Nadja Hahn is a business correspondent for ORF, Austrian Radio and an EBU Research Fellow here at Polis. She is researching the public service value of social media. This is her take on a visit to the new BBC integrated newsroom. [have a look her great slide presentation of her research here]
I work for a news organisation where TV, radio and Online staff are located in different buildings. There is lots of talk about a multimedia newsroom, but it makes a lot of colleagues shiver. Social Media is used by only a few. To many, the power of Facebook and Twitter is overrated.
So coming to the new multimedia newsroom at the BBC’s New Broadcasting House was quite a culture shock. TV, radio and online journalists are all in one room and the social media activities are at the very heart of the action.
While many BBC journalists have their own Twitter or Facebook accounts, there is also a dedicated Social Media team. A member of that team attends all editorial morning meetings, to know who is working on which story and to make suggestions. Social media journalists look at content that comes in and send information out.
There’s a user generated content (UGC) team that looks at all things that the audience sends in, via email, comments on stories on the BBC website, or pictures and posts on Facebook, Twitter and other social media websites. This team takes the temperature of what’s happening on social media and what people talk about. Looking at the content they see, the journalists make an editorial judgment about what’s serious and relevant. They verify the sources of the content coming in. Once it’s cleared it can be used by all BBC media.
But they also reach out to the audience if they have specific questions. For example, by using the Twitter account @bbc_haveyoursay. One recent tweet reads: ‘Are you in #Egypt? What do you think of the decision to pardon ‘revolutionaries’? Do you know someone who may be freed?’ http://t.co/ON7LcBNH
Another example. The Conservatives in the UK say social benefits should be cut in order to help reduce the public deficit. The user generated content team will look for people affected. Contacts can then be used in all programmes. The fact that all departments sit next to each other, makes sharing that material so much easier, the UGC journalists say.
Twitter: The BBC’s news wire
There’s another team sending news out via Twitter and Facebook and Google+. These journalists sit right in the centre of the newsroom. That’s important to make sure that the content on all platforms is the same and that you can post a link to the most current angle of a story. Communication between departments is key and much easier in a multimedia newsroom, editors tell me.
It reminds me very much of a newsroom at a news wire I used to work for. Journalists tweeting news for example on @bbcbreaking are a little bit like headline writers. Except that a tweet can be written in many different ways, it can be news only, it can be a question, it can be a teaser, etc. Every tweet needs a second pair of eyes. I think, because of Twitter, the BBC is now also a wire service.
Not every tweet makes sense on Facebook. Content on the BBC Facebook pages looks and feels different. It will have fewer posts and more selected news, things that are more chatty, personal, a link to pictures that people might enjoy such as photos sent in by the audience.
Facebook and Twitter journalism requires a whole new set of skills, I am told. That’s why most of the BBC staff have had social media training, to know what to write and what rules to follow in order not to risk breaking rules of balanced and impartial journalism.
New technology, old values
But what’s the public value in all of this? Here are some of answers I was given to that question:
Better stories; being able to tell stories faster; having more contacts; being able to reflect more views; a better understanding of what the audience wants to know; reaching a wider audience; making young people interested in quality BBC programmes; saving money for the BBC by being more efficient; marketing quality news and making the BBC more accountable to the public.
So, all is new at BBC Broadcasting House. Social Media is at the heart of the action. But despite all the new technology, every journalist using social media must stick to very old values: accuracy, fact checking, balanced and impartial reporting and simply picking up the phone to ask: “Is it true?”
On Thursday October 18th at 6pm Nadja will be presenting some initial research findings to a seminar at LSE. Email us if you’d like to take part: Polis@lse.ac.uk
Click here to listen to an interview about social media with BBC World Affairs producer Stuart Hughes.
You can see some slides that Nadja produced for her research seminar here: What is the value of social media to (3)