Advances in artificial intelligence (AI) have sparked renewed fears regarding the future of work. One widely discussed solution to this perceived problem is a universal basic income (UBI), provoking debates about the justice, efficiency and political feasibility of such an entitlement, whether such an income should be conditional, and how to ensure that it mitigates rather than exacerbates gender […]
The discussion of “fair” participation of female professionals in the workforce has been a hot topic in business literature and practice. Several large enterprises, such as Santander, Uber, PWC and McKinsey, to name a few, are putting policies in place to tackle gender inequality. The issue, however, seems to go beyond representation.
The following table shows some of the barriers […]
It was just 50 years ago that women’s role in the economy began to drastically change. Reflecting striking social and industrial movements during the 20th century, they increasingly entered the formal labour force as both employees and entrepreneurs. As the number of working women grew, it became clear: global prosperity and women’s economic participation are inextricably linked. Their empowerment […]
The days of collecting your carriage clock and waving goodbye to your workmates of 45 years are over, particularly as more people, whether through choice or necessity, are now working into their late 60s and 70s. In the EU, about one fifth (19%) of the population is 65 or more. A 65-year-old in the United Kingdom can now expect […]
Over the last decade, our approach to gender inequality in the UK workplace has remained relatively static. We’ve pitched the business case for change, tried to transform mindsets with diversity and unconscious bias training, and done our best to influence the leadership pipeline with development and mentoring programmes.
In 2017, I wrote about the urgent need to change tack. The UK’s Hampton […]
Half of the electorate are women. Research has consistently shown that women are more likely to be floating voters and to make their minds up on how to vote later than men. Securing women’s votes is increasingly recognised as essential for parties as they seek to consolidate their voting base and capture undecided voters. This is something we have […]
Even though women surpass men in university graduation rates and other skill-based gains, the Conference Board of Canada (2011) found it will take over 151 years for women and men to achieve parity in middle management, let alone senior leadership. Sheryl Sandberg’s book, Lean In (2013), invigorated a worldwide conversation about the representation of women in leadership roles. However, […]
The relative position of women in academic economics has increased dramatically over the last two decades. Nevertheless, in 2016 women held only 16 per cent of the chairs in the UK. Unlike the STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) disciplines with similarly low female participation rates, economics has attracted very little attention from university governing bodies or publicly funded […]
In 2015, Patricia Arquette won the Oscar for best supporting actress, her speech was a call for equal pay among female and male stars in Hollywood. Her words at the gala ceremony were cheered and later on supported by widely recognised actresses in the industry such as Meryl Streep, Charlize Theron, Jennifer Lawrence, or Natalie Portman. But do male […]
Tackling structural inequalities in the UK is fundamental to social cohesion and to enabling economic growth to benefit all. And the case for businesses to do so is clear. Reducing the gender pay gap in labour market participation, Science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM) qualifications and wages could increase the UK economy by £55 billion by 2030. Likewise, companies […]
I draw data for multiple cohorts of American men and women in the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (the longest running longitudinal household survey in the world) and the Multinational Time Use Study to understand how married people use their time.
Women born in 1935, such as Jane Fonda, worked for pay for about 800 hours per year – 16 […]
In June 2019, journalist Anne Helen Petersen tweeted a screenshot of the acknowledgements section of the book Downsizing in America (New York: Russell Sage, 2003). In it, the book’s authors – William J. Baumol, Alan S. Blinder, and Edward N. Wolff – thank Sue Anne Batey Blackman for her contributions, stating that she was “a coauthor in all but name.” […]
Women and men from ethnically and racially diverse backgrounds suffer from an ‘emotional tax’ in Canadian workplaces, according to research from Catalyst. “I don’t feel like I’m the insider,” said one respondent. In the study of men and women in Canada, 77 per cent of women and men of colour interviewed shared distressing stories of exclusion in the workplace. […]
Over the past several decades, countries around the world have made significant progress in advancing women’s social, economic, and political rights. The United Nations has even made gender equality one of its Sustainable Development Goals for the next decade, recognising that women’s rights are important not merely for equality’s sake, but that they are also fundamental for achieving other […]
Combining an enriching career and a loving relationship is a goal for many people. But for women, this goal still presents higher hurdles, even in the most gender-equal countries in the world. Our research on Sweden finds that women pay a high price for their career success. Being promoted to a top job in politics or business leads to […]
Why are women underrepresented at the top of both academia and the corporate world? They represent only 25 per cent of professors in the UK and 5 per cent of Fortune 500 CEOs. Behavioural economists have recently offered various new explanations for the gender gap in education and labour market outcomes. Choices made in controlled experimental settings hint at differences […]
Part-time work is generally associated with women and a way of helping mothers balance work and family life. However, the role of part-time work in women’s labour market adaptations differs across Europe. In Scandinavia, the previously high levels of part-time employment among women are declining, and the link between motherhood and part-time work is disappearing. The long passage of […]
In the recently released film Late Night, the protagonist Molly (Mindy Kaling, who also wrote the screenplay), a young woman of Indian heritage, realises her dream of working with the legendary Katherine Newbury (Emma Thompson) whose once popular show is losing ratings and is now threatened with being taken off the air. When she enters her new office, the […]
Looking at recent growth successes and failures, some of the positive stories of economies were characterised by relatively high female autonomy: Botswana had the highest GDP growth rates of the last decades and had not only favourable institutions, but also high gender equality (Robinson 2009; data on gender equality: Carmichael, Dilli and Rijpma, 2014). Similarly, China and South Korea […]
Progress towards marriage equality within the U.S. has been extremely rapid in the last twenty years. In 2004, Massachusetts became the first state to legalise same-sex marriage. Following its example, more and more states approved marriage equality until the ruling in 2015 of the US Supreme Court legalised same-sex marriage at the federal level. Were these amendments to marriage […]