Campaigns

‘Women and children first!’ The 1975 referendum and the female vote

Polling before the 1975 referendum found that women were more sceptical than men about membership of the European Community. In his book Yes to Europe! The 1975 Referendum and Seventies Britain, Robert Saunders (Queen Mary University of London) explains how Britain in Europe’s campaign went about targeting women.

A referendum on the Common Market might seem an unlikely arena in […]

‘We’re better off out’: Nigel Farage, the chicken farm and the emotional resonance of the Leave campaign

Nigel Farage set the tone for a great deal of the press coverage of the EU referendum. Discourses of Brexit, a new collection edited by Veronika Koller (Lancaster University), Susanne Kopf (Wirtschaftuniversität Wien) and Marlene Miglbauer (Pädagogische Hochschule Burgenland), looks at the different discourses used by the Leave and Remain campaigns. In this extract from the book’s introduction, they offer […]

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    #DeniedMyVote – why many EU citizens were unable to vote in the European Parliament elections

#DeniedMyVote – why many EU citizens were unable to vote in the European Parliament elections

On Thursday 23 May, the UK participated in European Parliament elections. Citizens of all EU countries should be able to vote in these elections in the country they live, but many non-UK EU citizens found they had been excluded from the electoral register and were unable to vote. Toby James explains how the government’s long-term failure to improve our electoral laws […]

A few lessons about disproportionality and tactical voting in the European elections

In European election terms, the Liberal Democrats are now a major party. Heinz Brandenburg (University of Strathclyde) looks at what the EP election results tell us about the limitations of tactical voting. He analyses the difference Change UK and UKIP withdrawals from the contest would have made and explains why the d’Hondt system punished the Conservatives so badly.

Nigel Farage […]

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    Campaigning leaflets from the first European Parliament election in 1979

Campaigning leaflets from the first European Parliament election in 1979

LSE Library curator Daniel Payne shares some of his favourite images from the first European Parliament elections in 1979.

The first ever European Parliament elections were held 40 years ago, with an average voter turnout across the member states of 62% (the UK had just 32%). Since then, LSE Library has been documenting the UK’s relationship with Europe through an […]

When a tactical vote may not work: the complex choice facing Remainers in the EP elections

Remainers seeking to maximise the impact of their vote in the European Parliament election face a difficult choice. Heinz Brandenburg (University of Strathclyde) explains why district magnitude is such a key factor in the d’Hondt system, and why it means that different regions call for different voting strategies.

The European Parliament (EP) Elections in the UK on 23 May will […]

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    It is the interplay between economic factors and individual attitudes that explains Brexit

It is the interplay between economic factors and individual attitudes that explains Brexit

Economic and cultural factors are often presented as alternative explanations of Brexit. Miguel Carreras, Yasemin Irepoglu Carreras, and Shaun Bowler (University of California, Riverside) explain why both actually matter and how they are related to each other.

Recent political developments in advanced democracies have generated a scholarly debate on what led to these results. While some scholars argue that economic grievances among […]

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    Deal or No Deal, or Remain: the only way out is to ask the people exactly what they want

Deal or No Deal, or Remain: the only way out is to ask the people exactly what they want

There is deadlock over Brexit because the “will of the People” is contradictory, argues Anthony McGann (University of Strathclyde). The people voted to leave the EU, but do not support any of the feasible Brexit options. This paradox is an example of a social choice problem called the “Discursive Dilemma”. The only way out is a referendum that asks the […]

These European Parliament elections could remake our politics

If the European Parliament elections go ahead in May, writes Patrick English (University of Exeter), the contest will be phenomenally intriguing. He looks at where the votes of former Conservative and Ukip supporters are likely to go and finds that Labour’s ambiguous Brexit stance does not appear to be doing much damage to the party’s support among Remain voters.

Few […]

Voting for Brexit has already made the UK poorer

How has voting to leave the EU affected the UK’s economy? The difficulty in answering this question is that we do not know what would have happened to the economy if Remain had won. Consequently, researchers look for ways to estimate what would have happened. For example, how would the UK’s economic output have changed since June 2016 if […]