In a recent study, we investigate the role that culture and institutions play in creating gender differences in willingness to compete. We compare the competitiveness of women growing up in different periods in the recent history of mainland China and Taiwan. We find that women in Beijing who grew up during the communist regime, when gender equality was emphasised, […]
Two years ago, I told you that gender equality is a critical component of economic growth. I talked about the consequences of laws that facilitate or discourage women from entering the labor force. This was the 2016 edition of Women, Business and the Law, a World Bank Group product that identifies barriers to women’s economic participation and tracks progress […]
Female labour force participation has increased in most European countries in the last decades: the activity rate in EU15 has constantly increased in the last 20 years, gaining more than 10 percentage points (from 56 to 68 per cent). Nonetheless, the gender earnings gap remains substantially high in most countries.
Recent research highlighted that parenthood is one of the main […]
The pay gap between men and women is a longstanding problem in both American workplaces and women’s lives, and a new experiment reveals why a commonly proposed solution may not actually help. There have been a number of explanations given for the gender wage gap, but in recent years, one of the dominant explanations is that the wage gap […]
Gender inequality in firms is an issue which has concerned both economists and policymakers. In spite of significant improvements in women’s career prospects, the gender pay gap still persists. One crucial component as to why women on average earn lower wages than men is parenthood. I provide evidence of the positive impact of child care policies on women’s careers and […]
Whenever I watch Marilyn Monroe movies, I’m struck by how childish her voice sounds. There’s such a contrast to how adult women speak today. These movies remind me of the huge leap we’ve made in gender expectations and norms over the past decades. I often wonder what people 70 years from now will say when they look at men […]
The list of powerful men accused of sexual harassment seems to grow longer every day: Roger Ailes, Harvey Weinstein, Steve Wynn, Mario Batali, Matt Lauer, Mario Testino, Richard Branson, Roy Moore, just to name a few. These reports tell a distressingly familiar story of unchecked power that reinforces popular understandings about who engages in sexually harassing behaviour and who […]
On 10 November 2017 women in the UK were urged to down tools and put an ‘out of office’ on their computers ‘until the end of the year’, as a tongue-in-cheek response to the fact they would now be working for no pay for the next 51 days. Globally, women need to work, on average, more than 70 additional […]
As business and management educators we have a role to develop greater awareness and appreciation of diversity in society and our workplaces. Gender should be on the agenda of business schools. Gender-inclusive organisations and gender-inclusive management and leadership should be non-negotiable. Business schools have ethical, social and economic imperatives for integrating gender inclusivity into their cultures and curricula.
The silence […]
It has been well established that men and women experience differences in access to social and financial capital, hiring outcomes, and performance evaluations more generally. One commonly cited explanation for these observed gender differences has to do with a lack of objective information. Specifically, in the absence of concrete information about quality or expected performance, evaluators have been found […]
We know that if a certain behaviour is not delivering a desired result, people will usually change this behaviour. If a marketing program is not effective, you do not continue to run it, you change it. If a part on a machine keeps failing, you do not keep using it, you replace it.
Sometimes, however, people do not alter their […]
The 2017 Hampton-Alexander Review was released this month, charged with improving gender balance in the leadership of companies represented in the FTSE index. It celebrates that female representation in the boardrooms of the FTSE100 has risen from 12.5 per cent in 2011 to 27.7 per cent today, but it also laments stalling progress and issues a rallying cry for […]
There is a dizzying array of career and life advice available for women. Whether being told to ‘lean in’ or ‘let go of balance’ women are commonly encouraged to ‘have it all’: be devoted, glamorous, passionate wives and mothers while climbing the career ladder. In our recent study, we explored how this postfeminist call to ‘have it all’ intersects with […]
The existence of a persistent gender gap in managerial representation, especially in upper-management positions, is widely documented and understanding its causes remains an important endeavour for researchers and policy makers in developed economies.
Why does the gender gap in high-level management persist? And what could organisations do to address this challenge?
Existing explanations typically focus on two aspects. Some argue that the […]
They are words I’ve heard several times in my career, whenever I deviate from my usual beat of writing about celebrities, but this time it was much more memorable.
“What’s that f-ing showbiz girl doing down here?”, I overheard a male news reporter from a rival newspaper say. I was at Grenfell Tower in the aftermath of the terrible inferno, […]
The media is the mirror that society holds up to itself, it is through newspapers – online and off – that the first draft of history is created and power held to account. At Women in Journalism we believe that it is vital to the functioning of democracy that the mirror the media holds up to society provides a […]
Popular stories in the media often reinforce misperceptions of women leaders by speculating about how they are different from men. They ‘sell’ because these stories seem to resonate with an unfailing belief about women and men, even if research shows the premises behind them are simply wrong and rooted in gender biases or stereotypes.
Unfortunately gender stereotyping is alive and […]
When we talk about feeling ‘safe’ at work, what first comes to mind is our physical or functional safety. However, how safe do you feel psychologically? Do you feel safe to speak up, voice your opinions and ideas? Do you feel safe to make mistakes without fear of being ridiculed or punished? Do you feel safe (and empowered) to […]