Finance

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    Market incentives are stacked against companies that try to care about climate change

Market incentives are stacked against companies that try to care about climate change

When the conservative government insists that traded corporations and investment funds should be left to self-regulate around the climate emergency they should recognise that the only arguments supporting them are the theories that gave us the global financial crisis. But if the crisis taught us anything it was that unregulated financial markets are not, in fact, rational in the […]

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    A global research network to help green the financial system

A global research network to help green the financial system

Back in 2015, when the Paris Agreement was signed, just a handful of regulators were engaged with climate change risk, notably the Bank of England and the People’s Bank of China.

But now momentum is growing. March 2019 alone saw three important steps forward. First, the Bank of England’s Mark Carney, one of the first central bankers to take action […]

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    ‘Human plus artificial’ intelligence: the future of work in the investment industry

‘Human plus artificial’ intelligence: the future of work in the investment industry

What is the future of work in the investment industry? How do we, as providers of human capital prepare for the evolution of this profession? What does it mean for employers seeking to engage and motivate staff over the long term?

It is widely accepted that, like most other industries, the financial services industry is in a state of flux. […]

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    European integration and TARGET2 imbalances: fixing the design flaw

European integration and TARGET2 imbalances: fixing the design flaw

Starting at the second half of the 20th century, the economic and political integration of Europe is the largest and longest integration project in human history. It is still a work in process. The integration at this scale undoubtedly comes with profound difficulties and it would be fair to be sympathetic with architects and builders of this project. The difficulties […]

April 25th, 2019|Finance|0 Comments|
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    Should the European Central Bank issue its own digital currency?

Should the European Central Bank issue its own digital currency?

Cryptocurrencies and their potential impact on central banking have sparked a policy debate on addressing their potential risks to the banking and monetary systems. By highlighting the functional similarities between bitcoin and central bank money (CeBM) and investigating the challenges that the potential wider adoption of cryptocurrencies can pose to central banks, my working paper discusses issuing central bank […]

March 21st, 2019|Finance|0 Comments|
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    The UK’s departure could lead to a fragmentation of EU capital markets

The UK’s departure could lead to a fragmentation of EU capital markets

In preparation for Brexit, banks and other financial firms have been setting up offices in various EU cities and moving staff to them. In the case of ‘no deal’, we can expect more staff and functions to be moved. As a matter of prudence, the banks have anyway been required by their supervisors to prepare for a ‘no deal’ […]

February 23rd, 2019|Finance|0 Comments|
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    Sustainable finance in troubling times: five actions to prevent a crisis

Sustainable finance in troubling times: five actions to prevent a crisis

Sustainable finance ended 2018 on a high. Never before has so much capital been committed to integrating environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors. But financial markets also entered an unnerving cycle. If we are not careful, growing financial turbulence could divert attention away from the urgent need to scale up investment in climate action and sustainable development. Instead of […]

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    What happens with cross-border financial services after Brexit?

What happens with cross-border financial services after Brexit?

As we approach the date for leaving the EU, the government has been publishing a series of statutory instruments (U.K. secondary legislation), on-shoring and amending EU regulations ahead of Brexit. This is being done under the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018. During the past weeks risks in this sector linked to a no deal scenario have increased significantly. However, despite […]

January 18th, 2019|Finance, LSE alumni|0 Comments|
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    The trouble in judging a country’s financial health by the size of its debt

The trouble in judging a country’s financial health by the size of its debt

In the second quarter of 2018 global debt reached a new peak, climbing to 260 trillion dollars ($260,000 billion). At the same time, the global debt to GDP ratio crossed the 320 per cent threshold for the first time. Of that total, 61 per cent (160 trillion) is private debt of the non-financial sector, while only 23 per cent […]

November 30th, 2018|Finance|0 Comments|
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    Not everyone understands a key part of new EU financial regulation

Not everyone understands a key part of new EU financial regulation

In the past few years there has been a cavalcade of regulations imposed on European capital markets. While most of these changes are observable only to practitioners, some of them have had immediate visible effects for retail investors. One such rule is the necessity for a ‘key investor document’ (KID) for certain investment products.

A principle aim of global regulators […]

November 16th, 2018|Finance, LSE alumni|0 Comments|

Can social media sentiment affect stock market performance?

The boom of social media in the past decade has transformed the way investors forecast the stock market. As social media provides large volumes of real-time user opinion, investors can potentially exploit that information by leveraging machine learning and natural language processing techniques. In recent years, popular news channels have repeatedly reported that predicting the market using “alternative data”, […]

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    Understanding the international arbitration of investment disputes in Europe

Understanding the international arbitration of investment disputes in Europe

Until Donald Trump’s election campaign in 2016, it appeared as if the United States was dragging the increasingly resistant European Union into the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). The settlement of investment disputes figured prominently among the reasons for the anti-TTIP mood in Europe. For instance, an article in the Independent in 2015 commented that “TTIP’s biggest threat […]

September 8th, 2018|Finance|0 Comments|
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    Ten years from the crash: time to row back on financial regulation and compliance?

Ten years from the crash: time to row back on financial regulation and compliance?

The collapse of Lehman Brothers on 15 September 2008 was the most significant single event of the ‘Great Financial Crisis’ (GFC). In his new book, Crashed, Adam Tooze writes that, “After September 15, 2008, avoiding another Lehman became an idee fixe of crisis managers around the world.” And since then one of the fastest-growing activities in the US and the […]

September 3rd, 2018|Economics, Finance|0 Comments|
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    Climate change poses risks to the financial system. How can central banks deal with them?

Climate change poses risks to the financial system. How can central banks deal with them?

Climate change poses risks to the financial system. Yet our understanding of these risks is still limited. As we explain in a recent paper, central banks and financial regulators could contribute to the development of methodologies and modelling tools for assessing climate-related financial risks. If it becomes clear that these risks are substantial, central banks should consider taking them […]

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    How the media influence investors’ reactions to corporate misconduct

How the media influence investors’ reactions to corporate misconduct

What happens to corporations that misbehave? Are they all punished? Are they all punished in the same way? Despite the cases that attract significant media attention and the potential legal consequences of misconduct, there is no guarantee that all corporations that misbehave will face the same punishment (or even any punishment).

One of the more visible types of punishment, and […]

August 9th, 2018|Finance|0 Comments|
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    Don’t dismiss the possibility of a cut in the Bank of England’s policy rate

Don’t dismiss the possibility of a cut in the Bank of England’s policy rate

Bank of England’s policymakers have unanimously voted to raise the policy rate from 0.5 per cent to 0.75 per cent. The hike, which was widely anticipated by the financial markets, made critics of Bank of England Governor Mark Carney rethink their accusations that the Governor behaves like an “unreliable boyfriend” in the sense that he keeps hinting an interest rate […]

August 4th, 2018|Finance|0 Comments|
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    The 1971 UK banking deregulation had a positive effect on firms

The 1971 UK banking deregulation had a positive effect on firms

Starting in the 1970s, various countries deregulated their banking systems and abandoned the strict rules that governed financial institutions since the Great Depression. Deregulation was intended to increase competition in the credit market, improve consumers’ welfare but it has been indicated by many observers to be at the roots of the 2008 financial crisis. Despite the large interest in […]

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    How Norway’s sovereign wealth fund protected UK jobs after the 2008 crisis

How Norway’s sovereign wealth fund protected UK jobs after the 2008 crisis

Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWFs) are investment funds set up by national governments as a means of saving – potentially across generations – a proportion of foreign exchange inflows, typically as a result of windfalls from natural resources, but also, in some circumstances, from manufactured goods export booms and/or even agricultural surpluses. They may also serve as a stabilisation device […]

June 27th, 2018|Finance|0 Comments|
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    Two corporate governance mechanisms: activism and hostile takeovers

Two corporate governance mechanisms: activism and hostile takeovers

Hostile takeovers have long been considered the quintessential disciplinary governance mechanism. A similarly confrontational strategy has lately come to prominence by way of activist hedge funds that buy into poorly run firms and use the threat of hostile tactics to pressure management into accepting specific proposals to improve shareholder value.

Our paper compares these two governance mechanisms within a unified framework where any outside investor […]

Tackling non-performing loans in the euro area

The European Commission is increasing its pace towards completing the European Banking Union. A European Deposit Insurance Scheme (EDIS) should be the Banking Union’s third pillar. Germans are very sceptical of EDIS, in part because Germany has never had a single deposit insurance scheme. Instead, cooperative banks, savings banks and private banks administer their own deposit insurance systems without […]

May 30th, 2018|Finance|0 Comments|