Monthly Archives: August 2019

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    Compact cities have many advantages – clean air isn’t one of them

Compact cities have many advantages – clean air isn’t one of them

Air pollution is bad for us. We all know that polluted air is detrimental to our health and recent research shows that it can also affect our performance in education, productivity at work and even our safety. This has important implications for our cities. Why? Because air pollution is primarily an urban problem. It is in large cities and their urban cores where we typically experience the worst air quality. As a result, the economist’s textbook description of urbanisation lists air pollution as one of […]

Are you allowed to augment my reality?

In 2016, the Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington D.C. asked people to stop playing Pokémon GO inside the museum; having players trying to catch Pokémon detracted from the somber material the museum displayed. While Pokémon GO was one of the first uses of augmented reality to capture the public imagination, the technology is increasingly common in both business and […]

Is the big-box store killing Main Street?

The opening of big-box stores – i.e., large chain supermarket stores – has been a political concern in many countries over the last 20 years. Their critics claim they create enormous negative externalities in pre-existing market and city structures. They also say that this type of stores exacerbates pollution levels and contributes to the hollowing out of city centres, […]

Trade with China benefited US consumers

International trade is widely viewed as creating winners and losers in an economy. Influential work has documented that US labour markets were heavily disrupted by the surge of imports following China’s joining the World Trade Organisation in 2001, a historic change in trade widely referred to as the “China shock”. Much less is known, though, about the extent to […]

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    Competition policy in the age of digital platforms: what’s at stake

Competition policy in the age of digital platforms: what’s at stake

The rise of the giant tech platforms has raised many questions about their dominance — not only their market power, but also their political influence and power to adjust individual human behaviours. A recent LSE Business Breakfast (held under Chatham House rules — opinions may be reported but not attributed) discussed some of the policies that often make up […]

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    Think Tanks: The New Knowledge and Policy Brokers in Asia – Book Review

Think Tanks: The New Knowledge and Policy Brokers in Asia – Book Review

Think Tanks: The New Knowledge and Policy Brokers in Asia. James G. McGann. Brookings Institution Press. 2019.

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If you study think tanks or research institutes then you have inevitably come across the work of James McGann and the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTCSP) at the University of Pennsylvania. For the past decade, the TTCSP’s yearly […]

August 18th, 2019|Book Review|0 Comments|

‘UK-apore’ leaves a lot to be desired

In Johnson’s eyes and those of fellow ardent free-marketeers, a ‘Singapore scenario’ would be achieved by an ultra-business-friendly environment with low or zero corporation tax, low wages, weak trade unions, vestigial welfare provisions and a significant temporary migrant ‘non-citizen’ workforce (around 30 per cent of the total workforce), largely without the protection of national labour laws or access to […]

August 17th, 2019|Economics|0 Comments|
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    To tackle precarity in the platform economy, shift the narrative

To tackle precarity in the platform economy, shift the narrative

In our increasingly digitised world, a crucial role is played by online platforms. These platforms — dynamic websites which constitute digital public squares or marketplaces — affect the economy and our society in various ways and their regulation (or lack thereof) is increasingly the subject of public and political debate. Whether it be the way in which Facebook deals […]

Why people need the dark web, whether they want it or not

Never before has the real world been so interconnected with the cyber with an increasing amount of our everyday activity becoming digitised. However, what we say, what information we look at, and every online activity necessarily leaves electronic records and footprints that can reveal some of our most personal activities and attributes. Unsurprisingly, this is something that has not […]

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    Why entrepreneurs need a positive professional time perspective

Why entrepreneurs need a positive professional time perspective

To start a new venture, entrepreneurs need to recognise a profitable business opportunity, and to do this, they must have supportive and positive views about their professional past, present, and future (that is, a supportive and positive professional time perspective). Yet, they may have had negative professional experiences in the past and they may be having similar experiences in […]

How to avoid a demotion

“I’ve exceeded my performance targets year after year and finally found myself getting demoted without having asked to do a step back. It does make you wonder how this came about, all I know that it has nothing to do with my performance at work.”

Demotion, a downwards career move with a mainly negative connotation, is more common than […]

Understanding China’s robot phenomenon

China is the world’s largest user of industrial robots. In 2016, sales of industrial robots in the country reached 87,000 units, accounting for around 30 per cent of the global market. To put this number in perspective, robot sales in all of Europe and the Americas in 2016 reached 97,300 units (according to data from the International Federation of […]

August 12th, 2019|Economics|1 Comment|
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    Getting the Most out of Your Doctorate: The Importance of Supervision, Networking and Becoming a Global Academic – Book Review

Getting the Most out of Your Doctorate: The Importance of Supervision, Networking and Becoming a Global Academic – Book Review

Getting the Most out of Your Doctorate: The Importance of Supervision, Networking and Becoming a Global Academic. Mollie Dollinger (ed.). Emerald Publishing. 2019.

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The first few weeks of the doctoral student experience can be daunting, to say the least. Orientation programmes outline unfamiliar expectations predicated on, for most, an alarming amount of personal discipline and accountability. At […]

August 11th, 2019|Book Review|0 Comments|
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    No-deal Brexit: don’t ask ‘if’ the economy will be hit, but ‘how much’ and ‘for how long’

No-deal Brexit: don’t ask ‘if’ the economy will be hit, but ‘how much’ and ‘for how long’

To judge by the early pronouncements of the Johnson government, a ‘no-deal’ Brexit is not only worth contemplating, but could well occur. Although both sides continue to profess their hope – and expectation – that a withdrawal agreement can be negotiated, the risks have plainly increased, despite Johnson’s bold assessment of there being a one in a million chance of a […]

Content pricing in the age of the digital-native generation

The advent of the internet and information technology has led to the digitisation of content and this, in turn, has transformed the distribution and consumption of goods like newspapers, books, CDs, and DVDs. Traditionally, consumers have purchased content in a physical medium. Today, an increasing number of consumers buy and consume digital content such as newspapers, eBooks, album and […]

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    Can robots help fund nicer and more attractive places to live?

Can robots help fund nicer and more attractive places to live?

Robots are going to take our jobs, right?  Well, maybe. The available evidence provides conflicting results. In the US, one new robot reduces employment by 5.6 workers and local wages by about 0.5 per cent according to estimates in Daron Acemoglu and Pascual Restrepo’s much cited 2017 paper. In Germany, more robots decrease employment in the manufacturing sector but increase […]

August 8th, 2019|Economics|0 Comments|
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    The neglected fact of diversity research: religious identity in the workplace

The neglected fact of diversity research: religious identity in the workplace

Some years ago, we started to wonder when (or when not), how and why (or why not) employees are expressing their religious identity at work.

This interest was driven by some highly visible cases were employees’ religious beliefs were in conflict with work. For example, two Catholic midwives sought to avoid supervising abortion procedures, a case that reached the UK […]

Change when the clock is ticking

Much is being said right now about the phenomenon of change as an ongoing process: change is in fact, changing. In today’s dynamic disruptive world, we are in a constant state of flux. Better get used to it! Build the skills to become agile! But what if you must also pull off a singular large disruptive change, and one in […]

August 6th, 2019|Leadership|1 Comment|
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    We are heading towards a skills-based, rather than degree-based labour market

We are heading towards a skills-based, rather than degree-based labour market

The rise of tech is currently transforming the labour market, leading to the automation of some jobs and tasks on the one hand and the emergence of new kinds on the other. Proactively preparing for this new reality requires an in-depth, granular understanding of these changes and their impact on jobs and employment. LinkedIn data is able to provide […]

Can Science Make Sense of Life? – Book Review

Can Science Make Sense of Life? Sheila Jasanoff. Polity. 2019.

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On 31 March 2019, at a workshop for the Canadian Network for Science and Democracy in Ottawa, Pforzheimer Professor of Science and Technology Studies (STS) Sheila Jasanoff gave a keynote presentation in which she reflected on co-production as a method and her own expectations when introducing it nearly […]

August 4th, 2019|Book Review|0 Comments|