China has become an increasingly active player in attempts to stabilise Afghanistan and curb militancy in Pakistan. But to what extent has China offered tangible and effective contributions to stability? Saira Basit (Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies), Neil Macfarlane (University of Oxford) and Stina Torjesen (University of Agder) argue that the evidence so far is mixed: Chinese diplomacy has […]
Can military forces mitigate insurgent activity—“win hearts and minds”—by implementing small, localised aid projects? Evidence from the recent wars in Afghanistan and Iraq has provided contradictory answers to the question of aid’s ability to mitigate violence. Taking the two countries as case studies Daniel Karell (New York University, Abu Dhabi) and Sebastian Schutte (Peace Research Institute, Oslo) explore the role of […]
Suicide bombing has sadly become a key feature of political violence in Pakistan since 2001. Luqman Saeed (Royal Holloway) looks at the historic data on suicide bombings, the victims of the attacks and the type of attacks to determine whether Pakistan is afflicted by this form of political violence more than any other country around the world – even […]
The India-Myanmar border has recently made the headlines after the Tatmadaw (Myanmar Army) reportedly conducted counter insurgency operations against Indian insurgents groups. But cross border movement of insurgents is only one of several security challenges facing the policing of the border. Pushpita Das (Research Fellow, IDSA) examines the other security challenges currently emanating across the India-Myanmar border.
In February 2019 […]
Neighbours by geography, the foundations of their friendship were laid down by visionary leaders of both Bangladesh and Bhutan, based on their common aspirations for peace, mutual respect, collective prosperity and deeper integration, writes Mohammad Tarikul Islam (Jahangirnagar University).
Bangladesh and Bhutan are currently leveraging their opportunities and elaborating methods to handle their competitive advantages. These are primarily factor-advantages, among which […]
It’s becoming increasingly common to hear the militancy in Kashmir described as “new”. Taking the long-view of the conflict, Umair Gul (Nelson Mandela Centre for Peace and Conflict Resolution) looks at the history of the militancy movement and what similarities the militants fighting today might have with those who fought in the past.
Many security analysts, academics and journalists have in recent […]
Little is known about the drivers and effects of post-war Security Sector Reform in countries that receive help from non-Western governments. Taking Nepal as an example, Subindra Bogati (Nepal Peacebuilding Initiative)and Julia Strasheim (Federal Chancellor Helmut Schmidt Foundation) look at what the possible consequences of Indian and Chinese SSR engagement in Nepal could be for the country’s peace and […]
The dilemmas of open regionalism: What is Sri Lanka’s place in the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation?
Sri Lanka’s ports are at the heart of China’s Belt Road Initiative. With the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation following China’s foreign policy direction, Natasha Fernando (INSSSL) asks if Sri Lanka’s ‘dialogue partner’ status is enough to allow the country to benefit from the intergovernmental organisation’s focus on security and economic development while maintaining its position of non-alignment.
Photo: Cargo Ship | […]
As India and China continue to vie for supremacy of the highly geopolitically prized Indian Ocean, Shantanu Roy-Chaudhury focuses on the roles of Bangladesh, Myanmar and Maldives and their strategic importance for both states.
The world is increasingly understanding the strategic aspect of maritime power in the present day. The Indian Ocean is a growing region of competition and […]
Today there is growing importance of oceans for trade and commerce. While acknowledging the strategic position of the island in the Indian Ocean Region, small states such as Sri Lanka have to be aware of the geopolitical implications resulting in complications that require foreign policy adjustments, writes Natasha Fernando.
Today there is growing importance of oceans for trade and commerce. […]