Justice and Domestic Affairs

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    Satisfaction with public policy decisions is dependent on the racial composition of decision-makers, not only on the decisions themselves

Satisfaction with public policy decisions is dependent on the racial composition of decision-makers, not only on the decisions themselves

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When a lack of diversity in decision-making bodies signals to citizens that the policymaking process is inherently unfair, then it increases the likelihood that any outcomes detrimental to minorities are perceived as the result of systematic bias rather than unfortunate circumstances. Research by Matthew Hayes and Matthew Hibbing finds that Americans’ satisfaction with public policy decisions is dependent on […]

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    Hawaii movement illustrates the importance of video evidence and gender violence in police reform

Hawaii movement illustrates the importance of video evidence and gender violence in police reform

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Nicholas Chagnon, Meda Chesney-Lind, and David T. Johnson argue that Hawaii, one of the most diverse states in the country, lacks the racial tensions characterizing many cities in continental United States, and thus concerns over gender violence provide an alternative discourse for catalyzing police reform. Video recordings of incidents of police violence, they argue, have worked to elicit public […]

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    Citizen science and crowdsourced data collection, not government statistics, provide the most reliable count of citizen fatalities by police

Citizen science and crowdsourced data collection, not government statistics, provide the most reliable count of citizen fatalities by police

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In 2016 one thousand ninety-two civilians were killed by the police in the United States. When civilians die during police encounters they lose not only their right to due process, but also their chance to be counted. Matthew J. Thompson and Chris M. Smith argue that since the fatal police shooting of Michael Brown in August 2014, more is […]

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    White Americans are much more likely to support gun rights than their non-white counterparts, but not because they want arms for self-protection

White Americans are much more likely to support gun rights than their non-white counterparts, but not because they want arms for self-protection

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Does fear of criminal victimization contribute to white Americans’ enthusiastic support for ‘gun rights’? While those in favor of less arms control link gun rights to fear of crime and self-protection, Alexandra Filindra takes a look at the notion that Americans support gun ownership on the grounds of personal protection. Finding that the gun owning population is much whiter […]

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    Book Review: In the Heat of the Summer: The New York Riots of 1964 and The War on Crime by Michael W. Flamm

Book Review: In the Heat of the Summer: The New York Riots of 1964 and The War on Crime by Michael W. Flamm

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In In the Heat of the Summer: The New York Riots of 1964 and The War on Crime, Michael W. Flamm draws on personal narratives and archival evidence to outline the development of the New York Riots of 1964 — instigated by the shooting of the fifteen-year-old black teenager, James Powell, by a white police officer — and their wider repercussions on the […]

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    Three more dead in California: why the US political system is to blame

Three more dead in California: why the US political system is to blame

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On April 10th the city of San Bernadino in California entered headlines for gun violence once again as a man shot his wife, who was a teacher at a school; and one of her students, before shooting himself. Sierra Smucker argues that this is part of a much wider trend of intimate partner homicides, caused by the country’s grip […]

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    Why pursuing more rehabilitative policies may actually lead to harsher punishments for prisoners.

Why pursuing more rehabilitative policies may actually lead to harsher punishments for prisoners.

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In recent decades prison policy has a reoriented towards measures which try to rehabilitate, rather than punish offenders. While this discourse may appear to be beneficial to inmates, Anthony Grasso warns that it may actually make incarceration even more punitive for some inmates. Rehabilitative policies, he writes, often lead to harsh punishments for those who commit new crimes despite […]

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    Donald Trump is expanding a system of immigration enforcement which already punishes immigrants and makes them vulnerable.

Donald Trump is expanding a system of immigration enforcement which already punishes immigrants and makes them vulnerable.

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A large part of Donald Trump’s 2016 election campaign played on many Americans’ concerns about immigration, and since coming into office, Trump has stepped up immigration enforcement. Inés Valdez writes that the Trump administration’s actions are only the latest iteration of punitive immigration enforcement policies that have been developing for three decades, and which are a way for right-wing […]

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    Compared to adjudication in juvenile court, criminal convictions can hurt adolescent boys’ future employment prospects.

Compared to adjudication in juvenile court, criminal convictions can hurt adolescent boys’ future employment prospects.

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Recent decades have seen a shift in how juveniles are treated by the criminal justice system from rehabilitation to a “tough on crime” approach which sees more young people tried and sentenced by adult courts. But how has this shift affected the lives of these young people? Analyzing data from two cities, Jeffrey Sharlein finds that seven years after court involvement, […]

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    Why crime prevention strategies may be effective against both deliberate and impulsive burglars.

Why crime prevention strategies may be effective against both deliberate and impulsive burglars.

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Not all those who commit burglary offenses do so for the same reasons – some are deliberate, planning their actions, while others are more impulsive. In new research on patterns of opportunism among burglars, Amber N. Sanders, Joseph B. Kuhns, and Kristie R. Blevins find that deliberate burglars are more motivated by money, while impulsive burglars were motivated by […]

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