Education

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    School choice and new information about academic performance have not changed Chicago’s unequal system of educational access.

School choice and new information about academic performance have not changed Chicago’s unequal system of educational access.

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Over the last two decades, education policymakers have sought to improve access to education via school choice reforms aimed at improving poor families’ access to better schools. Using evidence from one such school choice reform policy in Chicago, Peter Rich finds that such measures did not encourage parents to send their children to high achieving schools, likely because of […]

January 12th, 2016|Education, Peter Rich|1 Comment|
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    Improving verbal learning in schools can increase political engagement and encourage voting later in life.

Improving verbal learning in schools can increase political engagement and encourage voting later in life.

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Can education policymakers close achievements gaps in core subjects, and at the same time improve civic education and participation? In new research, Meghan Condon argues that they can; students who gain greater verbal skills in school, and who then do better academically, are also more likely to vote and volunteer as adults. She argues that students who are from […]

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    There is no skills-gap: it is employers who have not kept up with the improved skills of graduates

There is no skills-gap: it is employers who have not kept up with the improved skills of graduates

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One of the frequent criticisms levelled at universities in both the US and UK is that they do not provide students with the skills they need in the workplace. Skills are in abundance, and the true gap is the underutilisation of talent, writes Steven C. Ward.

Often borrowing from human capital theory, first elaborated by the late Chicago School economist […]

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    How making entrance exams more accessible can increase college attendance

How making entrance exams more accessible can increase college attendance

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Despite being academically ready, many students fail to take a college entrance exam. In new research, George Bulman finds that this may be due in part to differing access to such exams from school to school and state to state. He finds that new testing centres are likely to increase SAT test taking rates by 4 percentage point for […]

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    Disadvantaged and visible minority students may be less likely to benefit from supportive relationships with teachers

Disadvantaged and visible minority students may be less likely to benefit from supportive relationships with teachers

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Children’s success at school helps to lay the groundwork for career and personal success; the continued underperformance of disadvantaged and racial minority students is therefore of great concern to policymakers. In new research using data from a longitudinal child development survey in Quebec, Caroline Fitzpatrick and her co-authors found that race and appearance contribute to academic adjustment problems regardless […]

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    How policies that promote school competition and choice are linked to school segregation.

How policies that promote school competition and choice are linked to school segregation.

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The past decade has seen growing concerns about the resegregation of American schools after years of effort to end their segregation. In new research, Jeremy Fiel argues that much of this trend is down to new policies which give families the opportunity to take advantage of schools they see as being ‘better’. Using school system data from 1993 to […]

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    Having opposite gender friends can reduce high school achievement

Having opposite gender friends can reduce high school achievement

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Is having a friend from the opposite gender a help or a hindrance to getting good grades in high school? In new research using data on high school friendship networks and academic achievement, Andrew J. Hill finds that a ten percent increase in opposite gender friends reduces a students’ GPA score by 0.1 points. He writes that this effect […]

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    Increased immigration enforcement has a detrimental effect on the school performance of the children of unauthorized immigrants

Increased immigration enforcement has a detrimental effect on the school performance of the children of unauthorized immigrants

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The past 13 years have seen a massive increase in immigration enforcement at the state and local level aimed at reducing undocumented immigration. In new research, Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes and Mary J. Lopez find that this increased enforcement has adversely impacted the children of unauthorized migrants. They find that increased enforcement has the largest impact on children aged 6 to […]

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    School boards were more likely to have Latino members in counties covered by the language assistance provisions of the now defunct Section 4 of the Voting Rights Act.

School boards were more likely to have Latino members in counties covered by the language assistance provisions of the now defunct Section 4 of the Voting Rights Act.

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More than two years ago the Supreme Court struck down Section 4 of the Voting Rights Act, meaning that certain districts and states would no longer need to gain preclearance from the U.S. District Court before making changes to electoral rules. In new research, Melissa Marschall and Amanda Rutherford look at the effects language assistance provisions, Sections 203 and […]

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    Confidence gap? Women economists tend to be less confident than men when speaking outside their area of expertise.

Confidence gap? Women economists tend to be less confident than men when speaking outside their area of expertise.

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In male-dominated workplaces, women tend to be less confident than men. Heather Sarsons and Guo Xu conducted research into confidence levels of successful economists and found that the gender gap is largely driven by women’s lack of confidence when asked questions on topics outside their field of expertise. Addressing the confidence gap may require further thought over what the “right” level of confidence should […]

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