With the United States and the Taliban close to reaching a conclusion to nearly 10 years of peace talks, it is becoming increasingly likely that the United States will announce the complete military withdrawal from Afghanistan after nearly two decades. Here Barbara Kelemen (Central European Institute of Asian Studies, Bratislava, Slovakia) and Terra Schroeder (Asia-Pacific Foundation, London) explain five […]
A balance between threats and reassurance: How India threatens but also reassures Pakistan in times of crisis
Nuclear-armed rivals India and Pakistan have been involved in several intense crises in recent years. During these crises however it is not simply the presence of a threat which defines their disputes. Looking at India’s behaviour towards Pakistan Karthika Sasikumar (San Jose State University, USA) explains how during a time of crisis, threatening behaviour is matched with acts of reassurance.
Analysts tend […]
With the Myanmar government and armed forces facing charges of genocide against the country’s Rohingya population, Andrew Selth (Griffith Asia Institute, Australia) explains why its new pariah status will probably hinder the development of intelligence contacts with Western countries.
In 2003, Myanmar was described as one of the most tightly controlled dictatorships in the world. The main instrument used by […]
High on inaction: Why the international community fails to take Afghanistan’s illegal opium economy seriously
Afghanistan’s opium economy continues to flourish. At the same time, the country has seen the largest international military and civilian missions in recent history. How is that possible? Several attempts were made to link illicit drugs with insurgency and terrorism. But why haven’t states taken this seriously? Jorrit Kamminga (Clingendael Institute & Oxfam Novib) discusses his research into securitisation […]
Borders in 2019 do not just represent territorial frontiers but are sites where ideas of nationalism are performed on a daily basis. Taking the Afghanistan-Pakistan border as an example Sanaa Alimia (Leibniz Zentrum Moderner Orient, Berlin) looks at how the introduction of ID cards has come to symbolise more than just the the control of a border.
Walls. Fences. Checkpoints. These […]
One of the features of the Indo-Pakistani rivalry that receives little attention is the impressive array of bilateral confidence-building measures. Here Ryan French explains how such confidence-building measures could be strengthened to build trust and disincentivise armed conflict between the two countries.
Just a few months ago, the world held its breath as India and Pakistan exchanged blows from the […]
As Indians vote through the rest of April and the first half of May, former-Financial Times journalist and author of Implosion: India’s Tryst with Reality John Elliott, assesses India’s foreign policy over the last five years. Looking at role of the country’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi (who is currently seeking re-election) Elliott argues why Modi’s achievements have failed to […]
Since the Taliban Regime was ousted by the US-led coalition forces, international initiatives have been trying to rebuild Afghanistan as a democratic and liberal state for a long-lasting peace. However, despite all efforts, Afghanistan is still far from being stable. As a significant reason, Emrah Ozdemir (Karatekin University, Turkey) investigates to what extent the interveners could understand the situation […]
China has become an increasingly active player in attempts to stabilise Afghanistan and curb militancy in Pakistan. But to what extent has China offered tangible and effective contributions to stability? Saira Basit (Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies), Neil Macfarlane (University of Oxford) and Stina Torjesen (University of Agder) argue that the evidence so far is mixed: Chinese diplomacy has […]
Can military forces mitigate insurgent activity—“win hearts and minds”—by implementing small, localised aid projects? Evidence from the recent wars in Afghanistan and Iraq has provided contradictory answers to the question of aid’s ability to mitigate violence. Taking the two countries as case studies Daniel Karell (New York University, Abu Dhabi) and Sebastian Schutte (Peace Research Institute, Oslo) explore the role of […]