It is a paradox that information and communication technologies provide limitless opportunities for feminist sharing of knowledge, campaigning, solidarity and mutual aid: while also facilitating online abuse of women and girls, particularly women leaders, women of colour, and lesbian, bisexual and transgender women.

During this 16 Days of Activism, we are taking time to reflect on where we are and where we can go in future.

Scroll down to find resources for tackling online violence against women – from international legal standards, private sector responsibilities, useful tools to help ensure safety online, and much more.

We look forward to an exchange with you.

Want more? Read the online violence against women series on the LSE Women, Peace and Security blog, featuring posts from academia, civil society, NGOs, women parliamentarians and others.

International Laws and Standards

What are countries doing?

Association for Progressive Communications and Hivos

Association for Progressive Communications

Private sector responsibilities

Implementing the United Nations “Protect, Respect and Remedy” Framework

Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression

Institute for Human Rights and Business

Business & Human Rights Resource Centre

edited by Mariarosaria Taddeo and Luciano Floridi

Articles and research

Jamie Bartlett

Creating a feminist internet

Staying safe online

Tactical Technology Collective

Safety Net Australia Project at WESNET

BC Rural Women’s Network

Take back the tech!

Association for Progressive Communications

Reporting violence on social media

Account and Community Restrictions

Other useful reports and resources

UN Broadband Commission for Digital Development Working Group on Broadband and Gender

European Institute for Gender Equality