South America

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    From Bolivian cocaine to Colombian gold, low-level involvement in illicit economies is often driven by poverty and marginalisation

From Bolivian cocaine to Colombian gold, low-level involvement in illicit economies is often driven by poverty and marginalisation

Across Latin America, many impoverished communities rely on income from illicit economies for their survival, yet international development agencies and NGOs have long been reluctant to confront this uncomfortable truth and address its development implications. Drawing on the inaugural issue of LSE’s Journal of Illicit Economies and Development, Allan Gillies (University of Glasgow) looks at what international policy and research communities can do […]

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    As mudanças climáticas vão intensificar a disseminação da dengue no Brasil e ao redor do mundo, e os pobres serão os mais atingidos

As mudanças climáticas vão intensificar a disseminação da dengue no Brasil e ao redor do mundo, e os pobres serão os mais atingidos

Após esforços para erradicar a doença, a dengue ressurgiu na década de 1970 e os futuros aumentos de temperatura e chuvas apenas amplificarão essa tendência. Os governos precisam agir de imediato e adotar medidas preventivas para proteger seus cidadãos, principalmente os mais vulneráveis, escreve Ana de Menezes (LSE Department of Geography and Environment), vencedora do Prêmio Ensaio de Pós-Graduação LSE-BID 2018.

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    Reassessment of the Itaipú Treaty and ‘brasiguayo’ political power could reshape Paraguay’s relationship with Brazil

Reassessment of the Itaipú Treaty and ‘brasiguayo’ political power could reshape Paraguay’s relationship with Brazil

Since the end of the Stroessner dictatorship in 1989, the surge in Brazilian economic, political, and cultural influence has been so pronounced as to make Paraguay almost a client state of its more powerful neighbour. This is clearest in the unequal outcomes of the Itaipú Treaty on joint hydroelectricity generation and in the untrammelled political power of Brazilian-Paraguayan agribusiness in […]

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    We need to understand the Responsibility to Protect before we (mis)apply it in Venezuela

We need to understand the Responsibility to Protect before we (mis)apply it in Venezuela

The principle of the Responsibility to Protect, endorsed unanimously by the United Nations in 2005, is an important component of a global, collective security system. But invoking it inaccurately will do little to help the victims that is was designed to protect, writes Adrian Gallagher (European Centre for the Responsibility to Protect, University of Leeds).

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    Alfonso Cuarón’s Roma shows how visibility can help realise the rights of domestic workers, but more must be done

Alfonso Cuarón’s Roma shows how visibility can help realise the rights of domestic workers, but more must be done

Achieving labour rights for domestic workers requires comprehensive legislation and concrete implementation mechanisms, but public exposure of long-obscured discrimination and abuse can play an important role in shaping mindsets and changing the law, writes Simca Simpson Lapp (Queen Mary University of London).

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    Misjudging the military: Guaidó, Trump, and the long shadow of Venezuela’s civil-military alliance

Misjudging the military: Guaidó, Trump, and the long shadow of Venezuela’s civil-military alliance

The lack of major defections from Venezuela’s armed forces reflects both the power and the perversion of their anti-imperial, developmental, and pro-social role under Hugo Chávez, writes Asa Cusack (LSE Latin America and Caribbean Centre). • n.b. republished courtesy of Al Jazeera; Creative Commons licence does not apply

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    Wilderness to wildest dreams: the remarkable rise of Bolsonaro’s Social Liberal Party in Brazil

Wilderness to wildest dreams: the remarkable rise of Bolsonaro’s Social Liberal Party in Brazil

The same disruptive tactics that swept the PSL and Bolsonaro into power may also undermine their capacity to formulate and negotiate the president’s ambitious legislative agenda, write Mark S. Langevin (George Mason University) and Edmund Ruge in the first of a two-part series on the roots and the role of the Partido Liberal Social.

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    Climate change will intensify the spread of dengue fever in Brazil and beyond, and the poor will be worst hit

Climate change will intensify the spread of dengue fever in Brazil and beyond, and the poor will be worst hit

Dengue fever has made a resurgence since efforts to eradicate the disease in the 1970s, and future rises in temperatures and rainfall will only amplify this trend. Governments need to act now and adopt pre-emptive measures that will protect their citizens, especially the most vulnerable, writes Ana de Menezes (LSE Department of Geography and Environment), winner of the LSE-IDB Postgraduate Essay Prize 2018.

Who is to blame for polarisation in Venezuela? 

While academic research recognises a number of potential drivers of Venezuela’s social and political polarisation, major English-language newspapers tend to depict Chavismo alone as responsible for tearing apart a supposedly peaceful and united nation, writes Alan MacLeod (Glasgow University Media Group).