Sam Friedman

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    The dogged persistence of the British ‘old boy’: how private school alumni reach the elite

The dogged persistence of the British ‘old boy’: how private school alumni reach the elite

The mythical figure of the public-school ‘Old Boy’ has long had a hold on the British cultural imagination. But, as Aaron Reeves and Sam Friedman explain, alumni of elite schools continue to enjoy very real advantages in reaching the elite.

Of the fifty-four Prime Ministers elected to office in Great Britain, a staggering thirty-six (67%) were educated at one of […]

Introducing the ‘class’ ceiling

The hidden barriers, or ‘glass ceiling’, preventing women from getting to the top are well documented. But as Sam Friedman and Daniel Laurison explain, the upwardly mobile also face a powerful and previously unrecognised ‘class ceiling’ within Britain’s elite occupations.

According to Alan Milburn – the coalition government’s anointed ‘Social Mobility Tzar’ – one of the most pressing policy priorities […]