Urban, rural and regional policies

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    Why there’s often more to gentrification than meets the eye

Why there’s often more to gentrification than meets the eye

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Most accounts of gentrification in America’s cities center around the idea of well-off outsiders moving into a poorer neighborhood and then largely ignoring local shops and businesses in favor of upscale boutiques or suburban-style chains. In new research which focuses on the Mount Pleasant neighborhood in Washington, DC, Andrew Riely finds that while many gentrifiers are seeking a more […]

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    Eight out of ten mayors in America have experienced violent or psychological abuse

Eight out of ten mayors in America have experienced violent or psychological abuse

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The sad fact of violence and abuse against politicians is nothing new, but the rise of social media now provides new avenues for psychological abuse and threatening behavior towards elected officials. In new research, Sue Thomas, Rebekah Herrick and colleagues use a survey to investigate experiences of violence and psychological abuse among American mayors. They find that 80 percent of […]

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    Portland Public School’s 1970s one-way busing policies continue to influence student enrollment and transfer patterns today

Portland Public School’s 1970s one-way busing policies continue to influence student enrollment and transfer patterns today

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In the 1970s, busing programs in the North, Midwest, and West aimed to overcome school segregation which was mostly linked to residential patterns. Leanne Serbulo charts the impacts of Portland, Oregon’s one-way busing policies which saw the burden of integration fall on black students. When this policy ended, she writes, policies to improve schools in majority-Black neighborhoods, and the […]

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    Book Review: Why Cities Lose: The Deep Roots of the Urban-Rural Political Divide by Jonathan A. Rodden

Book Review: Why Cities Lose: The Deep Roots of the Urban-Rural Political Divide by Jonathan A. Rodden

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Parties of the centre-left in the US, the UK and a number of other countries win legislative power less frequently that their centre-right competitors, relative to the share of the votes they get at elections. This is because of the electoral system deployed in these countries and the geographies of party support. Ron Johnston reviews an important new book, […]

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    Better fiscal policy to help rural communities starts with better defining what rural means

Better fiscal policy to help rural communities starts with better defining what rural means

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What makes a community ‘rural’? Is it its population, or its location compared to urban areas? With the federal government allocating millions to support rural development, these definitions matter. In new research, Geoffrey Propheter tests a new definition of ‘rurality’ which incorporates population, population density, and airport proximity. He finds that depending on which definition is used, the likelihood […]

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    State authorities often argue that they can run airports more cheaply than cities. But the evidence is mixed.

State authorities often argue that they can run airports more cheaply than cities. But the evidence is mixed.

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There are more than 5,000 airports in public use in the United States. Some are run by cities, while others are state-controlled. Zachary Mohr looks at what happens when a state tries to bring a city-run airport into its control. He writes that while states contend that authorities can run airports much more cheaply, the arguments do not always […]

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    Why house prices in some neighborhoods and regions have recovered better than others since the Great Recession

Why house prices in some neighborhoods and regions have recovered better than others since the Great Recession

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After the Great Recession, not all neighborhoods and regions were equally resilient to booms and busts in the housing market. To explain differences in the resilience of housing markets, Kyungsoon Wang examined home value trajectories before and after the 2007 US housing crisis. She found that while financial mortgage programs helped recovery in the short term, more sustainable urban […]

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    When cities face hard financial times, pension liabilities are often the first to go underfunded

When cities face hard financial times, pension liabilities are often the first to go underfunded

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American cities have to pay for a lot of things: police and other safety services, roads, infrastructure and public buildings. But they are also responsible for the pensions of former city employees. In new research, Evgenia Gorina finds that when cities have less stable revenues and a greater reliance on payments from their home state, their pension liabilities are […]

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    Racial bias means people of color are excluded at each stage of buying a house, helping housing inequality to persist  

Racial bias means people of color are excluded at each stage of buying a house, helping housing inequality to persist  

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In new research, Elizabeth Korver-Glenn examines why racial residential segregation has become such a stubborn problem in America – and in some cases has actually gotten worse. Using ethnographic research of real estate agents, developers, lenders, and appraisers in Houston, Texas, she finds that their routines and policies often exclude people of color as prospective home buyers based on […]

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    How our social interactions influence our decision to buy a new home

How our social interactions influence our decision to buy a new home

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Investment decisions are not made in a social vacuum: what we hear from friends affects how attractive we perceive an asset or product to be, write Theresa Kuchler and Johannes Stroebel.

People regularly interact with their family, friends, and colleagues, but the effects of such social interactions on economic and financial decision-making are not well understood. Do such interactions influence […]

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