In 2020, the gender wage gap is essentially due to two main factors. First, occupational segregation, in particular the underrepresentation of women in maths and science in education and in the labour market, while these fields are important avenues of professional success and high earnings. Second, women’s weaker attachment to paid work: interrupted careers, shorter working hours, and higher […]
Gender-specific board quotas have become an end in itself. Previous research evidence from Norway and Italy shows that even though board quotas increase the share of women in the boardroom, they do not advance the prospects for women further down the career ladder. Unlike European countries, South Africa did not only introduce targets for company boards but most importantly […]
Most forward-thinking companies accept that creating an equitable and inclusive workplace is a leadership challenge and one which needs to involve men as active stakeholders. While it is reassuring to see less focus on ‘fixing the women’ and more on engaging men, there is a lot of confusion about what this actually means and how to approach it, or […]
COVID-19 and the compulsory regime of domestic confinement in many countries worldwide have led millions of families to deal with unprecedented and challenging circumstances. To assess the coping strategies of family members, we designed two studies to explore whether gender plays a role in crisis management responses that individuals use under mandatory domesticity. We investigated emerging and evolving household […]
COVID-19 has upended the world of work, but societal disparities have not changed. In fact, the pandemic has amplified gender, race, ethnic and socioeconomic inequities. East Asian communities are documenting a rise in racism, women are facing a disproportionate loss of jobs, and domestic abuse is on the rise. The pandemic is unevenly affecting people and nowhere is this […]
The discussion of “fair” participation of female professionals in the workforce has been a hot topic in business literature and practice. Several large enterprises, such as Santander, Uber, PWC and McKinsey, to name a few, are putting policies in place to tackle gender inequality. The issue, however, seems to go beyond representation.
The following table shows some of the barriers […]
It was just 50 years ago that women’s role in the economy began to drastically change. Reflecting striking social and industrial movements during the 20th century, they increasingly entered the formal labour force as both employees and entrepreneurs. As the number of working women grew, it became clear: global prosperity and women’s economic participation are inextricably linked. Their empowerment […]
The days of collecting your carriage clock and waving goodbye to your workmates of 45 years are over, particularly as more people, whether through choice or necessity, are now working into their late 60s and 70s. In the EU, about one fifth (19%) of the population is 65 or more. A 65-year-old in the United Kingdom can now expect […]
Over the last decade, our approach to gender inequality in the UK workplace has remained relatively static. We’ve pitched the business case for change, tried to transform mindsets with diversity and unconscious bias training, and done our best to influence the leadership pipeline with development and mentoring programmes.
In 2017, I wrote about the urgent need to change tack. The UK’s Hampton […]
Half of the electorate are women. Research has consistently shown that women are more likely to be floating voters and to make their minds up on how to vote later than men. Securing women’s votes is increasingly recognised as essential for parties as they seek to consolidate their voting base and capture undecided voters. This is something we have […]
Even though women surpass men in university graduation rates and other skill-based gains, the Conference Board of Canada (2011) found it will take over 151 years for women and men to achieve parity in middle management, let alone senior leadership. Sheryl Sandberg’s book, Lean In (2013), invigorated a worldwide conversation about the representation of women in leadership roles. However, […]
The relative position of women in academic economics has increased dramatically over the last two decades. Nevertheless, in 2016 women held only 16 per cent of the chairs in the UK. Unlike the STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) disciplines with similarly low female participation rates, economics has attracted very little attention from university governing bodies or publicly funded […]
In 2015, Patricia Arquette won the Oscar for best supporting actress, her speech was a call for equal pay among female and male stars in Hollywood. Her words at the gala ceremony were cheered and later on supported by widely recognised actresses in the industry such as Meryl Streep, Charlize Theron, Jennifer Lawrence, or Natalie Portman. But do male […]
Tackling structural inequalities in the UK is fundamental to social cohesion and to enabling economic growth to benefit all. And the case for businesses to do so is clear. Reducing the gender pay gap in labour market participation, Science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM) qualifications and wages could increase the UK economy by £55 billion by 2030. Likewise, companies […]
I draw data for multiple cohorts of American men and women in the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (the longest running longitudinal household survey in the world) and the Multinational Time Use Study to understand how married people use their time.
Women born in 1935, such as Jane Fonda, worked for pay for about 800 hours per year – 16 […]
In June 2019, journalist Anne Helen Petersen tweeted a screenshot of the acknowledgements section of the book Downsizing in America (New York: Russell Sage, 2003). In it, the book’s authors – William J. Baumol, Alan S. Blinder, and Edward N. Wolff – thank Sue Anne Batey Blackman for her contributions, stating that she was “a coauthor in all but name.” […]
Women and men from ethnically and racially diverse backgrounds suffer from an ‘emotional tax’ in Canadian workplaces, according to research from Catalyst. “I don’t feel like I’m the insider,” said one respondent. In the study of men and women in Canada, 77 per cent of women and men of colour interviewed shared distressing stories of exclusion in the workplace. […]
Over the past several decades, countries around the world have made significant progress in advancing women’s social, economic, and political rights. The United Nations has even made gender equality one of its Sustainable Development Goals for the next decade, recognising that women’s rights are important not merely for equality’s sake, but that they are also fundamental for achieving other […]
Combining an enriching career and a loving relationship is a goal for many people. But for women, this goal still presents higher hurdles, even in the most gender-equal countries in the world. Our research on Sweden finds that women pay a high price for their career success. Being promoted to a top job in politics or business leads to […]