Dahrendorf Symposium 2013

Introducing our series on the Dahrendorf Symposium 2013

As part of the Dahrendorf Symposium, being held on 14-15 November in Berlin, EUROPP will be hosting a series of articles framed around the symposium’s topic: ‘Changing the European Debate: Focus on Climate Change’. To kick off the series, Dahrendorf Academic Co-Directors Helmut K. Anheier and Arne Westad outline some of the main issues surrounding this year’s topic. Europe and […]

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    Ensuring a secure energy supply from Russia is a vital aspect of the EU’s strategy to tackle climate change

Ensuring a secure energy supply from Russia is a vital aspect of the EU’s strategy to tackle climate change

Energy has been an important underlying factor in the Ukraine crisis, with Russian gas exports accounting for a significant share of Europe’s energy needs. Bob Feidt writes on the role of energy security in the EU’s attempts to tackle climate change. He argues that while the creation of a competitive single energy market in Europe is a vital component […]

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    EU governments should place greater emphasis on infrastructure projects in their efforts to tackle climate change

EU governments should place greater emphasis on infrastructure projects in their efforts to tackle climate change

The European Union has positioned itself as one of the most proactive global organisations on climate change, with its Member States participating in an Emissions Trading System designed to progressively limit greenhouse gas outputs. Corentin Cohen writes that while the EU has chosen to place most of its focus on using taxation to discourage emissions, there are a number […]

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    It is vital that EU climate policy protects the interests of Europe’s poorest citizens

It is vital that EU climate policy protects the interests of Europe’s poorest citizens

As part of our series on the Dahrendorf Symposium, which was held in Berlin on 14-15 November, Ben Ryan assesses the importance of the social and legal aspects of climate change, including the human victims of the process. He argues that Europe’s poor must also be recognised as potential victims of climate change, particularly through the spread of fuel poverty […]

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    Countries willing to act should address climate change through market-based solutions now – other countries will follow

Countries willing to act should address climate change through market-based solutions now – other countries will follow

What solutions should be used to tackle climate change? Ernst Ulrich von Weizsäcker writes that it is time to consider a market-based approach which makes polluting energy more expensive and encourages the creation of green jobs. He suggests that countries which are ready to engage in such policies should press ahead now, without international agreement, and that other countries will […]

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    Climate change discussions must move away from the green growth model and focus more on political and social change

Climate change discussions must move away from the green growth model and focus more on political and social change

The 2013 United Nations Climate Change Conference took place in Warsaw from 11 – 23 November. Nikolas Scherer writes that while most proposals to address climate change have been based on economic solutions, the issue also involves important political and social factors. He argues that the discussion must shift away from economic arguments to a more comprehensive approach to our […]

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    The dispute between China and the EU over solar panels illustrates the misunderstandings that have plagued EU-China relations

The dispute between China and the EU over solar panels illustrates the misunderstandings that have plagued EU-China relations

Earlier this year a dispute began between the EU and China after the European Commission temporarily imposed anti-dumping levies on imported Chinese solar panels. Cherry Yu writes on wider EU-China relations and the factors which influenced the dispute. She argues that despite forming a ‘strategic partnership’ in 2003, relations between both sides have been held back by the EU’s value-led […]

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    Far from driving businesses away from Europe, EU climate policy has the potential to generate future growth for European industry

Far from driving businesses away from Europe, EU climate policy has the potential to generate future growth for European industry

A common criticism of EU climate policy is that it makes conditions more expensive for European businesses, which may encourage companies to relocate to other parts of the world. Andrzej Ancygier writes that much of this criticism is overstated. He argues that providing concrete long-term climate goals would provide more security for businesses, and that EU climate policy can also […]

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    Climate justice involves more than a fair distribution of benefits and burdens: It requires radical, structural change

Climate justice involves more than a fair distribution of benefits and burdens: It requires radical, structural change

As part of our series on the Dahrendorf Symposium, Anna Grear writes on the concept of ‘climate justice’. Broadly speaking, climate justice incorporates a view of the effects of climate change as an ethical issue relating to principles such as social and environmental justice. She argues that climate justice is best illustrated by focusing on the nature of ‘climate injustice’, […]

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    Five minutes with Connie Hedegaard: “Climate change is not an environmental issue to be parked in some corner – it has to be integrated into our economic growth strategies”

Five minutes with Connie Hedegaard: “Climate change is not an environmental issue to be parked in some corner – it has to be integrated into our economic growth strategies”

As part of our series on the Dahrendorf Symposium, Connie Hedegaard, the European Commissioner for Climate Action, spoke to LSE’s Conor Gearty on the EU’s approach to tackling climate change, how to respond to those who refuse to accept the science behind global warming, and the potential for Europe and the rest of the world to implement concrete solutions. How […]

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Creating an independent carbon authority might offer a solution for reforming the EU’s Emissions Trading Scheme

The EU’s Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions using a ‘cap and trade’ system, in which levels of emissions are capped, but participants can buy and sell allowances as they require. Godefroy Grosjean and Robert Marschinski note that the system has been undermined due to the price of permits falling drastically since 2008. They provide […]

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    A European energy strategy is required to secure the EU’s future energy needs

A European energy strategy is required to secure the EU’s future energy needs

Europe faces a number of problems in maintaining its energy supply, from climate change to the dependency on imported energy from outside of the EU. Günther H. Oettinger, the European Commissioner for Energy, outlines the main features of a proposed European energy strategy. He argues that energy challenges are among the greatest tests which Europe has to face, and that […]

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    Land value taxation could help to finance low-carbon infrastructure projects in cities suffering from austerity budgets

Land value taxation could help to finance low-carbon infrastructure projects in cities suffering from austerity budgets

Many cities across Europe have had budgets for local services and infrastructure projects cut as a result of the financial crisis. Blanca Fernandez writes on the potential for land value taxation, in which taxes are collected on the basis of the value of land rather than simply on property, to help fund low-carbon infrastructure in cities. She argues that land […]

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    Setbacks in climate change negotiations may signal dire straits for ‘normative power Europe’

Setbacks in climate change negotiations may signal dire straits for ‘normative power Europe’

The European Union has often been portrayed as a ‘normative power’ on the international stage, in the sense that it exerts influence using ‘softer’ mechanisms such as leading by example. Alexander Ruser writes that this conception of EU power has increasingly come under strain due to deadlock over global climate change negotiations – an issue which has been central to […]

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    Moving from the principle of ‘common but differentiated responsibility’ to ‘equitable access to sustainable development’ will aid international climate change negotiations.

Moving from the principle of ‘common but differentiated responsibility’ to ‘equitable access to sustainable development’ will aid international climate change negotiations.

As part of our series on the Dahrendorf Symposium, Marcus Hedahl writes on international climate change negotiations. He notes that negotiations were initially carried out under the principle of ‘common but differentiated responsibility’, in which the developed world should bear the bulk of the responsibility for tackling climate change due to its historic emissions and greater financial resources. He argues […]

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    Australia’s rejection of carbon pricing would be a blow for EU efforts to link Europe’s emissions trading scheme with other parts of the world.

Australia’s rejection of carbon pricing would be a blow for EU efforts to link Europe’s emissions trading scheme with other parts of the world.

The EU has attempted to tackle climate change through an emissions trading scheme, and has hoped for its scheme to become the core of an international system of linked-up carbon markets. Frank Jotzo writes on developments in Australia following the country’s recent election. He notes that the new government, led by Tony Abbot, is committed to repealing Australia’s carbon pricing […]

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    Plans to create a pan-European electricity grid as part of the common energy market face a number of challenges before they can be realised.

Plans to create a pan-European electricity grid as part of the common energy market face a number of challenges before they can be realised.

In March 2011 the European Council formulated plans to create a common European energy market by 2014. However, as Lidia Puka and Kacper Szulecki write, a real common energy market will also require a pan-European electricity grid, with improved bilateral links between European countries. They note that despite presenting obvious benefits for participating states, attempts to strengthen cross-border connections between […]

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    Those parts of the world which will be most affected by climate change must be allowed to participate fully in attempts to manage it.

Those parts of the world which will be most affected by climate change must be allowed to participate fully in attempts to manage it.

Climate change will not affect all parts of the world equally, but will instead have a disproportionate impact on specific geographical areas and populations. Marcus Hedahl writes that underlying social structures amplify this disparity, with the actors most responsible for causing climate change also possessing the greatest ability to mitigate its effects. He argues that those who are at most […]

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    Without strong German leadership, the adoption of an ambitious renewable energy policy across Europe will be impossible.

Without strong German leadership, the adoption of an ambitious renewable energy policy across Europe will be impossible.

Debates are currently taking place over the EU’s energy and climate targets for 2030. Andrzej Ancygier and Kacper Szulecki note that Germany has so far kept an unusually low profile in the talks, which is at odds with the country’s active promotion of ambitious renewable energy and climate targets during its EU presidency in 2007. Using the case of Poland, […]

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    Designing roofs in European cities to reflect more solar energy would help prevent climate change, at little to no extra cost.

Designing roofs in European cities to reflect more solar energy would help prevent climate change, at little to no extra cost.

The amount of solar energy that is reflected by different materials can have a significant impact on temperatures, both at a local level and across the globe. As Tiziana Susca writes, cities generally have higher temperatures than surrounding areas, in part because the materials used in construction reflect less energy. She argues that by encouraging the construction of rooftops in […]

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