Justice and Domestic Affairs

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    In Florida, introducing civil citations for young offenders has met with mixed success.

In Florida, introducing civil citations for young offenders has met with mixed success.

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Punishing young offenders can often ensure that they have a long relationship with the criminal justice system. But more and more authorities have chosen diversion policies such as civil citation in order to reduce the likelihood of future offending. In new research, Melissa Nadel, George Pesta, Thomas Blomberg, William Bales, and Mark Greenwald look at Florida’s civil citation program, […]

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    How a new inmate triage system could reduce the use of solitary confinement and improve prison safety.

How a new inmate triage system could reduce the use of solitary confinement and improve prison safety.

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Across the political spectrum in the United States, there are growing concerns regarding the effectiveness and utility of solitary confinement – a practice also referred to as restrictive housing. However, for a country that has grown reliant on the use of solitary confinement in its prisons, there are still more questions than answers about how to reduce its use […]

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    Those with lower educational attainments compared to their parents or neighbors may be more likely to commit crime as adults

Those with lower educational attainments compared to their parents or neighbors may be more likely to commit crime as adults

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Criminologists have long considered how perceptions of unfair disadvantage relative to others may lead to crime, but few have examined the simultaneous influence of social comparisons to one’s parents and current neighbors. Christopher Dennison and Raymond Swisher used data from a nationally representative survey to examine the association between intergenerational educational mobility and crime, as well as the role […]

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    Women and men receive different punishments for their involvement in the same crime: prostitution.

Women and men receive different punishments for their involvement in the same crime: prostitution.

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In a new study of nearly 23,000 people who had been arrested only once, and for prostitution, Rebecca Pfeffer finds significant disparities in how men and women had been treated. Men, who tend to be the buyers, were less likely to be arrested compared to women, and were also less likely to be given a jail sentence. The way […]

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    The Supreme Court’s ‘fair share’ case is an existential threat to public sector unions. But it may force them to engage and embrace choice.

The Supreme Court’s ‘fair share’ case is an existential threat to public sector unions. But it may force them to engage and embrace choice.

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The US Supreme Court recently heard oral arguments in the Janus v. AFSCME Council 31 case, which maintains that mandatory public sector union dues violate workers’ First Amendment rights. Jonathan E. Booth argues that despite the case’s free speech claims, such ‘fair share’ fees actually enhance the voice and representation of workers. He writes that if the Court finds […]

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    In the wake of the Parkland mass shooting, the public’s now continual anxiety about gun crime may lead to a greater push for stricter gun laws.

In the wake of the Parkland mass shooting, the public’s now continual anxiety about gun crime may lead to a greater push for stricter gun laws.

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The shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School last month has put the issue of gun control back on to the public and political agendas in the US. In light of this latest mass shooting, Alexandra Filindra and Loren Collingwood look at the relationship between the public’s response to such events and their attitudes towards gun control. They find […]

  • Permalink 100101-N-1291E-275 - GULF OF ADEN (Jan. 1, 2010) - USS Chosin (CG 65), a Ticonderoga-class guided missile cruiser, patrols the Gulf of Aden in support of counter-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden. Chosin is the flagship of Combined Joint Task Force 151, a multinational task force established to conduct counter-piracy operations under a mission-based mandate to actively deter, disrupt, and suppress piracy off the coast of Somalia.
(U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Daniel Edgington/Released)Gallery

    Book Review: Militarised Responses to Transnational Organised Crime: The War on Crime edited by Tuesday Reitano, Lucia Bird Ruiz-Benitez de Lugo and Sasha Jesperson

Book Review: Militarised Responses to Transnational Organised Crime: The War on Crime edited by Tuesday Reitano, Lucia Bird Ruiz-Benitez de Lugo and Sasha Jesperson

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In Militarised Responses to Transnational Organised Crime: The War on Crime, Tuesday Reitano, Lucia Bird Ruiz-Benitez de Lugo and Sasha Jesperson offer a collection addressing the issue of militarisation in the context of illicit wildlife trafficking, maritime piracy, human smuggling and drug dealing. Examining the many faces of militarisation and the controversies surrounding its use, this is a valuable and thought-provoking contribution to […]

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    Restoring the vote to those convicted of a felony sentence is not just the right thing to do, it’s good social science

Restoring the vote to those convicted of a felony sentence is not just the right thing to do, it’s good social science

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On February 1st, the US District Court for the Northern District of Florida ruled that the state’s process of vote-restoration for those convicted of a felony violated the US Constitution. Sarah Shannon and Christopher Uggen write that Florida is one of the few states which still prevent felons from voting after they have completed their sentences. And while this […]

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    Why an attack on the Supreme Court by Donald Trump could hurt its reputation in the eyes of his supporters.

Why an attack on the Supreme Court by Donald Trump could hurt its reputation in the eyes of his supporters.

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During the 2016 election campaign and the early stages of his presidency, Donald Trump made repeated attacks on the integrity of federal judges. If his belligerence were to turn to the US Supreme Court, would the trust that Americans feel in that institution protect its reputation? In new research which examines how people’s views of the Court are […]

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    States with partisan judicial elections and professionalized courts attract greater campaign contributions

States with partisan judicial elections and professionalized courts attract greater campaign contributions

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More than twenty US states use competitive elections – some partisan, some not – to choose their judges. As with much of the rest of US politics, judicial candidates are often reliant on campaign contributions from businesses, ideological groups, and individuals. In new research, Brent Boyea finds that where states hold partisan elections and have professionalized courts, individual contributors […]

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