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So far Helena Vieira has created 797 entries.
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    Will the review of the Dodd-Frank Act start a regulatory competition with the EU?

Will the review of the Dodd-Frank Act start a regulatory competition with the EU?

The US-President has signed an executive order which directs the US Treasury department to revise financial regulation, especially the Dodd-Frank Act. But starting a regulatory competition with the EU will endanger global financial stability.

 The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act was initiated under the Obama administration as a response to the Global Financial Crisis. President Trump argues […]

Globalisation won’t do away with variations in capitalism

The Cold War from 1948 to 1991 polarised opinion between advocates of capitalism and supporters of Soviet-style socialism. But after the fall of the Berlin Wall the conversation became more variegated. There was a remarkable growth in the literature on ‘varieties of capitalism’ including works by Michel Albert (1993), Colin Crouch and Wolfgang Streeck (1997), Bruno Amable (2000), Masahiko […]

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    Cybersecurity is the defining business challenge of the 21st century

Cybersecurity is the defining business challenge of the 21st century

Speaking in 1941, a renowned businessman said “I believe that every right implies a responsibility; every opportunity, an obligation; every possession, a duty.” While John D Rockefeller was speaking at a time when the likes of drones, driverless cars and virtual reality were distant dreams and works of fiction – the central tenet of the quote is firmly applicable […]

Pay for performance risks discouraging motivated employees

Incentive schemes, which rely on monitoring technologies, are becoming increasing popular as a means to foster productivity in public sector organisations. A legitimate question to ask is whether they improve service delivery or, instead, they force already motivated workers to waste time dealing with monitoring/reporting systems.

Two examples help us understand the kind of situations we have in mind. First […]

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    The Limits of the Market: The Pendulum between Government and Market – Book Review

The Limits of the Market: The Pendulum between Government and Market – Book Review

The Limits of the Market: The Pendulum between Government and Market. Paul de Grauwe. Oxford University Press. 2017.

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Perhaps it still needs to be said, but all states’ governments balance off the practice of government and the use of markets as allocation mechanisms. Indeed, we might also confirm that we appreciate that markets are constituted by law and, […]

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    How credit rating agencies calculated their ratings during the Eurozone crisis

How credit rating agencies calculated their ratings during the Eurozone crisis

Sovereign credit rating decisions taken by major agencies such as Moody’s, Standard & Poor’s (S&P) and Fitch are often considered a ‘black box.’ Empirical analysis has concluded that up to 40 per cent of credit rating decisions cannot be explained by economic fundamentals.

This is not a trivial issue because sovereign credit ratings provide a measure of the probability that […]

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    The state, inequality and the politics of economic ideas: three blind spots in shadow banking

The state, inequality and the politics of economic ideas: three blind spots in shadow banking

Shadow banking has become a systemic pillar of global finance. A typical map shows a complex network of shadow entities such as highly levered off-balance-sheet vehicles, broker-dealers, private equity firms, money market funds or hedge funds. Yet (large) regulated banks also moved in the shadows, driven by a combination of yield, regulatory and tax arbitrage in order to engage […]

Beware Big Brother in the family room?

It was a dystopian revelation straight out of Orwell: The hyper-connected “smart TV” that lets you binge-watch your favourite Netflix or Amazon series at the touch of the remote has other capabilities that aren’t quite spelled out in the user’s guide. Like allowing the government to snoop on your conversations.

The news, contained in a trove of CIA documents released […]

Work 4.0: How Germany is shaping the future of work

How to shape the future of work

In November 2016, the German Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, headed by social democrat Andrea Nahles, published the white paper “Work 4.0”. It’s the result of an 18-month dialogue process mapping out the challenges for the world of labour and injecting policy proposals in the political debate. The dialogue involved a wide […]

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    Even with the internet, we’re not any closer to everyone speaking the same language

Even with the internet, we’re not any closer to everyone speaking the same language

Global economic integration has been enabled by technologies that radically lower the costs of moving goods and of communicating across long distances. The first of these, the railroad and the telegraph, were developed in the early 19th century. Later additions include the telephone, radio, containerized shipping, and the internet. All of these technologies exhibit network effects: The value of […]

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    Industrial applications are the juicy part of the Internet of Things

Industrial applications are the juicy part of the Internet of Things

Say “Internet of Things” (IoT) and most people will think of the many connected products you hear about every year at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas — from refrigerators that tell you when to buy milk, to smart pillows that lull you to sleep with music, then vibrate to wake you up when you’re snoring.

Indeed, cool gadgets […]

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    Putting servant leadership to the test and doing away with scepticism

Putting servant leadership to the test and doing away with scepticism

It is not uncommon today, in both non-profit and for-profit organisations, for servant leadership to be used as a term to speak well of current leaders or to describe what is expected of future leaders. After all, if an organisation values their employees or demonstrates concern for its customers or community, isn’t this servant leadership? It may well be, […]

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    Fact and Fiction in Global Energy Policy: 15 Contentious Questions – Book Review

Fact and Fiction in Global Energy Policy: 15 Contentious Questions – Book Review

Fact and Fiction in Global Energy Policy: 15 Contentious Questions. Benjamin J. Sovacool, Marilyn A. Brown and Scott V. Valentine. Johns Hopkins University Press. 2016.

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Global energy policy has become the focus of intense public debate and contention. For much of the twentieth century, energy policy was primarily about how to secure a steady supply, most of it […]

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    Division, austerity and the gig economy: migration isn’t our biggest problem

Division, austerity and the gig economy: migration isn’t our biggest problem

Recent days have seen a flurry of activity and pronouncements on the status, rights and future migration prospects of EU citizens in the UK: not just the Lords’ vote to amend the ‘Brexit bill’ to ‘guarantee the rights’ of currently resident EU citizens irrespective of Brexit, but reports from the Commons ExEU and Lords EU Home Affairs parliamentary committees. That’s even before the […]

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    Keeping up with the Joneses: Superstar houses and the US mortgage frenzy

Keeping up with the Joneses: Superstar houses and the US mortgage frenzy

Built in 1927 on the eve of the Great Depression, the Palm Beach residence of President Donald Trump – Mar-a-Lago – ranks among the 20 biggest houses in the United States. At 62,500 square feet, it is about 35 times the size of the median suburban house in the country.

Analysing a large dataset of houses built between 1920 and […]

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    Like second-hand smoke, racial discrimination at work can affect bystanders

Like second-hand smoke, racial discrimination at work can affect bystanders

The toxic effects of racism can extend well beyond the target. Our research reveals that, like second-hand smoke, the negative effects of racial discrimination at work can affect third-party bystanders. This is called ambient racial discrimination, and it includes a range of workplace experiences, such as directly witnessing racial discrimination aimed at others, hearing about racist incidents, seeing graffiti or […]

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    Strong consumer data protection can be a disruptive innovation

Strong consumer data protection can be a disruptive innovation

Something regarding big data has recently changed in Brussels which business should take note of. This usually prefaces news of ramping up EU data protection rules, such as the recent Data Protection Regulation, which are not universally welcomed in business circles. In particular, companies coming from the more permissive environment of the US are faced with a sea change […]

How a beer found success with an authentic use of history

Countless times top managers newly appointed to a company immediately announce a better future for their stakeholders, one they declare with conviction will be notably different from the past. Many want to distance themselves from what came before, which they were not part of and in any case cannot change. So they direct attention forward by promising: “We can […]

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    Fintechs have advantages over established banks, but regulation is a major challenge

Fintechs have advantages over established banks, but regulation is a major challenge

Fintech firms may have many advantages over established banks in entering the new market of digital banking. For example many well-known banks have outdated and cumbersome computer systems while new start-ups can start from scratch and develop new and fast systems in only months. The question for large financial institutions is whether to buy firms or build the new […]

Gender quotas and the crisis of the mediocre man

A common criticism against gender quotas is that they are anathema to meritocratic principles. This research on Sweden shows that the opposite can be true: Quotas actually increased the competence of politicians by leading to the displacement of mediocre men whether as candidates or leaders. The results may also be relevant for judging gender quotas in business.

More than 100 countries […]