As June Carbone and Naomi Cahn have put it, ambitious women currently engage ‘in what amounts to a reproductive game of chicken’. Delaying childbearing has many advantages, giving a woman time to both establish themselves in her career and secure a stable and comfortable home life, but at the same time, it increases the risk that she will not […]
People may associate political correctness with conformity but our research finds it also correlates with creativity in work settings. Imposing a PC norm into a work environment — a norm that sets clear expectations of how women and men should interact with each other — unexpectedly encourages creativity among mixed-sex work groups by reducing uncertainty in relationships.
The study highlights […]
Unexplored Dimensions of Discrimination. Tito Boeri, Eleonora Patacchini and Giovanni Peri (eds). Oxford University Press. 2015.
What mechanisms serve to maintain the gender pay gap and other forms of discrimination in the labour market? This book provides a comprehensive, empirically-driven interrogation of various facets of discrimination through data obtained from the USA, Spain and Italy. Ria Ivandic welcomes it for opening […]
Although companies are increasingly under social and legislative pressures to increase female representation in their boardrooms, research is far from conclusive with regards to the economic consequence of the increase in boardroom gender diversity.
An often-cited notion is that female directors may discourage risky firm policies. For example, Christine Lagarde, Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund and former Finance […]
McKinsey reveals in its annual Women Matter reports that even companies doing all the “right things” to achieve gender diversity get disappointing results. The reports blame company cultures that fail to address underlying “mindsets,” which are “invisible, unconscious, and in the way.” McKinsey correctly identifies the cause, unconscious ways of thinking – or gender bias. To achieve and sustain gender […]
There is an unusually high concentration of gay or lesbian workers in certain occupations. For example, both gay men and lesbians and are overrepresented in psychology, law, social work, and university teaching. And there are real occupational patterns behind some popular stereotypes, from the gay flight attendant to the lesbian truck driver.
Where does this kind of occupational segregation come […]
Entrepreneurs play a critical role in generating economic growth by creating new jobs and new markets for goods and services. But gender inequality in this segment of the workforce remains particularly high in most industrialized countries, suggesting that women are a severely under-tapped resource when it comes to growing a vibrant economy.
In the UK, only about 20 percent of […]
The link between globalisation and income inequality has received a lot of attention in economic research as well as in the popular press. However, the discussion has almost completely ignored one important dimension of inequality, namely the gender wage gap. At the same time, the debate about why the gender wage gap persists continues at full strength. We argue […]
Although women have increasingly achieved equality in some domains, there are vast differences in their participation at the highest echelons of the corporate world: boards of directors. In the EU, women hold 17.8 percent of board directorships; in the US, they represent 19.2 percent of S&P 500 board directors. Recently, several countries have taken proactive steps to introduce quotas (hard law) that […]
It’s no secret that gender equality is smart economics. If women played the same role in labour markets as men, as much as US$28 trillion could be added to global annual GDP by 2025. Worldwide, women own or operate 25 to 33 percent of businesses, and they grow faster than those owned by men. It should be obvious that […]