For the first time in its history, the UNCTAD World Investment Forum hosted panel discussions on Human Rights and Investment Policymaking at its October 2014 event. These panel discussions, designed and moderated by the LSE Investment & Human Rights Project, offered a scoping of the key issues in this area and aired the perspectives of a wide range of practitioners. Panelists represented views from government, the international arbitration practice, the private sector business community, civil society, international institutions and academia. One key outcome of the panels is that much more work needs to be done to build understanding around how investment impacts people and their rights. This IHR Project background and summary captures the important discussions.