Latin America

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    Chile’s ‘second transition’: the persistent politics of memory in the 2017 presidential election

Chile’s ‘second transition’: the persistent politics of memory in the 2017 presidential election

The “second transition” debate reveals that conflicted memories remain at the core of political legitimacy, transforming the 2017 elections into a stage where competing versions of truth, justice, and culture revive questions of the past that demand resolution in the present, writes Roberto Velázquez Quiroz (Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile).

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    Is it wise to decapitate organised armed groups? The case of Colombia’s Clan del Golfo

Is it wise to decapitate organised armed groups? The case of Colombia’s Clan del Golfo

Demobilisation of this armed group is an opportunity not to be missed. In a context of FARC disarmament and a peace process with the ELN, the state can establish its presence throughout the country and smooth the road to peace, write Juan David Gélvez and Michael Weintraub (Universidad de los Andes).

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    China’s new relations with Panama and Costa Rica are another step towards a Beijing Consensus in Central America

China’s new relations with Panama and Costa Rica are another step towards a Beijing Consensus in Central America

Increased trade, aid, investment, and diplomatic engagement between China and both Costa Rica and Panama signal a more general projection of Chinese economic and political standards in international trade policy, writes Sophie Wintgens (Université Libre de Bruxelles).

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    Levantando el velo de la bondad: “la amistad” y el colonialismo de asentamiento en la Patagonia galesa de Argentina

Levantando el velo de la bondad: “la amistad” y el colonialismo de asentamiento en la Patagonia galesa de Argentina

El impulso pacífico de los galeses en un contexto global de brutalidad colonial sobresale como un modelo de generosidad. Pero esta “amistad” sirvió finalmente para reforzar el proyecto colonizador en Argentina y más allá, escribe Lucy Taylor (Aberystwyth University).

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    The Cayman conundrum: why is one tiny archipelago the largest financial centre in Latin America and the Caribbean?

The Cayman conundrum: why is one tiny archipelago the largest financial centre in Latin America and the Caribbean?

Analysing how millions of multinational corporations structure their global ownership chains reveals that Cayman acts as a ‘sink’ offshore financial centre where foreign capital accumulates and data trails often end, writes Jan Fichtner (University of Amsterdam).

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    Poor health outcomes amongst Afro-Colombians are driven by discrimination as well as economic disadvantage

Poor health outcomes amongst Afro-Colombians are driven by discrimination as well as economic disadvantage

Differential health outcomes are driven by both structural and internalised forms of discrimination, so strategies targeting health disparities amongst Afro-Colombians must adopt an integrated approach, writes Maria Cecilia Dedios (LSE Psychological and Behavioural Science).

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    Cuando el descabezamiento del crimen organizado funciona: el caso del Clan del Golfo en Colombia

Cuando el descabezamiento del crimen organizado funciona: el caso del Clan del Golfo en Colombia

La desmovilización de este grupo armado es una oportunidad que no debe perderse. Dados la salida de las FARC y el proceso de paz con el ELN, puede llevar presencia estatal a todo el país y concretar el camino hacia la paz, escriben Juan David Gélvez y Michael Weintraub (Universidad de los Andes).

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    In Latin America as in the wider world, corruption is rooted in our relationships

In Latin America as in the wider world, corruption is rooted in our relationships

Acknowledging that cooperation and corruption are two sides of the same coin can help us to understand why some states succeed and others fail, why some oscillate, and which triggers lead failed states to succeed and successful states to fail, writes Michael Muthukrishna (LSE Psychological and Behavioural Science).

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    Territorially Focused Development Plans can transform the countryside and strengthen peace in Colombia

Territorially Focused Development Plans can transform the countryside and strengthen peace in Colombia

The PDET process will allow social conflicts to be addressed through democratic discussion and respect for differences, thus helping to create a broad and effective institutional framework with significant potential for transformation, writes Mariana Escobar Arango (Territorial Renewal Agency, Colombia).

From Chávez to Trump, must we really talk about populism?

There has been a surge in academic and media interest in populism, fuelled mainly by the election of Donald Trump. But as misleading comparisons with Venezuela’s Hugo Chávez show, the concept obscures more than it illuminates, while also marginalising any challenge to a dysfunctional “moderate centre”, writes Barry Cannon (Maynooth University).