Gender

Top jobs lead to divorce for women, but not for men

Combining an enriching career and a loving relationship is a goal for many people. But for women, this goal still presents higher hurdles, even in the most gender-equal countries in the world. Our research on Sweden finds that women pay a high price for their career success. Being promoted to a top job in politics or business leads to […]

July 11th, 2019|Gender|0 Comments|

Women give up competing more easily than men

Why are women underrepresented at the top of both academia and the corporate world? They represent only 25 per cent of professors in the UK and 5 per cent of Fortune 500 CEOs. Behavioural economists have recently offered various new explanations for the gender gap in education and labour market outcomes. Choices made in controlled experimental settings hint at differences […]

July 9th, 2019|Gender|2 Comments|
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    Degendering: how the conception of the ‘woman worker’ changes

Degendering: how the conception of the ‘woman worker’ changes

Part-time work is generally associated with women and a way of helping mothers balance work and family life. However, the role of part-time work in women’s labour market adaptations differs across Europe. In Scandinavia, the previously high levels of part-time employment among women are declining, and the link between motherhood and part-time work is disappearing. The long passage of […]

July 5th, 2019|Gender|0 Comments|

The limits of the ‘resilient woman’ ideal

In the recently released film Late Night, the protagonist Molly (Mindy Kaling, who also wrote the screenplay), a young woman of Indian heritage, realises her dream of working with the legendary Katherine Newbury (Emma Thompson) whose once popular show is losing ratings and is now threatened with being taken off the air. When she enters her new office, the […]

July 1st, 2019|Gender|1 Comment|
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    History shows that women’s autonomy leads to long-term development

History shows that women’s autonomy leads to long-term development

Looking at recent growth successes and failures, some of the positive stories of economies were characterised by relatively high female autonomy: Botswana had the highest GDP growth rates of the last decades and had not only favourable institutions, but also high gender equality (Robinson 2009; data on gender equality: Carmichael, Dilli and Rijpma, 2014). Similarly, China and South Korea […]

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    Marriage equality boosted employment of both partners in US gay and lesbian couples

Marriage equality boosted employment of both partners in US gay and lesbian couples

Progress towards marriage equality within the U.S. has been extremely rapid in the last twenty years. In 2004, Massachusetts became the first state to legalise same-sex marriage. Following its example, more and more states approved marriage equality until the ruling in 2015 of the US Supreme Court legalised same-sex marriage at the federal level. Were these amendments to marriage […]

May 9th, 2019|Gender|0 Comments|
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    Men’s incomes still largely determine a household’s one-per-cent status

Men’s incomes still largely determine a household’s one-per-cent status

It is clear from research on corporate leadership that a glass ceiling prevents many women from occupying top executive or CEO positions. In new research, we find that the glass ceiling is far more extensive than previous literature has determined: women are not just excluded from top leadership positions, but rather they are excluded from nearly all top income positions regardless of occupation. […]

May 4th, 2019|Gender|0 Comments|

Bias and belief in meritocracy in AI and engineering

As artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning techniques increasingly leave engineering laboratories to be deployed as decision-making tools in Human Resources (HR) and related contexts, recognition of and concerns about the potential biases of these tools grows. These tools first learn and then uncritically and mechanically reproduce existing inequalities. Recent research shows that this uncritical reproduction is not a […]

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    The mandatory pay gap reporting regulation needs to go broader and deeper

The mandatory pay gap reporting regulation needs to go broader and deeper

On 4 April, the second round of gender pay gap reporting will take place for English, Scottish and Welsh businesses and voluntary sector organisations with 250 or more employees (30 March for public sector organisations). In the first round in 2018, around 94% of all organisations covered by the regulations reported, providing the most detailed set of information about […]

March 16th, 2019|Gender|0 Comments|
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    It takes a village: career choices are influenced by society more than by upbringing

It takes a village: career choices are influenced by society more than by upbringing

My recent research (joint with Warn Lekfuangfu) considers the extent to which societal shifts have been responsible for an increased tendency for women to sort into traditional male roles over time, versus individual level childhood factors (for example, socioeconomic status, parental time inputs, peer effects). In other words, we are interested in the extent that childhood factors, which vary within […]

What we talk about when we talk about gender

In the social sciences, since the 1980’s we have been using the word “gender” instead of sex. The use of the term “gender” is not only politically correct – it is more precise, acute and scientifically accurate. The use of the term first and foremost conveys the idea that differences are not natural, nor biological or physically located in […]

February 13th, 2019|Gender|11 Comments|

The flip side of segregation: men in typically female jobs

Compared with the increasing participation of women in male-dominated occupations, the presence of men in female-dominated occupations remains low. While much scholarly attention has been devoted to explaining men’s reluctance to work in female-dominated fields, little is known about the occupational trajectories of men who beat a new path and enter female-dominated occupations. (See here and here for notable […]

January 29th, 2019|Gender|0 Comments|
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    The institutionalised undervaluation of women’s work: what can we do about it?

The institutionalised undervaluation of women’s work: what can we do about it?

Equal pay is often viewed as a fundamental marker of gender equality. As a target, it is also notoriously difficult to achieve. Despite a variety of policy measures, including equal pay legislation, adopted to promote equal pay, the gender pay gap persists around the globe. Recent equal pay disputes include the ones in private sector organisations, such as Tesco […]

January 16th, 2019|Gender|0 Comments|
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    Gender inequality at work and at home: a double whammy for women

Gender inequality at work and at home: a double whammy for women

According to a report released last month by the World Economic Forum, the global pay gap between men and women will take 202 years to close. Data from the Institute for Women’s Policy Research that examined women and men’s income over 15 years found that in the United States, women on average make less than half what men make: […]

January 14th, 2019|Gender|3 Comments|

How employers manage motherhood in the workplace

Compared to other workers, mothers face significant disadvantages in the labour market when it comes to access to good jobs, wages and mobility. What explains these findings? Direct evidence of employers’ attitudes, though limited, suggests that employers tend to view mothers as less capable, competent and committed. Experimental and audit research finds that even when mothers’ competence and work […]

January 4th, 2019|Gender|0 Comments|
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    The backlash against gender equality is arising in new forms

The backlash against gender equality is arising in new forms

Backlash is a negative, hostile or aggressive reaction to a political idea. The term has been applied to civil and race rights. Recently however, it has been prominent in politics, business and the media, as an opposing stance to initiatives designed to advance women’s rights and social status.

History makes it clear that when gains for women are made, conservative […]

November 8th, 2018|Gender|1 Comment|

Are celebrity women executives good role models for women?

It is well documented that there are few women at the top of organisations. A frequently suggested reason for this scarcity is that women simply lack role models: you cannot be what you cannot see. However, although there may be few senior women who might function as role models in women’s immediate organisational environment, the number of celebrity businesswomen […]

October 22nd, 2018|Gender, LSE alumni|0 Comments|
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    Gender gaps in promotion: it is also because women apply less

Gender gaps in promotion: it is also because women apply less

A related recent post (Who stays longer, male or female CEOs?) documents that women account for 5 per cent of CEOs of major North American firms as of January 2018 (Catalyst). According to Bertrand and Hallock (2001), they represented 2.5 per cent of top executives in US firms in the 1990s. Even if these two figures are not perfectly […]

October 17th, 2018|CEP, Gender, LSE Authors|0 Comments|

Exploring gay entrepreneurship matters

Within contemporary society, entrepreneurship is feted as a pathway to self-efficacy, independence and innovation, whilst also creating employment and generating wealth. Further, it is presumed to be an open site of opportunity as there are no barriers to entry. Yet evidence suggests a strong gendered bias, which since the 1990s has been explored through a focus upon the under-representation […]

October 15th, 2018|Gender|0 Comments|
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    Working while pregnant: how women cope with unsupportive organisations

Working while pregnant: how women cope with unsupportive organisations

“So I started busting my butt at work. And I started working that much harder . . . so I felt I took on even more. I was working that much harder because I felt like I had to for everyone to feel comfortable with the fact that I’m pregnant, I’m having a baby . . . Because if […]

September 12th, 2018|Gender|0 Comments|