Gender

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    Most party manifestos have taken women’s interests seriously

Most party manifestos have taken women’s interests seriously

Half of the electorate are women. Research has consistently shown that women are more likely to be floating voters and to make their minds up on how to vote later than men. Securing women’s votes is increasingly recognised as essential for parties as they seek to consolidate their voting base and capture undecided voters. This is something we have […]

December 7th, 2019|Gender|0 Comments|
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    Who has to ‘lean in’ for equal gender representation in leadership roles?

Who has to ‘lean in’ for equal gender representation in leadership roles?

Even though women surpass men in university graduation rates and other skill-based gains, the Conference Board of Canada (2011) found it will take over 151 years for women and men to achieve parity in middle management, let alone senior leadership. Sheryl Sandberg’s book, Lean In (2013), invigorated a worldwide conversation about the representation of women in leadership roles. However, […]

November 15th, 2019|Gender|0 Comments|

The gender pay gap among economists in the UK

The relative position of women in academic economics has increased dramatically over the last two decades. Nevertheless, in 2016 women held only 16 per cent of the chairs in the UK. Unlike the STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) disciplines with similarly low female participation rates, economics has attracted very little attention from university governing bodies or publicly funded […]

November 5th, 2019|Economics, Gender|0 Comments|
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    The unexplained 25% wage gap between male and female Hollywood actors

The unexplained 25% wage gap between male and female Hollywood actors

In 2015, Patricia Arquette won the Oscar for best supporting actress, her speech was a call for equal pay among female and male stars in Hollywood. Her words at the gala ceremony were cheered and later on supported by widely recognised actresses in the industry such as Meryl Streep, Charlize Theron, Jennifer Lawrence, or Natalie Portman. But do male […]

October 28th, 2019|Gender|0 Comments|
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    Businesses should report not only on gender but also on race

Businesses should report not only on gender but also on race

Tackling structural inequalities in the UK is fundamental to social cohesion and to enabling economic growth to benefit all. And the case for businesses to do so is clear. Reducing the gender pay gap in labour market participation, Science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM) qualifications and wages could increase the UK economy by £55 billion by 2030. Likewise, companies […]

October 26th, 2019|Gender, Management|0 Comments|
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    How married men and women in the US use their time has changed over the years

How married men and women in the US use their time has changed over the years

I draw data for multiple cohorts of American men and women in the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (the longest running longitudinal household survey in the world) and the Multinational Time Use Study to understand how married people use their time.

Women born in 1935, such as Jane Fonda, worked for pay for about 800 hours per year – 16 […]

October 23rd, 2019|Economics, Gender|0 Comments|

Behind every successful man…

In June 2019, journalist Anne Helen Petersen tweeted a screenshot of the acknowledgements section of the book Downsizing in America (New York: Russell Sage, 2003). In it, the book’s authors – William J. Baumol, Alan S. Blinder, and Edward N. Wolff – thank Sue Anne Batey Blackman for her contributions, stating that she was “a coauthor in all but name.” […]

September 21st, 2019|Gender|0 Comments|

Why people of colour are on their guard in the workplace

Women and men from ethnically and racially diverse backgrounds suffer from an ‘emotional tax’ in Canadian workplaces, according to research from Catalyst. “I don’t feel like I’m the insider,” said one respondent. In the study of men and women in Canada, 77 per cent of women and men of colour interviewed shared distressing stories of exclusion in the workplace. […]

August 29th, 2019|Gender|0 Comments|
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    Gender equality improves life satisfaction for men and women

Gender equality improves life satisfaction for men and women

Over the past several decades, countries around the world have made significant progress in advancing women’s social, economic, and political rights. The United Nations has even made gender equality one of its Sustainable Development Goals for the next decade, recognising that women’s rights are important not merely for equality’s sake, but that they are also fundamental for achieving other […]

August 24th, 2019|Gender|0 Comments|

Top jobs lead to divorce for women, but not for men

Combining an enriching career and a loving relationship is a goal for many people. But for women, this goal still presents higher hurdles, even in the most gender-equal countries in the world. Our research on Sweden finds that women pay a high price for their career success. Being promoted to a top job in politics or business leads to […]

July 11th, 2019|Gender|1 Comment|

Women give up competing more easily than men

Why are women underrepresented at the top of both academia and the corporate world? They represent only 25 per cent of professors in the UK and 5 per cent of Fortune 500 CEOs. Behavioural economists have recently offered various new explanations for the gender gap in education and labour market outcomes. Choices made in controlled experimental settings hint at differences […]

July 9th, 2019|Gender|2 Comments|
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    Degendering: how the conception of the ‘woman worker’ changes

Degendering: how the conception of the ‘woman worker’ changes

Part-time work is generally associated with women and a way of helping mothers balance work and family life. However, the role of part-time work in women’s labour market adaptations differs across Europe. In Scandinavia, the previously high levels of part-time employment among women are declining, and the link between motherhood and part-time work is disappearing. The long passage of […]

July 5th, 2019|Gender|0 Comments|

The limits of the ‘resilient woman’ ideal

In the recently released film Late Night, the protagonist Molly (Mindy Kaling, who also wrote the screenplay), a young woman of Indian heritage, realises her dream of working with the legendary Katherine Newbury (Emma Thompson) whose once popular show is losing ratings and is now threatened with being taken off the air. When she enters her new office, the […]

July 1st, 2019|Gender|1 Comment|
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    History shows that women’s autonomy leads to long-term development

History shows that women’s autonomy leads to long-term development

Looking at recent growth successes and failures, some of the positive stories of economies were characterised by relatively high female autonomy: Botswana had the highest GDP growth rates of the last decades and had not only favourable institutions, but also high gender equality (Robinson 2009; data on gender equality: Carmichael, Dilli and Rijpma, 2014). Similarly, China and South Korea […]

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    Marriage equality boosted employment of both partners in US gay and lesbian couples

Marriage equality boosted employment of both partners in US gay and lesbian couples

Progress towards marriage equality within the U.S. has been extremely rapid in the last twenty years. In 2004, Massachusetts became the first state to legalise same-sex marriage. Following its example, more and more states approved marriage equality until the ruling in 2015 of the US Supreme Court legalised same-sex marriage at the federal level. Were these amendments to marriage […]

May 9th, 2019|Gender|0 Comments|
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    Men’s incomes still largely determine a household’s one-per-cent status

Men’s incomes still largely determine a household’s one-per-cent status

It is clear from research on corporate leadership that a glass ceiling prevents many women from occupying top executive or CEO positions. In new research, we find that the glass ceiling is far more extensive than previous literature has determined: women are not just excluded from top leadership positions, but rather they are excluded from nearly all top income positions regardless of occupation. […]

May 4th, 2019|Gender|0 Comments|

Bias and belief in meritocracy in AI and engineering

As artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning techniques increasingly leave engineering laboratories to be deployed as decision-making tools in Human Resources (HR) and related contexts, recognition of and concerns about the potential biases of these tools grows. These tools first learn and then uncritically and mechanically reproduce existing inequalities. Recent research shows that this uncritical reproduction is not a […]

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    The mandatory pay gap reporting regulation needs to go broader and deeper

The mandatory pay gap reporting regulation needs to go broader and deeper

On 4 April, the second round of gender pay gap reporting will take place for English, Scottish and Welsh businesses and voluntary sector organisations with 250 or more employees (30 March for public sector organisations). In the first round in 2018, around 94% of all organisations covered by the regulations reported, providing the most detailed set of information about […]

March 16th, 2019|Gender|0 Comments|
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    It takes a village: career choices are influenced by society more than by upbringing

It takes a village: career choices are influenced by society more than by upbringing

My recent research (joint with Warn Lekfuangfu) considers the extent to which societal shifts have been responsible for an increased tendency for women to sort into traditional male roles over time, versus individual level childhood factors (for example, socioeconomic status, parental time inputs, peer effects). In other words, we are interested in the extent that childhood factors, which vary within […]

What we talk about when we talk about gender

In the social sciences, since the 1980’s we have been using the word “gender” instead of sex. The use of the term “gender” is not only politically correct – it is more precise, acute and scientifically accurate. The use of the term first and foremost conveys the idea that differences are not natural, nor biological or physically located in […]

February 13th, 2019|Gender|11 Comments|