and law enforcement

From the Slave Codes to Mike Brown: the brutal history of African Americans and law enforcement

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Police killings of unarmed African American men have been highly publicized and heavily debated as a horrific social problem in recent years. Michael A. Robinson writes that this social ill can be traced back to the start of the slave trade.  The relationship between police and Black men reflects how the white majority has perceived Black men throughout the […]

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    Perceptions of voter fraud are boosted by many Americans’ hostility towards immigrants.

Perceptions of voter fraud are boosted by many Americans’ hostility towards immigrants.

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One of Donald Trump’s earliest claims as President was that millions voted illegally in the 2016 election. Given that research has found that voter fraud in the US is exceptionally rare, how can many Americans’ concerns about illegal voting be explained? In new research, Adriano Udani and David Kimball find that anti-immigrant attitudes – especially towards Mexicans – strongly […]

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    Allies in name only? Latino-only leadership on DACA may trigger implicit racial biases among White liberals

Allies in name only? Latino-only leadership on DACA may trigger implicit racial biases among White liberals

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At the beginning of September, President Trump announced the end of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program within six months. Activists mobilized immediately in response to protect the program which provides temporary shelter from deportation to those covered by the DREAM Act. In new survey research, Sergio Garcia-Rios, Kassra AR Oskooii and Hannah Walker find that when […]

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    The money bail system places undue burden on the incarcerated poor- but risk informed release can change that

The money bail system places undue burden on the incarcerated poor- but risk informed release can change that

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The money bail system widely used throughout the American criminal justice system requires a defendant to pay a specified sum of money or await their trail from a jail cell, placing undue burden on the poor. New research by Dottie Carmichael, Heather Caspers, Nicholas Davis, Trey Marchbanks, George Naufal and Steve Wood focuses on the use of validated risk […]

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    In Tennessee, crime really does pay – for private prison providers.

In Tennessee, crime really does pay – for private prison providers.

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Tennessee has a relatively high incarceration rate compared to other American states, with African Americans disproportionately represented in the state’s jails. Gerald K. Fosten writes that conservative rhetoric and fear mongering about African Americans combines with the lobbying of legislators by private prison providers motivated by profit to increasingly send African Americans to prison even at a time of […]

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    Public opinion is less supportive of redistribution and social security in the US than in Europe – but many US citizens want to see more done to reduce poverty and inequality

Public opinion is less supportive of redistribution and social security in the US than in Europe – but many US citizens want to see more done to reduce poverty and inequality

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Congressional Republicans failed to repeal and dismantle Obamacare this past August, which has once again put the spotlight on how difficult it is to reach an agreement about health care coverage for US citizens. This lies in stark contrast to policies in most countries in Western Europe, where universal health care coverage is taken for granted. How can we […]

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    Vulnerable targets, lone actors, and unsophisticated weaponry are increasingly common trends of U.S. far-right domestic terror attacks

Vulnerable targets, lone actors, and unsophisticated weaponry are increasingly common trends of U.S. far-right domestic terror attacks

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Since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, countering violent extremism in the United States has remained a top homeland security concern. Despite Jihadist extremists’ role in the events of 9/11, America has also faced a persistent and deadly form of domestic terrorism stemming from the extreme far-right, who have been responsible for hundreds of deaths over the past 25 […]

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    Visa overstayers in Northern Arizona reveal complex motivation behind undocumented migration

Visa overstayers in Northern Arizona reveal complex motivation behind undocumented migration

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Much of the media and public debate concerning immigration focuses on illegal border crossers. In this post, Susannah Crockford, who spent two years in Arizona completing ethnographic fieldwork, looks at the motivations behind people who overstay their visas. Unlike the common stereotype of ‘illegal immigrants’, many overstayers come from wealthy, ‘developed’ nations such as Canada and the UK, and […]

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    This major church-state case makes direct funding of religious organizations more likely

This major church-state case makes direct funding of religious organizations more likely

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The Supreme Court’s latest church-state decision opens the door to direct funding of religious institutions. Ursula Hackett argues that this phase merely accelerates a decades-long trajectory: rapid expansion of voucher programmes that offer public funds for private (including religious) schools, and the increasing irrelevance of state constitutional bans on such aid.

Five years ago a Missouri church was excluded from […]

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    Satisfaction with public policy decisions is dependent on the racial composition of decision-makers, not only on the decisions themselves

Satisfaction with public policy decisions is dependent on the racial composition of decision-makers, not only on the decisions themselves

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When a lack of diversity in decision-making bodies signals to citizens that the policymaking process is inherently unfair, then it increases the likelihood that any outcomes detrimental to minorities are perceived as the result of systematic bias rather than unfortunate circumstances. Research by Matthew Hayes and Matthew Hibbing finds that Americans’ satisfaction with public policy decisions is dependent on […]

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