Iraq

  • Permalink Popular Mobilization Forces following the battle of Fallujah, © Tasnim News Agency, 2016Gallery

    Rifts over Control of the Hashd al-Shaabi: Implications for Government Formation

Rifts over Control of the Hashd al-Shaabi: Implications for Government Formation

by Hayder al-Khafaji

The ongoing negotiations to form the next Iraq government have included fierce debate over competing efforts to control the Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF). During the course of the war against Da’esh (the Islamic State or ISIS), the differences and disagreements between the PMF (itself composed of disparate and often antagonistic paramilitary groups) and the Iraqi government led […]

  • Permalink Image credit: Steve Petrucelli, flickr.comGallery

    Iraq’s State-Owned Enterprises: A Case Study for Public Spending Reform

Iraq’s State-Owned Enterprises: A Case Study for Public Spending Reform

by Ali Al-Mawlawi

Among the most important questions awaiting the next Iraqi government will be how to rein in public sector spending while simultaneously addressing the needs of 2.5 million unemployed Iraqis who urgently require jobs. With the national unemployment rate currently at 16 percent, there is consensus within policymaking circles that job creation needs to focus on the private […]

  • Permalink Monument in Chibasyish, Iraq bearing the images of various Shi'a leaders, 2016. © David StanleyGallery

    Ontologies of Sectarian Identity: The Many Layers of Sunni–Shi’a Relations

Ontologies of Sectarian Identity: The Many Layers of Sunni–Shi’a Relations

by Fanar Haddad 
This memo was presented at a workshop organised by the LSE Middle East Centre on 29 June 2018 looking at the comparative politics of sub-state identity in the Middle East.

For the past 15 years or so, the question of sub-state identities in the Middle East (and particularly in the Mashriq) has been disproportionately associated with the Sunni–Shi’a […]

Tracing the Rise of Sectarianism in Iraq after 2003

by Toby Dodge
This memo was presented at a workshop organised by the LSE Middle East Centre on 29 June 2018 looking at the comparative politics of sub-state identity in the Middle East.

Principle Visions in Iraq

Deploying a ‘Bourdieusian’ approach to explaining the rise of sectarianism within Iraq’s political field after 2003 involves identifying and explaining the rise to dominance of sub-state communalist […]

  • Permalink Supporters of Muqtada Sadr celebrate after Fatah's win during the 2018 elections, Baghdad. © Zoheir Seidanloo, Fars News.Gallery

    Pierre Bourdieu and Explanations of Sectarian Mobilisation in Iraq and the Wider Middle East

Pierre Bourdieu and Explanations of Sectarian Mobilisation in Iraq and the Wider Middle East

by Toby Dodge
This memo was presented at a workshop organised by the LSE Middle East Centre on 29 June 2018 looking at the comparative politics of sub-state identity in the Middle East.

If the study of sectarian mobilisation is both driven and constrained by the polarisation of rationalist individualism and collective structuralism, then applying insights from Pierre Bourdieu’s work may well help […]

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