Gender

Bias and belief in meritocracy in AI and engineering

As artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning techniques increasingly leave engineering laboratories to be deployed as decision-making tools in Human Resources (HR) and related contexts, recognition of and concerns about the potential biases of these tools grows. These tools first learn and then uncritically and mechanically reproduce existing inequalities. Recent research shows that this uncritical reproduction is not a […]

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    The mandatory pay gap reporting regulation needs to go broader and deeper

The mandatory pay gap reporting regulation needs to go broader and deeper

On 4 April, the second round of gender pay gap reporting will take place for English, Scottish and Welsh businesses and voluntary sector organisations with 250 or more employees (30 March for public sector organisations). In the first round in 2018, around 94% of all organisations covered by the regulations reported, providing the most detailed set of information about […]

March 16th, 2019|Gender|0 Comments|
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    It takes a village: career choices are influenced by society more than by upbringing

It takes a village: career choices are influenced by society more than by upbringing

My recent research (joint with Warn Lekfuangfu) considers the extent to which societal shifts have been responsible for an increased tendency for women to sort into traditional male roles over time, versus individual level childhood factors (for example, socioeconomic status, parental time inputs, peer effects). In other words, we are interested in the extent that childhood factors, which vary within […]

What we talk about when we talk about gender

In the social sciences, since the 1980’s we have been using the word “gender” instead of sex. The use of the term “gender” is not only politically correct – it is more precise, acute and scientifically accurate. The use of the term first and foremost conveys the idea that differences are not natural, nor biological or physically located in […]

February 13th, 2019|Gender|11 Comments|

The flip side of segregation: men in typically female jobs

Compared with the increasing participation of women in male-dominated occupations, the presence of men in female-dominated occupations remains low. While much scholarly attention has been devoted to explaining men’s reluctance to work in female-dominated fields, little is known about the occupational trajectories of men who beat a new path and enter female-dominated occupations. (See here and here for notable […]

January 29th, 2019|Gender|0 Comments|
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    The institutionalised undervaluation of women’s work: what can we do about it?

The institutionalised undervaluation of women’s work: what can we do about it?

Equal pay is often viewed as a fundamental marker of gender equality. As a target, it is also notoriously difficult to achieve. Despite a variety of policy measures, including equal pay legislation, adopted to promote equal pay, the gender pay gap persists around the globe. Recent equal pay disputes include the ones in private sector organisations, such as Tesco […]

January 16th, 2019|Gender|0 Comments|
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    Gender inequality at work and at home: a double whammy for women

Gender inequality at work and at home: a double whammy for women

According to a report released last month by the World Economic Forum, the global pay gap between men and women will take 202 years to close. Data from the Institute for Women’s Policy Research that examined women and men’s income over 15 years found that in the United States, women on average make less than half what men make: […]

January 14th, 2019|Gender|3 Comments|

How employers manage motherhood in the workplace

Compared to other workers, mothers face significant disadvantages in the labour market when it comes to access to good jobs, wages and mobility. What explains these findings? Direct evidence of employers’ attitudes, though limited, suggests that employers tend to view mothers as less capable, competent and committed. Experimental and audit research finds that even when mothers’ competence and work […]

January 4th, 2019|Gender|0 Comments|

Backlash against gender equality is arising in new forms

Backlash is a negative, hostile or aggressive reaction to a political idea. The term has been applied to civil and race rights. Recently however, it has been prominent in politics, business and the media, as an opposing stance to initiatives designed to advance women’s rights and social status.

History makes it clear that when gains for women are made, conservative […]

November 8th, 2018|Gender|1 Comment|

Are celebrity women executives good role models for women?

It is well documented that there are few women at the top of organisations. A frequently suggested reason for this scarcity is that women simply lack role models: you cannot be what you cannot see. However, although there may be few senior women who might function as role models in women’s immediate organisational environment, the number of celebrity businesswomen […]

October 22nd, 2018|Gender, LSE alumni|0 Comments|
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    Gender gaps in promotion: it is also because women apply less

Gender gaps in promotion: it is also because women apply less

A related recent post (Who stays longer, male or female CEOs?) documents that women account for 5 per cent of CEOs of major North American firms as of January 2018 (Catalyst). According to Bertrand and Hallock (2001), they represented 2.5 per cent of top executives in US firms in the 1990s. Even if these two figures are not perfectly […]

October 17th, 2018|CEP, Gender, LSE Authors|0 Comments|

Exploring gay entrepreneurship matters

Within contemporary society, entrepreneurship is feted as a pathway to self-efficacy, independence and innovation, whilst also creating employment and generating wealth. Further, it is presumed to be an open site of opportunity as there are no barriers to entry. Yet evidence suggests a strong gendered bias, which since the 1990s has been explored through a focus upon the under-representation […]

October 15th, 2018|Gender|0 Comments|
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    Working while pregnant: how women cope with unsupportive organisations

Working while pregnant: how women cope with unsupportive organisations

“So I started busting my butt at work. And I started working that much harder . . . so I felt I took on even more. I was working that much harder because I felt like I had to for everyone to feel comfortable with the fact that I’m pregnant, I’m having a baby . . . Because if […]

September 12th, 2018|Gender|0 Comments|

The gay glass ceiling in the UK

Empirical research on sexual orientation and work-related inequality has focused on earnings and income. Several studies have found that gay men earn significantly less than similarly situated straight men, while lesbians earn more than similarly situated straight women (e.g., see Badgett 1995; Carpenter 2007; Aksoy et al. 2018; and others).

In contrast to earnings and income, little known about sexual […]

September 5th, 2018|Gender, IGA, LSE Authors|0 Comments|

Who stays longer, male or female CEOs?

Only 5 per cent of major North American firms had a female CEO as of January 2018. (Catalyst)

Clearly women are underrepresented at the top level of corporations, but the reasons for this are less clear. In a recent article, we investigate two different paths to the scarcity of female CEOs:

Women are appointed as CEO less often; and/or
Women are […]

How to help women sustain careers in male-dominated spaces

While women have made substantial inroads into the world of work and organisational hierarchies, many science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM) related fields such as engineering, still appear stubbornly resistant to gender diversity. Even from the perspective of many of the women who actually work in these industries.

Despite the best efforts of many firms, gender equality in terms of […]

August 28th, 2018|Gender, LSE alumni|0 Comments|
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    When organisations take more than they give to the equality agenda

When organisations take more than they give to the equality agenda

When an organisation makes loud claims about equality at work, they’re not contributing to the agenda. They’re taking from it. They’re withdrawing reputation and brand equity and depositing little back in return.

To return that equity, they need to take meaningful action. You can often spot ‘meaning’ because it brings risk and scrutiny. It’s likely to lead to a structural […]

Creating a typology for the types of femininity in STEM

Attracting and keeping women in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) is a common problem. It needs to be tackled at the individual, organisational and systemic level. Our work on ‘Femininities in STEM’ focuses at the individual level. Two axes, one relating to career commitment and the other to non-work relational commitment are used to create a typology.

Based on […]

June 4th, 2018|Gender|1 Comment|
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    Lessons from a state-imposed gender equality policy in China

Lessons from a state-imposed gender equality policy in China

In a recent study, we investigate the role that culture and institutions play in creating gender differences in willingness to compete. We compare the competitiveness of women growing up in different periods in the recent history of mainland China and Taiwan. We find that women in Beijing who grew up during the communist regime, when gender equality was emphasised, […]

May 29th, 2018|Gender|0 Comments|
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    Over 100 countries still bar women from working in specific jobs

Over 100 countries still bar women from working in specific jobs

Two years ago, I told you that gender equality is a critical component of economic growth. I talked about the consequences of laws that facilitate or discourage women from entering the labor force. This was the 2016 edition of Women, Business and the Law, a World Bank Group product that identifies barriers to women’s economic participation and tracks progress […]

May 9th, 2018|Gender|0 Comments|