LSE - Small Logo
LSE - Small Logo

Keith McDonald

August 4th, 2015

Security, Interventions, Distance, and Danger: New Publications, August 2015

0 comments

Estimated reading time: 5 minutes

Keith McDonald

August 4th, 2015

Security, Interventions, Distance, and Danger: New Publications, August 2015

0 comments

Estimated reading time: 5 minutes

A number of exciting open access publications have emerged from the Security in Transition team – a research programme which aims to conceptualise and empirically grasp the security gap both as a (perceived) reality and as a social mechanism within global politics. Find out more below!

apartheid-south-africa

Distance and Danger

Ruben Andersson and Florian Weigand have written about the vicious cycle of distance and danger in Mali and Afghanistan, arguing that ‘risk management’ is becoming an increasingly important function in international intervention.

They take the examine of Kabul, where the treacherous experience of navigating through roadblocks, checkpoints and barriers protecting embassies, UN agencies and other international organizations, provides a stark example of the fortified presence on display in current crisis zones.

Their article is an ethnographic examination of a growing trend of fortification and ‘bunkerization’ (Duffield 2010, 2012), focusing on its broader socio-political corollaries.

While the new landscape of intervention may be considered a pragmatic ‘risk management’ outcome while the international presence in crisis zones remains under threat, the trend also carries negative consequences on personal, social and political levels.

Ruben and Florian outline how dominant risk-management strategies have forged distance between intervening organizations and the local society – something that organizations are attempting to overcome – and how this distance underpins the larger personal, social and political effects of risk management.

Ruben Andersson and Florian Weigand, ‘Intervention at Risk: The Vicious Cycle of Distance and Danger in Mali and Afghanistan’, Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding (2015). DOI: 10.1080/17502977.2015.1054655.

Listen to Ruben Andersson discussing the migrant problem in Calais on BBC Radio Scotland [from 14m 30]. [Available until end of August 2015.]


 

From Military to ‘Security Interventions’

In both academic and policy circles, international interventions tend to mean ‘military’ interventions. Debates around the topic tend to focus on whether such interventions are ‘good’ or ‘bad’ in general.

Mary Kaldor and Sabine Selchow aim to open up scholarly engagement on the thorny reality of these international interventions in different contexts by reconceptualising them as ‘security interventions’.

They address the ambiguous meaning of ‘security’ as both an objective (i.e. safety) and a practice (military forces, police, intelligence agencies and their tactics). From this ambiguity, two interlinked concepts emerge:

  • ‘security culture’, which captures specific combinations of objectives and practices;
  • ‘security gap’, which captures the particular relationship or the distinct kind of ‘mismatch’ between objectives and practices as it occurs in a ‘security culture’.

This reading of international interventions through these concepts and analytical tools allows for greater understanding both about traditional military capabilities and the role of the ‘international community’ as a unitary actor.

Mary Kaldor and Sabine Selchow, ‘From Military to “Security Interventions”: An Alternative Approach to Contemporary Interventions’, Stability (2015). DOI: 10.5334/sta.fu

Burundi


 

Security in ‘Rebel-Held’ Territories

Ali Ali examines security in Syria through this same conceptual lens of the ‘security gap’, understood as the gap between security practices and objectives which have implications for individual and collective security.

Practices of security refer to the state apparatus, the military, and militias. Their objective – safety – refers to the safety or security of the state, political parties, and ethnic groups, as well as the general safety of inhabitants and the protection of human rights.

Dr Ali assesses the security situation in so-called ‘rebel-held’ areas of Syria where alternative governance structures have emerged. He examines the security approaches of Local Administrative Councils and Rebel Councils in Deir Azzor, Manbij, Dera, and areas dominated by the Kurdish Democratic Union Party.

His paper argues that security and safety are strongly influenced by deals and relationships involved in the formation of new, rising authorities. Security in these areas is also strongly influenced by the Syrian government, which disrupts groups that threaten its own collective security while offering limited support to those which serve its agenda.

Ali Ali, ‘The Security Gap in Syria: Individual and Collective Security in “Rebel-held” Territories’, Stability (2015). DOI: 10.5334/sta.gd.


 

Does Security Imply Safety?

‘Security’ is a multi-faceted term. Even if there is agreement on a threat that requires ‘security’, the term can mean many things. It can be an individual feeling; it can refer to the probability of a particular threat occurring; and it can also reflect the condition a group of individuals is in, or perceive themselves to be in.

So, to what extent do these different aspects of security correlate? To Anouk Rigerink, the (perhaps misguided) assumption that these four concepts of ‘security’ are closely related has clear implications for policy and research.

Firstly, it leaves open the possibility that interventions targeting one aspect of security do not affect, or even adversely affect, another aspect of security – an expression of a security gap.

Secondly, research is commonly motivated by individual-level arguments relating to safety, whilst relying on aggregate indicators more likely capturing security.

Where the various aspects of security are indeed strongly correlated, this assumption may well be close to the truth. If they are not, there is scope for a mismatch between security interventions and certain aspects of security: an expression of the security gap.

Anouk Rigterink, ‘Does Security Imply Safety? On the (Lack of) Correlation Between Different Aspects of Security’, Stability (2015). DOI: 10.5334/sta.fw


 

Related Posts

Professor Mary Kaldor (Subterranean Politics Capture 1)Migration BBC Graphicmobile-phones

About the author

Keith McDonald

Posted In: Featured | Publications

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

RSS Justice and Security Research Programme

  • JSRP and the future
    The JSRP drew to a close in 2017 but many of the researchers and partners involved in the programme continue to work on the issues and theories developed during the lifetime of the programme. Tim Allen now directs the Firoz Lalji Centre for Africa (FLCA) at LSE where many of the JSRP research team working […]
  • Life after the LRA
    The JSRP reached the end of its grant in spring 2017 but several outputs from the programme are scheduled for publication in the coming months. The most recent of these is a new journal article from Holly Porter and Letha Victor drawing on their extensive research with JSRP in the Acholi region of northern Uganda.  The […]

RSS LSE’s engagement with South Asia

  • Four Stylised Facts about Covid-19 Impacts in Sri Lanka
    The Covid-19 pandemic has wreaked havoc for economies worldwide, and smaller countries have been hit particularly badly. Sri Lanka’s economy was already under stress but was slowly moving in the right direction when the combined effects of the pandemic on public health and the economy has dealt a severe blow. Ganeshan Wignaraja suggests possible ways […]
  • Bangladesh @ 50: Challenges to Inclusion
    While we celebrate Bangladesh’s achievements in economic growth and poverty reduction, a growth-focused strategy does not serve Bangabandhu’s vision for an egalitarian society as it excludes and neglects many citizens. As Bangladesh’s economy thrives, Mathilde Maitrot and Joe Devine’s research finds there are persistent pockets of extreme poverty, some of which are getting worse, and […]