The Founders’ Room, or as it is more popularly known the Shaw Library, is much loved by students and staff past and present as a place to read, snooze or eat your lunch. LSE Archivist Sue Donnelly reveals how this quiet haven on the top of the Old Building came into existence.
The Founders’ Room
The sixth floor of the Old Building was completed in 1928 with the opening of the Founders’ Room by the Prince of Wales. A memorandum from the Director, William Beveridge, in 1928 described it as “intended to serve first and foremost as a place for reading, reflection and quiet conversation.” The School banned academic work there, although there were some complaints about students sleeping. In 1939 the President of the Students’ Union requested that smoking be permitted though academic work continued to be excluded.
A general reading library
In 1939 Beveridge’s successor as Director, Alexander Carr-Saunders lunched with Beatrice Webb and Charlotte and G Bernard Shaw and explained his idea for a general reading library. In a letter to Charlotte Shaw he wrote:
They are nearly all very poor; they are unable to collect libraries of their own, and come from homes where books are almost unknown. They may have been well trained in school subjects but they have seldom had the opportunity of seeing a book about architecture, painting or music or even about travel or connected with modern literature and drama. So their experience is terribly one-sided.
Charlotte Shaw was inspired but concerned that Carr-Saunders’ selection of titles might be staid – as she “would be in favour of the most exhaustive and daring range of subjects”.
Evacuation to Cambridge
Charlotte agreed to give £1,000 towards the project and, concerned that she might drop dead or be killed by a bomb (the prospect of war was hanging over the Britain), immediately sent a cheque. The School Governors added £500 and followed this up in 1940-41 with a further £200.
The School’s evacuation to Cambridge delayed the plan but in September 1939 Carr-Saunders suggested that a small part of the donation be used to establish a general library in Cambridge. Charlotte agreed to this “magnificent idea”.
The Library committee
The Professorial Council appointed a small selection committee of Eileen Power, Professor of Economic History, the Librarian, W G Dickinson and Carr-Saunders. The committee took their selection duties very seriously consulting the Library Association School Libraries section, Herbert Read, literary critic and poet, Oliver Elton, a second literary critic and translator who had been a colleague of Carr-Saunders’ at Liverpool University, and Herbert Lionel Elvin who was active in the Workers Education Association.
Following the death of Eileen Power in August 1940 a new committee was appointed in March 1941 and the economist Lance Beales and the economic historian, O R McGregor joined the Librarian on the Committee.
By February 1942 Carr-Saunders was able to report that the Library held over 1,700 books and in the Lent term of 1944 there were 196 borrowers. Initially students could borrow one book a week, later increased to two, and fines started at a penny a day. The Library was housed on the first floor of Grove Lodge.
Carr-Saunders described the Library to his colleagues as “one of my war-time hobbies” and in 1945 told economist Vera Anstey that he wished more of the younger staff would make use of the Library.
A name for the Library
But there was still the question of what to call the new Library. Charlotte Shaw was famously self-effacing and despite her close involvement with the project (down to a lengthy dispute over bookplates she declared to be “philistine, unimaginative”) wanted to be anonymous:
Reward me by keeping my connection with it absolutely private as is possible under the circumstances. I have already had to excuse myself for refusing to have my portrait painted and hung in the Founders’ Room at the School. I am abnormally & ridiculously averse from publicity and like to work in the dark, like a mole! So please help me. We must find some nice name to call the Library by. Perhaps GBS [her husband, dramatist and LSE co-founder George Bernard Shaw]can invent something.
Her own prosaic suggestion was the Students’ Recreation Library. Carr-Saunders replied, in a letter from September 1940 that Library staff (who knew about the donation) were already calling it the Shaw Library. “We would not use the name in a wider circle without your permission but I should like to know if you would not care to think over the matter again.”
Finally Charlotte was convinced:
It is curious & very nice isn’t it that the right name should have come like this – of itself so to speak. Because there can be no doubt that this ‘The Shaw Library’ is the absolutely right name – so short, so convenient, so satisfactory. So ‘The Shaw Library’ let it be.
A small opening event was held in 1940 but Charlotte’s desire for anonymity has meant that many believe the Library to be named after George Bernard Shaw.
Return to London
On the School’s return to London in 1945 the Shaw Library was initially housed in the gallery of the Lending Library and moved to the Founders’ Room in the Christmas vacation of 1945 to 1946. In 1946 the Music Society asked to use the Shaw Library beginning the tradition of using the room for concerts.
Today a photograph of Charlotte Shaw hangs in the Founders’ Room and we hope she will forgive us telling the full story of the founding of the Shaw Library.
This post was published during LSE’s 120th anniversary celebrations