Justice and Domestic Affairs

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    Donald Trump is expanding a system of immigration enforcement which already punishes immigrants and makes them vulnerable.

Donald Trump is expanding a system of immigration enforcement which already punishes immigrants and makes them vulnerable.

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A large part of Donald Trump’s 2016 election campaign played on many Americans’ concerns about immigration, and since coming into office, Trump has stepped up immigration enforcement. Inés Valdez writes that the Trump administration’s actions are only the latest iteration of punitive immigration enforcement policies that have been developing for three decades, and which are a way for right-wing […]

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    Compared to adjudication in juvenile court, criminal convictions can hurt adolescent boys’ future employment prospects.

Compared to adjudication in juvenile court, criminal convictions can hurt adolescent boys’ future employment prospects.

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Recent decades have seen a shift in how juveniles are treated by the criminal justice system from rehabilitation to a “tough on crime” approach which sees more young people tried and sentenced by adult courts. But how has this shift affected the lives of these young people? Analyzing data from two cities, Jeffrey Sharlein finds that seven years after court involvement, […]

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    Why crime prevention strategies may be effective against both deliberate and impulsive burglars.

Why crime prevention strategies may be effective against both deliberate and impulsive burglars.

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Not all those who commit burglary offenses do so for the same reasons – some are deliberate, planning their actions, while others are more impulsive. In new research on patterns of opportunism among burglars, Amber N. Sanders, Joseph B. Kuhns, and Kristie R. Blevins find that deliberate burglars are more motivated by money, while impulsive burglars were motivated by […]

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    How negative stereotypes about poor black youth may be leading to stiffer juvenile court sanctions.

How negative stereotypes about poor black youth may be leading to stiffer juvenile court sanctions.

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While the US court system has begun to favor rehabilitation over harsh sentences in recent years, questions continue as to whether or not these changes have applied evenly across races. In new research, Patrick Lowery looks at juvenile sentencing data in South Carolina. He finds that while race alone does not significantly predict harsher punishments, black defendants from more […]

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    The take up of E-Verify programs shows that state officials prefer the highly skilled over temporary immigrant workers with lower skills

The take up of E-Verify programs shows that state officials prefer the highly skilled over temporary immigrant workers with lower skills

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The election of Donald Trump illustrates that the immigration debate is here to stay. In new research, Adriano Udani uses data on temporary immigrant labor admissions to better understand which immigrant groups policymakers think deserve to work in the United States. He finds that state officials ease employment verification rules when there are more “highly-skilled” migrants gaining visas. He […]

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    Despite Trump’s attempts to delegitimize them, the Courts are checking executive power exactly as they should.

Despite Trump’s attempts to delegitimize them, the Courts are checking executive power exactly as they should.

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Recent weeks have seen Donald Trump’s controversial executive order banning immigration from seven Muslim-majority countries halted by rulings from federal judges. In response, Trump has attacked the judiciary, arguing that they do not have the power to stop his order. Meghan Leonard writes that the Courts’ ability to undertake judicial review in cases such as this are at the […]

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    Book Review: The Myth of the Litigious Society: Why We Don’t Sue by David M. Engel

Book Review: The Myth of the Litigious Society: Why We Don’t Sue by David M. Engel

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In The Myth of the Litigious Society: Why We Don’t Sue, David M. Engel challenges the assumption that the USA is a compensation culture, instead showing that victims of injuries usually do not seek meaningful redress. Although the book’s central claim would be strengthened by evidence from more recent studies than those presented in the text, M. Bob Kao […]

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    Protests against Trump’s immigration executive order may have helped shift public opinion against it.          

Protests against Trump’s immigration executive order may have helped shift public opinion against it.          

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Donald Trump’s executive order preventing the entry of refugees and those from seven Muslim-majority countries has sparked protests across the country and the world. But have those protests had an effect on public opinion? Loren Collingwood, Nazita Lajevardi, and Kassra Oskooii present preliminary findings from a survey conducted before and after President Trump’s executive order. They find that after […]

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    High rates of parental incarceration among African-Americans means that criminal justice reform is now education reform

High rates of parental incarceration among African-Americans means that criminal justice reform is now education reform

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African-American schoolchildren have a one in four chance of having a parent who is in jail, or who has been previously incarcerated. In new report Leila Morsy and Richard Rothstein argue that incarceration of African Americans – which has been on the rise due to increasingly punitive sentencing policies as well as the ramping up of the “War on […]

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    Drug courts that serve mostly Hispanics may benefit from having a bilingual judge

Drug courts that serve mostly Hispanics may benefit from having a bilingual judge

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There are now more than 3,000 drug courts in the US, which aim to promote treatment rather than punishment for nonviolent offenders. While drug courts have been found to be effective in reducing drug use for participants in general, there is less evidence of how well they work for certain groups. In new research Kelly Frailing examines the effectiveness […]

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