Justice and Domestic Affairs

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    White Americans are much more likely to support gun rights than their non-white counterparts, but not because they want arms for self-protection

White Americans are much more likely to support gun rights than their non-white counterparts, but not because they want arms for self-protection

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Does fear of criminal victimization contribute to white Americans’ enthusiastic support for ‘gun rights’? While those in favor of less arms control link gun rights to fear of crime and self-protection, Alexandra Filindra takes a look at the notion that Americans support gun ownership on the grounds of personal protection. Finding that the gun owning population is much whiter […]

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    Book Review: In the Heat of the Summer: The New York Riots of 1964 and The War on Crime by Michael W. Flamm

Book Review: In the Heat of the Summer: The New York Riots of 1964 and The War on Crime by Michael W. Flamm

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In In the Heat of the Summer: The New York Riots of 1964 and The War on Crime, Michael W. Flamm draws on personal narratives and archival evidence to outline the development of the New York Riots of 1964 — instigated by the shooting of the fifteen-year-old black teenager, James Powell, by a white police officer — and their wider repercussions on the […]

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    Three more dead in California: why the US political system is to blame

Three more dead in California: why the US political system is to blame

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On April 10th the city of San Bernadino in California entered headlines for gun violence once again as a man shot his wife, who was a teacher at a school; and one of her students, before shooting himself. Sierra Smucker argues that this is part of a much wider trend of intimate partner homicides, caused by the country’s grip […]

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    Why pursuing more rehabilitative policies may actually lead to harsher punishments for prisoners.

Why pursuing more rehabilitative policies may actually lead to harsher punishments for prisoners.

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In recent decades prison policy has a reoriented towards measures which try to rehabilitate, rather than punish offenders. While this discourse may appear to be beneficial to inmates, Anthony Grasso warns that it may actually make incarceration even more punitive for some inmates. Rehabilitative policies, he writes, often lead to harsh punishments for those who commit new crimes despite […]

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    Donald Trump is expanding a system of immigration enforcement which already punishes immigrants and makes them vulnerable.

Donald Trump is expanding a system of immigration enforcement which already punishes immigrants and makes them vulnerable.

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A large part of Donald Trump’s 2016 election campaign played on many Americans’ concerns about immigration, and since coming into office, Trump has stepped up immigration enforcement. Inés Valdez writes that the Trump administration’s actions are only the latest iteration of punitive immigration enforcement policies that have been developing for three decades, and which are a way for right-wing […]

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    Compared to adjudication in juvenile court, criminal convictions can hurt adolescent boys’ future employment prospects.

Compared to adjudication in juvenile court, criminal convictions can hurt adolescent boys’ future employment prospects.

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Recent decades have seen a shift in how juveniles are treated by the criminal justice system from rehabilitation to a “tough on crime” approach which sees more young people tried and sentenced by adult courts. But how has this shift affected the lives of these young people? Analyzing data from two cities, Jeffrey Sharlein finds that seven years after court involvement, […]

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    Why crime prevention strategies may be effective against both deliberate and impulsive burglars.

Why crime prevention strategies may be effective against both deliberate and impulsive burglars.

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Not all those who commit burglary offenses do so for the same reasons – some are deliberate, planning their actions, while others are more impulsive. In new research on patterns of opportunism among burglars, Amber N. Sanders, Joseph B. Kuhns, and Kristie R. Blevins find that deliberate burglars are more motivated by money, while impulsive burglars were motivated by […]

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    How negative stereotypes about poor black youth may be leading to stiffer juvenile court sanctions.

How negative stereotypes about poor black youth may be leading to stiffer juvenile court sanctions.

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While the US court system has begun to favor rehabilitation over harsh sentences in recent years, questions continue as to whether or not these changes have applied evenly across races. In new research, Patrick Lowery looks at juvenile sentencing data in South Carolina. He finds that while race alone does not significantly predict harsher punishments, black defendants from more […]

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    The take up of E-Verify programs shows that state officials prefer the highly skilled over temporary immigrant workers with lower skills

The take up of E-Verify programs shows that state officials prefer the highly skilled over temporary immigrant workers with lower skills

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The election of Donald Trump illustrates that the immigration debate is here to stay. In new research, Adriano Udani uses data on temporary immigrant labor admissions to better understand which immigrant groups policymakers think deserve to work in the United States. He finds that state officials ease employment verification rules when there are more “highly-skilled” migrants gaining visas. He […]

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    Despite Trump’s attempts to delegitimize them, the Courts are checking executive power exactly as they should.

Despite Trump’s attempts to delegitimize them, the Courts are checking executive power exactly as they should.

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Recent weeks have seen Donald Trump’s controversial executive order banning immigration from seven Muslim-majority countries halted by rulings from federal judges. In response, Trump has attacked the judiciary, arguing that they do not have the power to stop his order. Meghan Leonard writes that the Courts’ ability to undertake judicial review in cases such as this are at the […]

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